<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Todman (Theo) - Thesis - What Are We? (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PaperSummary_23309.htm">Thesis - What Are We?</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/T/Author_Todman (Theo).htm">Todman (Theo)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: </th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PaperSummary_23309.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_734.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><ul type="disc"><li>This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note '<a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_734.htm">What Are We</A><SUP>1</SUP>?' during my Thesis research, as from mid-March 2018. </li><li><a name="12"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_734.htm">Click here for Note</A>.</li><li>For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Summary" above. </li></ul><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><hr><br><B><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P23309_2">Write-up</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P23309_2"></A></u> (as at 09/05/2018 23:47:02): What are We?</B><BR><br><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P23309_3">Plug Note</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P23309_3"></A></u><ul type="disc"><li>This Note cannot answer this question. Rather, it ll try to consider the sort of desiderata necessary for formulating and answering the question, and for deciding between the various candidate answers. </li><li>For the present, I just mention that I need to distinguish, as candidates for what we are, (human-)<BR>&rarr; <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1265.htm">animals</A><SUP>4</SUP>, <BR>&rarr; <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_113.htm">organisms</A><SUP>5</SUP>, <BR>&rarr; <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_75.htm">persons</A><SUP>6</SUP>, <BR>&rarr; <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_18.htm">bodies</A><SUP>7</SUP>, <BR>&rarr; <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_74.htm">beings</A><SUP>8</SUP> and <BR>&rarr; <a name="7"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_55.htm">brains</A><SUP>9</SUP>. </li><li>Additionally, I need to treat of <BR>&rarr; <a name="8"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_98.htm">selves</A><SUP>10</SUP> <BR>and maybe contrast terms like  <a name="W212W"></a><A HREF = "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mensch" TARGET = "_top">Mensch</A> with  person .</li><li><B>We</B>: the use of the plural is significant. However, the determination of  we as  the sort of entity likely to be reading this paper isn t quite right, even though Dennett and others use similar expressions. Refer to the first parts of <a name="13"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_12/Abstract_12473.htm">Brandom (Robert) - Toward a Normative Pragmatics</A>" in <a name="51"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_02/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_2711.htm">Brandom (Robert) - Making It Explicit: Reasoning, Representing & Discursive Commitment</A>" for inspiration on  We .</li><li><B>Intelligibility</B>: this is a reciprocal relationship. We find others (of  our sort) intelligible, and it is important that they find us intelligible in return. Does this thereby make R =  finds intelligible an equivalence relation, dividing the world into equivalence classes of mutually intelligible individuals, or does R come in degrees and fall prey to <a name="9"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1172.htm">Sorites</A><SUP>11</SUP> paradoxes?</li><li>For my Thesis Chapter on this topic, follow this <a name="10"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_762.htm">link</A><SUP>12</SUP>.</li><li>For a page of Links to this Note, <a href="Notes_734_Links.htm">Click here</a>.</li><li>The reading lists below are somewhat bloated; but, in general, only a small portion of the works cited needs to be addressed in the context of this question. No doubt the best place to start is<BR>&rarr; <a name="14"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_12/Abstract_12470.htm">Olson (Eric) - What Are We?</A>" (the Paper), followed by<BR>&rarr; <a name="52"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_02/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_2710.htm">Olson (Eric) - What are We?</A>" (the Book). </li><li>Works on this topic that <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P23309_13">I ve actually read</A></U><SUB>13</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P23309_13"></A>, <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P23309_14">include</A></U><SUB>14</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P23309_14"></A> the following:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="15"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3803.htm">Baillie (James) - What Am I?</A>", Baillie</li><li><a name="16"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_14/Abstract_14448.htm">Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Big-Tent Metaphysics</A>", Baker</li><li><a name="17"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3674.htm">Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Persons in the Material World</A>", Baker</li><li><a name="18"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5137.htm">Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Precis of 'Persons & Bodies: A Constitution View'</A>", Baker</li><li><a name="19"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_14/Abstract_14452.htm">Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Response to Eric Olson</A>", Baker</li><li><a name="20"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21333.htm">Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Review of 'What Are We? A Study in Personal Ontology' by Eric T. Olson</A>", Baker</li><li><a name="21"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4282.htm">Baker (Lynne Rudder) - What Am I?</A>", Baker</li><li><a name="22"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21015.htm">Belshaw (Christopher) - Review of Paul Snowdon's 'Persons, Animals, Ourselves'</A>", Belshaw</li><li><a name="23"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_23/Abstract_23284.htm">Blatti (Stephan) - Animalism (SEP)</A>", Blatti</li><li><a name="24"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_23/Abstract_23281.htm">Blatti (Stephan) - We Are Animals</A>", Blatti</li><li><a name="25"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_12/Abstract_12473.htm">Brandom (Robert) - Toward a Normative Pragmatics</A>", Brandom</li><li><a name="26"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21758.htm">Claxton (Guy) - Intelligence in the Flesh - Limbering Up: An Introduction</A>", Claxton</li><li><a name="27"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5807.htm">DeGrazia (David) - Are we essentially persons? Olson, Baker, and a reply</A>", DeGrazia</li><li><a name="28"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_00/Abstract_262.htm">Johnston (Mark) - Human Beings</A>", Johnston</li><li><a name="29"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20173.htm">Liao (S. Matthew) - The Organism View Defended</A>", Liao</li><li><a name="30"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5910.htm">Lockwood (Michael) - When Does a Life Begin?</A>", Lockwood</li><li><a name="31"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3586.htm">Nozick (Robert) - The Identity of the Self: Introduction</A>", Nozick</li><li><a name="32"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_12/Abstract_12470.htm">Olson (Eric) - What Are We?</A>", Olson</li><li><a name="33"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3583.htm">Parfit (Derek) - Nagel's Brain</A>", Parfit</li><li><a name="34"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_15/Abstract_15140.htm">Shoemaker (David) - Personal Identity, Rational Anticipation, and Self-Concern</A>", Shoemaker</li><li><a name="35"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21153.htm">Smith (Barry C.), Broks (Paul), Kennedy (A.L.) & Evans (Jules) - What Does It Mean to Be Me?</A>", Smith, etc.</li></ol></li><li>A reading list (where not covered elsewhere) might start with:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="36"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20779.htm">Bailey (Andrew M.) - The Elimination Argument</A>", Bailey</li><li><a name="37"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20778.htm">Bailey (Andrew M.) - You Needn t be Simple</A>", Bailey</li><li><a name="38"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_22/Abstract_22072.htm">Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Animalism vs. Constitutionalism</A>", Baker</li><li><a name="39"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_01/Abstract_1327.htm">Blackburn (Simon) - Has Kant Refuted Parfit?</A>", Blackburn</li><li><a name="53"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6366.htm">Broks (Paul) - Into the Silent Land: Travels in Neuropsychology</A>", Broks</li><li><a name="40"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_15/Abstract_15968.htm">Bynum (Terrell Ward) - Two Philosophers of the Information Age</A>", Bynum</li><li><a name="41"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_13/Abstract_13016.htm">Chitty (Andrew) - First Person Plural Ontology and Praxis</A>", Chitty</li><li><a name="54"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6335.htm">Corcoran (Kevin) - Rethinking Human Nature: A Christian Materialist Alternative to the Soul</A>", Corcoran</li><li><a name="42"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_09/Abstract_9451.htm">Dennett (Daniel) - Natural Freedom</A>", Dennett</li><li><a name="43"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21113.htm">Hershenov (David) - Animals, Persons and Bioethics</A>", Hershenov</li><li><a name="44"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5838.htm">McMahan (Jeff) - Identity</A>", McMahan</li><li><a name="55"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_03/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_3602.htm">Noe (Alva) - Out of Our Heads: Why You Are Not Your Brain, and Other Lessons from the Biology of Consciousness</A>", Noe</li><li><a name="56"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_02/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_2710.htm">Olson (Eric) - What are We?</A>", <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P23309_15">Olson</A></U><SUB>15</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P23309_15"></A></li><li><a name="45"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20709.htm">Parfit (Derek) - We Are Not Human Beings</A>", Parfit</li><li><a name="46"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_07/Abstract_7629.htm">Richards (Janet Radcliffe) - Internicene Strife</A>", Richards</li><li><a name="47"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21010.htm">Snowdon (Paul) - [P & not-A] Cases: An Introduction</A>", Snowdon</li><li><a name="48"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21029.htm">Snowdon (Paul) - The Self and Personal Identity</A>", Snowdon</li><li><a name="49"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_00/Abstract_550.htm">Taylor (Charles) - Responsibility For Self</A>", Taylor</li><li><a name="50"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6980.htm">Wilson (Robert) - Persons, Social Agency, and Constitution</A>", Wilson</li></ol></li><li>This is mostly a <a name="11"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_737.htm">place-holder</A><SUP>16</SUP>. </li></ul><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P23309_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P23309_2"><B>Footnote 2</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (09/05/2018 23:47:02). </li><li><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_734.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A>. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P23309_3"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P23309_3"><B>Footnote 3</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>A number of my philosophical Notes are  promissory notes currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned. </li><li>I ve decided to add some text  whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive  for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.</li><li>As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance. </li><li>The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P23309_13"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P23309_13"><B>Footnote 13</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Frequently I ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note. </li><li>In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time. </li><li>In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course. </li><li>My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P23309_14"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P23309_14"><B>Footnote 14</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>I may have read others in between updates of this Note  in which case they will be marked as such in the  References and Reading List below.</li><li>Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected. </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_P23309_15"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P23309_15"><B>Footnote 15</A></B></U>: |..||.|There are hosts of papers by Olson that touch on this topic, but this book, and the paper of the same name, are enough in this context. <BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - 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