<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Giracca (Amanda) - Consider the rooster (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PaperSummary_23305.htm">Consider the rooster</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/G/Author_Giracca (Amanda).htm">Giracca (Amanda)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Aeon, 05 February, 2018</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PaperSummary_23305.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PapersToNotes_23305.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u>Brief Notes</u> <ul type="disc"><li>This paper has lots of sensible things to say about the disconnection of modern human beings from nature and from our food-sources, and the way keeping chickens can help bridge the gap. </li><li>The author briefly supplies the usual assessment of the cognitive and social excellences of chickens, and the awful state they are kept in (at least in American industrial farming). </li><li>But, the focus of the article is in  roosters . I m not sure whether these male chickens are quite the same as cockerels in the UK, but they seem rather nasty pieces of work; very aggressive  once adult  towards all-comers, but particularly unpleasant towards the hens during mating. </li><li>They are protective of the flock, but our author opines that the girls would get along fine without them  a rather fanciful notion to anyone who s witnessed the depredations of the local fox. </li><li>The author supports the theory  promulgated by <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P23305_1">Naomi Sykes</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P23305_1"></A>  that roosters aggressive behaviour is all down to selective breeding in support of cock-fighting, and that poultry were first domesticated for that purpose  and other cultic reasons  rather than for food. I have my doubts; drakes are rather aggressive towards female ducks, but I ve never heard of duck-fighting.</li><li>There s also a conflicting pair of speculations  that cock-fighting is currently associated with dysfunctional macho societies, but also historically resulted in the reduction of inter-male violence, though with an increase of violence against women. The former claim is by Hal Herzog in <a name="1"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6703.htm">Herzog (Hal) - Some We Love, Some We Hate, Some We Eat: Why it's So Hard to Think Straight About Animals</A>", the latter again by Naomi Sykes. </li><li>The paper ends with reference to rooster sanctuaries where the violent birds can be trained out of their nasty ways and live happily. I have my doubts  cock-fighting only  works because of the natural aggression of male birds towards one another  and presumably the ancestors of chickens were selected as fine exemplars of this trait. </li></ul><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><ul type="disc"><li>Sub-title: "<FONT COLOR = "800080">The thugs of the barnyard, roosters were bred to fight and strut. Does our highly tamed world have room for them any more?</FONT>" </li><li>See <a name="W6671W"></a><A HREF = "https://aeon.co/essays/is-the-rooster-with-its-thuggish-ways-a-domestic-animal" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>. </li></ul><BR><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P23305_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P23305_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>See  A social perspective on the introduction of exotic animals: the case of the chicken (<a name="W6673W"></a><A HREF = "https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00438243.2012.646104" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>).<BR><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ul type="square"><li>Studies of animal introductions have traditionally been the preserve of ecologists and natural historians but here it is argued that exotic species are a rich source of cultural evidence with the potential to enhance archaeological interpretations relating to human behaviour and beliefs. </li><li>This paper focuses on the domestic fowl (Gallus gallus), a native of East Asia that spread across Europe during the Neolithic to Iron Age and became well established by the end of the Roman period. </li><li>After reviewing the evidence for the diffusion of chickens and the concept of cockfighting, this paper presents a speculative argument about the impact of domestic fowl on Iron Age and Roman Britain. </li><li>By drawing upon evidence from history, anthropology and human remains analysis, the article explores how the arrival of these new creatures may have helped shape human society, particularly in terms of gender definition and attitudes to violence.</li></ul> </FONT></li></ul> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T10:05" pubdate>02/08/2018 10:05:40</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>