<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Hales (Steven D.) - Evidence and the Afterlife (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PaperSummary_23293.htm">Evidence and the Afterlife</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/H/Author_Hales (Steven D.).htm">Hales (Steven D.)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Philosophia, vol. 28, nos. 1-4, pp. 335-346</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PaperSummary_23293.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PaperCitings_23293.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Author s Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Several prominent philosophers, including <a name="1"></a><A HREF = "../../Authors/A/Author_Ayer (A.J.).htm">A.J. Ayer</A> and <a name="2"></a><A HREF = "../../Authors/P/Author_Parfit (Derek).htm">Derek Parfit</A>, have offered the evidentiary requirements for believing human personality can reincarnate, and hence that Cartesian dualism is true. </li><li>At least one philosopher, <a name="3"></a><A HREF = "../../Authors/A/Author_Almeder (Robert).htm">Robert Almeder</A>, has argued that there are actual cases which satisfy these requirements. </li><li>I argue in this paper that even if we grant the empirical data  a large concession  belief in reincarnation is still unjustified. </li><li>The problem is that without a theoretical account of the alleged cases of reincarnation, the empirical evidence alone does not license giving up materialist theories of the mind. </li></ol> </FONT><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><BR><BR>See <a name="W6654W"></a><A HREF = "http://departments.bloomu.edu/philosophy/pages/content/hales/articles/afterlife.html" TARGET = "_top">Link</A><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T10:05" pubdate>02/08/2018 10:05:27</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>