<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Wikipedia - Thai Language (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PaperSummary_23413.htm">Thai Language</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/W/Author_Wikipedia.htm">Wikipedia</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Wikipedia, July 2018</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=800><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PaperSummary_23413.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PaperCitings_23413.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PapersToNotes_23413.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u>Author's Introduction</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ul type="disc"><li>Thai, Central Thai, or Siamese, is the sole official and national language of Thailand, and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority Thai of Chinese origin. </li><li>It is a member of the Tai group of the Kra Dai language family. </li><li>Over half of its words are borrowed from Pali, Sanskrit, Mon, and Old Khmer. </li><li>It is a tonal and <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P23413_1">analytic</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P23413_1"></A> language.</li><li>Thai also has a complex orthography and system of relational markers. </li><li>Spoken Thai is mutually intelligible with Lao, the language of Laos; the two languages are written with slightly different scripts but are linguistically similar. </li></ul></FONT><BR><u>Link</u>: <ul type="disc"><li>See <a name="W6781W"></a><A HREF = "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thai_language" TARGET = "_top">Wikipedia: Thai Language</A>. </li></ul><BR><u>Notes</u><ul type="disc"><li>The Wikipedia entry presupposes an intimate knowledge of linguistics for a full understanding. </li><li>It's best to skim it on a first reading, and then focus on the bits you need to know. </li><li>There are extensive links to explain the linguistic terms, but it would be easy to get in a complete muddle.</li><li>There are further links at the end of the Wikipedia article, some of which no longer work or which are of dubious benefit. I've extracted those that look most useful.</li><li>The same remarks apply to the <a name="1"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_23/Abstract_23414.htm">Wikipedia - Thai Alphabet</A>" article as to this one - only more so! Just skim it and focus on the bits you need. </li></ul><BR><u>Other Useful Links</u> <ul type="disc"><li>Thai Notes: <a name="W6789W"></a><A HREF = "http://thai-notes.com/index.shtml" TARGET = "_top">Thai Notes</A><BR>&rarr; Pronunciation / transcription guide: <a name="W6818W"></a><A HREF = "http://thai-notes.com/reading/lesson90.shtml" TARGET = "_top">Thai Pronunciation Guide</A><BR>&rarr; Complete Guide to the Script: <a name="W6791W"></a><A HREF = "http://thai-notes.com/reading/index.shtml" TARGET = "_top">Thai Notes Reading Index</A>. Really useful!<BR>&rarr; FSI Language Course: <a name="W6790W"></a><A HREF = "http://thai-notes.com/FSITLC/index.shtml#!Index" TARGET = "_top">Foreign Service Institute Thai Language Course</A></li><li>Virtual Thai Keyboard: <a name="W6785W"></a><A HREF = "https://english-thai-dictionary.com/index.php?action=thaikeyboard;PHPSESSID=6hk6ckcbhteplo1osnprq4iko3" TARGET = "_top">Thai Keyboard</A></li><li>Wikipedia Thai Alphabet: <a name="W6782W"></a><A HREF = "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thai_alphabet" TARGET = "_top">Wikipedia: Thai Alphabet</A></li><li>Thai-Language.com: <a name="W6788W"></a><A HREF = "http://www.thai-language.com/" TARGET = "_top">Thai-Language.com</A></li><li>Wiki Voyage Thai Phrasebook: <a name="W6783W"></a><A HREF = "https://en.wikivoyage.org/wiki/Thai_phrasebook" TARGET = "_top">Wikivoyage: Thai Phrasebook</A></li><li>English-Thai Online Dictionary: <a name="W6784W"></a><A HREF = "https://english-thai-dictionary.com/" TARGET = "_top">Two-way English-Thai and Thai-English Dictionary</A></li><li>Thai-English Online Dictionary (1): <a name="W6786W"></a><A HREF = "http://www.thai-language.com/dict/" TARGET = "_top">Thai-Language.com Thai-English Dictionary</A></li><li>Thai-English Online Dictionary (2): <a name="W6787W"></a><A HREF = "https://www.thai2english.com/" TARGET = "_top">Thai to English Translation Tool</A></li></ul><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P23413_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P23413_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>An analytic language is a language that primarily conveys relationships between words in sentences by way of helper words (particles, prepositions, etc.) and word order, as opposed to utilizing inflections (changing the form of a word to convey its role in the sentence). </li></ul><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T10:07" pubdate>02/08/2018 10:07:21</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>