<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Todman (Theo) - Thesis - Out of Body Experiences (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22742.htm">Thesis - Out of Body Experiences</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/T/Author_Todman (Theo).htm">Todman (Theo)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: </th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22742.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1255.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><ul type="disc"><li>This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note '<a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1255.htm">Near Death Experiences</A><SUP>1</SUP>' during my Thesis research, as from 2017. </li><li>For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Summary" above. </li></ul><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><hr><br><B><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22742_2">Write-up</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22742_2"></A></u> (as at 15/03/2018 20:54:14): Out of Body Experiences</B><BR><br><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22742_3">Plug Note</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22742_3"></A></u><ul type="disc"><li> As is the case with <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_976.htm">NDEs</A><SUP>4</SUP>, which sometimes include them, OBEs offer various challenges to physicalist accounts of the mind, and to <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">animalist</A><SUP>5</SUP> accounts of <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_734.htm">what we are</A><SUP>6</SUP>. </li><li>OBEs may or may not be a concomitant of an NDE. They seem sometimes to occur during other crisis times of illness. </li><li>An example was reported quite casually in March 2018 by a reporter suffering from Myalgic Encephalomyelitis, also known as ME, or Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). He stated quite casually   <FONT COLOR = "800080">In the middle of a piece about maternity and paternity benefits, during the 6pm news programme, I had the most wonderful sensation. I left my body, was suddenly up in the studio ceiling, and was looking down on myself, the presenters, and all of the camera crew. I was having an out-of-body experience.</FONT> See <a name="W6675W"></a><A HREF = "http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/articles/3zwwH9C8fRfGBdQl0c8gVGQ/why-do-we-know-so-little-about-me" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>. </li><li>The question is  of course  whether these experiences are of anything outside the mind. Do they really prove that something like a <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_100.htm">soul</A><SUP>7</SUP> can wander out of the body?</li><li>A difficult situation to  explain away is where the NDE-experiencer claims  as in the example above  to see something (while having an Out of Body Experience) they could not have seen under normal circumstances. The difficulty with evaluating such reports is that they are either vague and unsurprising, or anecdotal and hard to verify  so the presumption is that they aren t veridical. </li><li>There s a famous  shoe <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22742_8">case</A></U><SUB>8</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22742_8"></A> where no follow-up seems to have been possible. There s a (naturally sceptical) page on <em><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22742_9">Infidels.org</A></U><SUB>9</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22742_9"></A></em> which references the  shoe case amongst others.</li><li>The case of our reporter is surprisingly off-hand for such a surprising claim. <a name="12"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_170.htm">Blackmore (Susan) - Beyond the Body</A>" asserts that 10% of people claim to have had OBEs. Maybe most also believe in immaterial souls, and think that most other people do likewise. So, they may claim more than they strictly observed as a way of making their experience seem more important than those of rival accounts. Rather than thinking they are distorting the evidence-base for this phenomenon, they may simply take it as a fact, and want to share in the glamour associated with having experienced it. Much like alien abduction. </li><li>Works on this topic that <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22742_10">I ve actually read</A></U><SUB>10</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22742_10"></A>, <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22742_11">include</A></U><SUB>11</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22742_11"></A> the following:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="7"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_22/Abstract_22741.htm">Emslie (Karen) - Hallucinogenic nights</A>", <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22742_12">Emslie</A></U><SUB>12</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22742_12"></A> </li></ol></li><li>A reading list (where not covered elsewhere) might start with:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="8"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21587.htm">Almeder (Robert) - Out-of-Body Experiences</A>", Almeder</li><li><a name="13"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_170.htm">Blackmore (Susan) - Beyond the Body</A>", <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22742_13">Blackmore</A></U><SUB>13</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22742_13"></A></li><li><a name="9"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20683.htm">Blackmore (Susan) - Out-of-Body Experiences are not Evidence for Survival</A>", Blackmore</li><li><a name="10"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_22/Abstract_22276.htm">Ehrsson (H. Henrik) - The Experimental Induction of Out-of-Body Experiences</A>", Ehrsson</li></ol></li><li>This is mostly a <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_737.htm">place-holder</A><SUP>14</SUP>. </li></ul><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P22742_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22742_2"><B>Footnote 2</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (15/03/2018 20:54:14). </li><li><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1255.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A>. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P22742_3"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22742_3"><B>Footnote 3</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>A number of my philosophical Notes are  promissory notes currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned. </li><li>I ve decided to add some text  whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive  for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.</li><li>As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance. </li><li>The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P22742_8"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22742_8"><B>Footnote 8</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>See <a name="W207W"></a><A HREF = "https://infidels.org/library/modern/keith_augustine/HNDEs.html#maria" TARGET = "_top">Link</A> for more information. </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_P22742_9"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22742_9"><B>Footnote 9</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>See <a name="W206W"></a><A HREF = "https://infidels.org/library/modern/keith_augustine/HNDEs.html" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>, <a name="11"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17066.htm">Augustine (Keith) - Hallucinatory Near-Death Experiences</A>". </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_P22742_10"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22742_10"><B>Footnote 10</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Frequently I ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note. </li><li>In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time. </li><li>In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course. </li><li>My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P22742_11"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22742_11"><B>Footnote 11</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>I may have read others in between updates of this Note  in which case they will be marked as such in the  References and Reading List below.</li><li>Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected. </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_P22742_12"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22742_12"><B>Footnote 12</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>This paper is about the author s experience of sleep paralysis, but includes discussion of OBEs. </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_P22742_13"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22742_13"><B>Footnote 13</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>This book  though sceptical  is probably the best starting point. </li></ul> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-13T13:21" pubdate>13/08/2018 13:21:44</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>