A Realist Present and a Coherentist Past
Botros (Sophie)
Source: Botros (Sophie) - Truth, Time and History: Part III (History), Chapter 7
Paper - Abstract

Paper SummaryText Colour-Conventions


Contents

    Introduction – 191
  1. Can historical texts really replace ersatz times as truth-makers? – 193
    1. Are they sufficiently similar? – 193
      1. Absence of a ‘realist, reductive, truth-making structure’ – 193
      2. A literary precedent for transferring truth making to the historical text – 195
      3. The realist backlash, and Lewis’s competing view about fictional truth laid bare – 196
    2. Are historical texts sufficiently different from ersatz times? – 199
      1. Lewisian objections: ‘Completeness’, ‘Plenitude’, etc. – 199
      2. ‘Radical presentist’ objections – 202
      3. Texts, authored and unauthored; story prefixes, transparent and opaque – 203
    3. How historians arrange events in order of time – 204
      1. The myth of the ‘ideal chronicler’ – 204
      2. Choosing a time frame to suit one’s narrative: Thucydides’ Peloponnesian War – 206
      3. The less than radical truth behind Williams claim that Thucydides invented linear time – 207
      4. Methods of determining linear succession: ‘archaeological horizons’ – 210
  2. The history / fiction controversies – 211
    1. Is history sufficiently like fiction to count as a narrative form? – 211
      1. Aristotle’s Poetics and the tension between history’s linearity and dramatic unity – 212
      2. Periodisation and Mink’s claim that ‘history has a beginning, a middle, and an end’ – 214
      3. Barthes, Carlyle and the dramatic subversion of linear time – 216
    2. Is history sufficiently different from fiction not to be dismissed as a ‘sanctioned pretence’? – 217
      1. Modal fictionalism: truth within the scope of a (silent) story prefix – 218
    3. ‘Realism about the present, coherentism about the past’: the remainder of our proposal explained and defended – 223
      1. Texts, theories: robust enough to be realist truth makers? Modal fictionalism again – 223
      2. Texts, as actually existing abstract cultural creations, transferred to historical domain – 224
      3. Rejection of a realist reduction that ‘goes all the way down’ and appeal to different levels of discourse – 227
  3. Conclusion – 229

Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)

  1. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2017
  2. Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)



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