Source: Wikipedia, last modified on 1 January 2014
Paper - Abstract

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  1. Vipassana (Pali) or vipasyana (Sanskrit) in the Buddhist tradition means insight into the true nature of reality. In the Theravada tradition this specifically refers to insight into the three marks of existence: impermanence, suffering or unsatisfactoriness, and the realisation of non-self.
  2. Vipassana meditation in conjunction with Samatha meditation is a necessary part of all Buddhist traditions. Therefore, it is important to distinguish Vipassana on the one hand, and the Vipassana movement on the other, which was represented in the Theravada tradition by Ledi Sayadaw and Mogok Sayadaw and popularised by Mahasi Sayadaw, V. R. Dhiravamsa and S. N. Goenka.

  1. Etymology
  2. Insight
    • 2.1 Origins
    • 2.2 Sudden insight
    • 2.3 Relation with samatha
  3. Vipassana meditation
    • 3.1 Theravada
      → 3.1.1 Insight in the Four Noble Truths
      → 3.1.2 Vipassana movement
      → 3.1.3 Vipassana-meditation in the modern Vipassana movement
      → 3.1.4 Stages of Jhana in the Vipassana movement
    • 3.2 Northern tradition and Mahayana
      → 3.2.1 East Asian Mahayana
      → 3.2.2 Tibetan Buddhism
      → 3.2.3 Mahamudra and Dzogchen
  4. See also
    • 4.1 Buddhism
    • 4.2 Christianity
  5. Notes
  6. References
  7. Sources
  8. External links
    • 8.1 History
    • 8.2 Background
    • 8.3 Practice


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  1. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2019
  2. Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)

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