<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Wikipedia - Thai Alphabet (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PaperSummary_23414.htm">Thai Alphabet</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/W/Author_Wikipedia.htm">Wikipedia</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Wikipedia, July 2018</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=800><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PaperSummary_23414.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PaperCitings_23414.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_23/PapersToNotes_23414.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u>Author's Introduction</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ul type="disc"><li>The Thai alphabet is used to write the Thai, Southern Thai and other languages in Thailand. </li><li>It has 44 consonant letters, 15 vowel symbols that combine into at least 28 vowel forms, and four tone diacritics.</li><li>Although commonly referred to as the "Thai alphabet", the script is in fact not a true alphabet but an abugida, a writing system in which each consonant may invoke an inherent vowel sound. In the case of the Thai script this is an implied 'a' or 'o'. </li><li>Consonants are written horizontally from left to right, with vowels arranged above, below, to the left, or to the right of the corresponding consonant, or in a combination of positions.</li><li>Thai has its own set of Thai numerals that are based on the Hindu-Arabic numeral system, but the standard western Hindu-Arabic numerals are also commonly used. </li></ul> </FONT><BR><u>Link</u>: <ul type="disc"><li>See <a name="W6782W"></a><A HREF = "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thai_alphabet" TARGET = "_top">Wikipedia: Thai Alphabet</A>. </li></ul><BR><u>Notes</u><ul type="disc"><li>The Wikipedia entry presupposes an intimate knowledge of linguistics for a full understanding. </li><li>It's best to skim it on a first reading, and then focus on the bits you need to know. </li><li>There are extensive links to explain the linguistic terms, but it would be easy to get in a complete muddle.</li><li>There are further links at the end of the Wikipedia article, some of which no longer work or which are of dubious benefit. I've extracted those that look most useful.</li><li>The same remarks apply to the <a name="1"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_23/Abstract_23413.htm">Wikipedia - Thai Language</A>" article as to this one, though it's not quite as bad! Just skim it and focus on the bits you need. </li></ul><BR><u>Other Useful Links</u> <ul type="disc"><li>Thai Alphabet: <a name="W6819W"></a><A HREF = "https://www.thaialphabet.net/" TARGET = "_top">Thai Alphabet</A></li><li>Omniglot Thai: <a name="W6820W"></a><A HREF = "http://www.omniglot.com/writing/thai.htm" TARGET = "_top">Omniglot Thai</A>. This also has a lot of links, including <a name="W6821W"></a><A HREF = "https://nigelcobbett.weebly.com/" TARGET = "_top">Nigel Cobbett's 'A New Life in Thailand'</A>.</li><li>Thai Consonants: <a name="W6822W"></a><A HREF = "http://www.cnx-translation.com/forum/download/file.php?id=3" TARGET = "_top">Thai Consonants One-pager (download)</A>.</li><li>Thai Vowels: <a name="W6823W"></a><A HREF = "http://www.cnx-translation.com/forum/download/file.php?id=4" TARGET = "_top">Thai Vowels One-pager (download)</A>.</li><li>See also those sites linked to from <a name="2"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_23/Abstract_23413.htm">Wikipedia - Thai Language</A>". </li></ul><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T10:07" pubdate>02/08/2018 10:07:23</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>