<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Botros (Sophie) - Caught in a Timeless Leibnizian Net (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22806.htm">Caught in a Timeless Leibnizian Net</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/B/Author_Botros (Sophie).htm">Botros (Sophie)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Botros (Sophie) - Truth, Time and History: Part II (Time), Chapter 4</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22806.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PapersToNotes_22806.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u>Contents</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">Introduction  95 <li>Property and essence  96 <ol type="i"><li> All an entity s properties are essential : the argument from everyday discourse  96 </li><li>All an entity s properties  flow from its essence: the argument from science  99 <ol type="a"><li>Fine, Gorman, Copi and a preliminary example from chemistry  99 </li><li>The scientific pessimism behind Locke s distinction between real and nominal essences  100 </li><li>Opposing the pessimism: for and against  101 </li><li>Why atomic number cannot explain all an entity s other properties: hydrogen, helium, iron  102 </li><li>Philosophical unclarity about atomic number, and the relation of essence to properties  104 </li><li>Leibniz s principle of the indiscernibility of identity affirmed  106 </ol> </ol></li><li>Essence as dynamic  107 <ol type="i"><li>First strategy: Leibniz s Law governs different notions of identity  107 <ol type="a"><li>Diachronic / synchronic identity  107 </li><li>Relative/absolute identity  108 </ol></li><li>Second strategy: Leibniz s Law is applied to persistence and survival conditions  109 <ol type="a"><li> Continuants as basic to immediate experience  110 </li><li>The  true claim that identity judgements must conform to Leibniz distinguished from the  false one that they must be <em>reached</em> via Leibniz  111 </li><li>Argument from  unworkability for the falsity of the last claim  112 </li><li>Why Leibniz s Principle of the <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_81.htm">Identity of Indiscernibles</A><SUP>1</SUP> cannot help  113 </li><li>But can our identity judgements conform to Leibniz if they are not reached via Leibniz?  113 </li><li>Objections to temporal parts theorists, Gabbay and Moravscik  115 </li><li>The paradox of change again  116 </ol></li><li>Implications for truth value link realism as a non-presentist tensed theory  119 </ol> </li></ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T09:58" pubdate>02/08/2018 09:58:35</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>