<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Kolak (Daniel) - Room for a View: On the Metaphysical Subject of Personal Identity (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PaperSummary_23101.htm">Room for a View: On the Metaphysical Subject of Personal Identity</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/K/Author_Kolak (Daniel).htm">Kolak (Daniel)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Synthese, Vol. 162, No. 3 (Jun., 2008), pp. 341-372</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PaperSummary_23101.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PapersToNotes_23101.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Author s Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Sydney Shoemaker leads today's "neo-Lockean" liberation of persons from the conservative <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">animalist</A><SUP>1</SUP> charge of "neo-Aristotelians" such as Eric Olson, according to whom persons are biological entities and who challenge all neo-Lockean views on grounds that abstracting from strictly physical, or bodily, criteria plays fast and loose with our identities. </li><li>There is a fundamental mistake on both sides: a false dichotomy between bodily continuity versus <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_16.htm">psychological continuity</A><SUP>2</SUP> theories of personal identity. </li><li>Neo-Lockeans, like everyone else today who relies on Locke's analysis of personal identity, including Derek Parfit, have either completely distorted or not understood Locke's actual view. Shoemaker's defense, which uses a "package deal" definition that relies on internal relations of synchronic and diachronic unity and employs the Ramsey-Lewis account to define personal identity, leaves far less room for <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_16.htm">psychological continuity</A><SUP>3</SUP> views than for my own view, which, independently of its radical implications, is that <ol type="a"><li><em>consciousness makes personal identity</em>, and </li><li><em>in consciousness alone personal identity consists</em> - which happens to be also Locke's actual view. </ol></li><li>Moreover, the ubiquitous Fregean conception of borders and the so-called "ambiguity of <em>is</em>" collapse in the light of what Hintikka has called the "Frege trichotomy." The Ramsey-Lewis account, due to the problematic way Shoemaker tries to bind the variables, makes it impossible for the neo-Lockean ala Shoemaker to fulfill the uniqueness clause required by all such Lewis style definitions; such attempts avoid circularity only at the expense of mistaking isomorphism with identity. </li><li>Contrary to what virtually all philosophers writing on the topic assume, fission does not destroy personal identity. A proper analysis of public versus perspectival identification, derived using actual case studies from neuropsychiatry, provides the scientific, mathematical and logical frameworks for a new theory of self-reference, wherein "consciousness," "self-consciousness," and the "I," can be precisely defined in terms of <em>the subject</em> and <em>the subject-in-itself</em>. </li></ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T10:02" pubdate>02/08/2018 10:02:50</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>