<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Wiggins (David) - Sortal Concepts: A Reply to Xu (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22772.htm">Sortal Concepts: A Reply to Xu</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/W/Author_Wiggins (David).htm">Wiggins (David)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Wiggins (David) - Continuants: Their Activity, Their Being, and Their Identity</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22772.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PapersToNotes_22772.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22772_1">Editors Abstract</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22772_1"></A></u><ol type="1"><li>(This essay, revised)<FONT COLOR = "800080"> is a <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_10.htm">sortalist</A><SUP>2</SUP> commentary on Fei Xu's account of how particular substances can be singled out. It emphasizes the central importance of the determinable concept <em>object of some kind or other (to be determined)</em>. </li></ol> </FONT><BR><u>Note</u> <ol type="1"><li>This Chapter is a response to <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22772_3">Fei Xu s Paper</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22772_3"></A> in <em>Mind and Language</em>, Volume 12, Issue 3-4, September 1997, pp 365 392, entitled  From Lot s Wife to a Pillar of Salt: Evidence that <em>Physical Object</em> is a <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_10.htm">Sortal</A><SUP>4</SUP> Concept .</li><li>Xu s abstract is as follows:- <FONT COLOR = "800080"><ul type="disc"><li>A number of philosophers of language have proposed that people do not have conceptual access to  bare particulars , or attribute-free individuals (e.g. Wiggins, 1980). Individuals can only be picked out under some <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_10.htm">sortal</A><SUP>5</SUP>, a concept which provides principles of <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_77.htm">individuation</A><SUP>6</SUP> and identity. </li><li>Many advocates of this view have argued that <em>object</em> is not a genuine <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_10.htm">sortal</A><SUP>7</SUP> concept. I will argue in this paper that a narrow sense of  object , namely the concept of any bounded, coherent, three-dimensional physical object that moves as a whole (Spelke, 1990) is a <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_10.htm">sortal</A><SUP>8</SUP> for both infants and adults. </li><li>Furthermore, <em>object</em> may be the infant's first <a name="7"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_10.htm">sortal</A><SUP>9</SUP> and more specific <a name="8"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_10.htm">sortals</A><SUP>10</SUP> such as <em>cup</em> and <em>dog</em> may be acquired later in the first year of life. I will discuss the implications for infant categorization studies, trying to draw a conceptual distinction between a perceptual category and a <a name="9"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_10.htm">sortal</A><SUP>11</SUP>, and I will speculate on how a child may construct <a name="10"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_10.htm">sortal</A><SUP>12</SUP> concepts such as <em>cup</em> and <em>dog</em>. </li></ul></FONT> </li></ol><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><BR><BR>Originally in Mind and Language 12, 1997, pp. 413-21<BR><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P22772_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22772_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Taken from <a name="11"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_22/Abstract_22763.htm">Wiggins (David) - Continuants: Their Activity, Their Being, and Their Identity: Introduction</A>".</li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_P22772_3"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22772_3"><B>Footnote 3</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>I haven t a copy of this paper. </li><li>I presume Fei Xu is this this lady: <a name="W5695W"></a><A HREF = "https://vcresearch.berkeley.edu/faculty/fei-xu" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>, a cognitive psychologist at Berkeley specializing, inter alia, in  conceptual development, developmental psychology, cognitive development, language development, social cognition in infants and children . </li></ul> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T09:58" pubdate>02/08/2018 09:58:04</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>