Caught in a Timeless Leibnizian Net
Botros (Sophie)
Source: Botros (Sophie) - Truth, Time and History: Part II (Time), Chapter 4
Paper - Abstract

Paper SummaryText Colour-Conventions


Contents

    Introduction – 95
  1. Property and essence – 96
    1. ‘All an entity’s properties are essential’: the argument from everyday discourse – 96
    2. All an entity’s properties ‘flow from’ its essence: the argument from science – 99
      1. Fine, Gorman, Copi and a preliminary example from chemistry – 99
      2. The scientific pessimism behind Locke’s distinction between real and nominal essences – 100
      3. Opposing the pessimism: for and against – 101
      4. Why atomic number cannot explain all an entity’s other properties: hydrogen, helium, iron – 102
      5. Philosophical unclarity about atomic number, and the relation of essence to properties – 104
      6. Leibniz’s principle of the indiscernibility of identity affirmed – 106
  2. Essence as dynamic – 107
    1. First strategy: Leibniz’s Law governs different notions of identity – 107
      1. Diachronic / synchronic identity – 107
      2. Relative/absolute identity – 108
    2. Second strategy: Leibniz’s Law is applied to persistence and survival conditions – 109
      1. ‘Continuants’ as basic to immediate experience – 110
      2. The ‘true’ claim that identity judgements must conform to Leibniz distinguished from the ‘false’ one that they must be reached via Leibniz – 111
      3. Argument from ‘unworkability’ for the falsity of the last claim – 112
      4. Why Leibniz’s Principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles cannot help – 113
      5. But can our identity judgements conform to Leibniz if they are not reached via Leibniz? – 113
      6. Objections to temporal parts theorists, Gabbay and Moravscik – 115
      7. The paradox of change again – 116
    3. Implications for truth value link realism as a non-presentist tensed theory – 119

Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)

  1. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2017
  2. Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)



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