<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Crisp (Thomas M.) - Presentism and The Grounding Objection (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22874.htm">Presentism and The Grounding Objection</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/C/Author_Crisp (Thomas M.).htm">Crisp (Thomas M.)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Nos, Vol. 41, No. 1 (Mar., 2007), pp. 90-109</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22874.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperCitings_22874.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u>Author s Abstract</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Presentists think that only present things exist. But according to a popular line of objection, their thesis has an unacceptable implication: if there were only present things, there would be nothing to ground past and future truths. It is a plausible principle that contingent truths like Socrates existed are true only if there is some thing or things in the world that ground their truth, that make them true. But what among the present things  which according to the presentist, exhaust reality  grounds a truth like Socrates existed? Says the objector: nothing. So presentists face an uncomfortable dilemma: reject the principle that contingent truths need grounding or give up obvious truths about the past like Socrates existed. Neither option is attractive. </li><li>Such is the grounding objection to presentism, roughly stated. I argue in this paper that presentists have an adequate reply. After setting out the objection in proper detail, I expand on a reply once advocated by John Bigelow (<U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22874_1">1996</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22874_1"></A>) and defend my expanded reply against objections. </li></ol></FONT><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P22874_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22874_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: See <a name="1"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5270.htm">Bigelow (John) - Presentism and Properties</A>". <BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T09:59" pubdate>02/08/2018 09:59:32</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>