Karmo (Toomas)
Source: Analysis, Vol. 37, No. 4 (Jun., 1977), pp. 147-148
Paper - Abstract

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Author’s Introduction

  1. A stream of water, e.g. the stream running down a rain-soaked windscreen, must be distinct from the water which it at any given moment happens to contain, for one and the same stream may at two distinct moments contain two distinct consignments of water. But if water and stream are distinct, then in what does that relation consist which we describe by saying that the one constitutes the other?
  2. The correct answer to this is perhaps that a stream is a species of disturbance, where a disturbance is definable as an object or entity found in some other object-not in the sense in which a letter may be found in an envelope, or a biscuit in a tin, but in the sense in which a knot may be in a rope, a wrinkle in a carpet, a hole in a perennial border, or a bulge in a cylinder.
  3. One way of telling whether an object X is "in" an object Yin the sense peculiar to disturbances is to enquire whether X can migrate through Y.


See "Bench-Capon (T.J.M.) - A Note on Mr. Karmo's Disturbances" for a response.

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