- This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note 'Abortion1' during my Thesis research, as from 2018.
- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Statistics" above.
Write-up2 (as at 13/05/2020 18:57:36): Abortion
- The morality of abortion is a large and important issue, but is not my major concern except insofar as it impinges on the topic of Personal Identity.
- Our views on Personal Identity will have an impact on our views of the morality of abortion, though not in any straightforward manner.
- More importantly – and regrettably so in my opinion – views on the morality of abortion can have an impact on one’s views of personal identity. This is the wrong way round, and violates the fact/value distinction. While ethical, political or religious views might influence our preference for certain metaphysical views, they should not constrain our actual beliefs, which should be responses to how things are4, and to which our other beliefs should conform, however disappointing that might be.
- I’ll leave further discussion for now. Enough to say that I’ll not intend to wade in too far into this moral morass, though I will need to review the foundational papers on the moral implications of abortion.
- This Note relates to various others in this nexus, on which I have – or will have – more to say:-
- The note on Pregnancy9 raises questions of what (to put it rather positively) abortion actually achieves. According to the standard “container model”, abortion kills a distinct, though temporarily dependent, being. However, according to the “parthood model”, abortion only removes a part of the (so-called) “foster”.
- For a page of Links10 to this Note, Click here.
- Works on this topic that I’ve actually read11, include the following:-
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Embryos and StemCell Research", Baker
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - When Do Persons Begin and End?", Baker
- "Brody (Baruch) - Abortion and the Sanctity of Human Life: Introduction", Brody
- "Brody (Baruch) - Abortion and the Sanctity of Human Life: Epilogue", Brody
- "Carter (William) - Do Zygotes Become People?", Carter
- "DeGrazia (David) - Human Identity and Bioethics: Introduction", DeGrazia
- "Feldman (Fred) - Abortion and the Failure to Conceive", Feldman
- "Finn (Suki) - Bun or bump?", Finn
- "Glover (Jonathan) - Causing Death and Saving Lives", Glover12
- "Harman (Elizabeth) - Creation Ethics: The Moral Status of Early Fetuses and the Ethics of Abortion", Harman
- "Kazez (Jean) - The Philosophical Parent: Asking the Hard Questions About Having and Raising Children", Kazez13
- "Lizza (John) - Persons, Humanity, & the Definition of Death: Preface", Lizza
- "Lockwood (Michael) - When Does a Life Begin?", Lockwood
- "Moreland (J.P.) & Rae (Scott) - The Moral & Metaphysical Status of the Unborn: Abortion and Fetal Research", Moreland & Rae
- "Mulgan (Tim) - Critical Notice of Jeff McMahan's The Ethics of Killing: Problems at the Margins of Life", Mulgan
- "Rodger (Daniel), Blackshaw (Bruce P.) & Wilcox (Clinton) - Why arguments against infanticide remain convincing", Rodger, etc
- "Shoemaker (David) - Moral Issues at the Beginning of Life, Part I: Killing", Shoemaker
- "Tollefsen (Christopher) - Abortion and the Human Animal", Tollefsen
- "Velleman (David) - Beyond Price: Essays on Life and Death - Introduction", Velleman
- A further reading list might start with:-
- "Baird (Robert M.) & Rosenbaum (Stuart E.), Eds. - The Ethics of Abortion: Pro-Life Vs. Pro-Choice", Baird & Rosenbaum
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - When Does a Person Begin?", Baker
- "Beckwith (Francis J.) - Defending Abortion Philosophically: A Review of David Boonin's A Defense of Abortion", Beckwith
- "Brill (H. Skott) - The Future-Like-Ours Argument, Personal Identity, and the Twinning Dilemma", Brill
- "Brody (Baruch) - Abortion and the Sanctity of Human Life : a Philosophical View", Brody
- "Camosy (Charles) - Concern for our vulnerable prenatal and neonatal children: a brief reply to Giubilini and Minerva", Camosy
- "Chappell (Tim), Chappell (Sophie Grace) - The Relevance of Metaphysics to Bioethics: A Reply to Earl Conee", Chappell
- "Conee (Earl) - Metaphysics and the morality of abortion", Conee
- "DeGrazia (David) - Identity, Killing, and the Boundaries of Our Existence", DeGrazia
- "DeGrazia (David) - Prenatal Identity: Genetic Interventions, Reproductive Choices", DeGrazia
- "Diamond (James J.) - Abortion, Animation, and Biological Hominization", Diamond
- "Engelhardt (H. Tristram) - The Ontology of Abortion", Engelhardt
- "English (Jane) - Abortion and the Concept of a Person", English
- "Feinberg (Joel) - Abortion", Feinberg
- "Forrester (Mary) - Problems and Persons: Introduction", Forrester
- "Forrester (Mary) - The Central Feature of Personhood", Forrester
- "Forrester (Mary) - Persons, Animals, and Fetuses: Summary", Forrester
- "Giubilini (Alberto) & Minerva (Francesca) - After-birth abortion: why should the baby live?", Giubilini & Minerva
- "Grobstein (Clifford) - Science and the Unborn: Choosing Human Futures", Grobstein
- "Hall (Timothy) - Abortion, the Right to Life, and Dependence", Hall
- "Hare (R.M.) - Abortion and the Golden Rule", Hare
- "Hershenov (David) - Abortions and Distortions: An Analysis of Morally Irrelevant Factors in Thomson's Violinist Thought Experiment", Hershenov
- "Hershenov (David) - Embryos, Four-Dimensionalism and Moral Status", Hershenov14
- "Hershenov (David) - Explaining the Psychological Appeal of Viability as a Cutoff Point", Hershenov
- "Hershenov (David) - How a Hylomorphic Metaphysics Constrains the Abortion Debate", Hershenov
- "Hershenov (David) - Review of David DeGrazia’s Human Identity and Bioethics", Hershenov
- "Hershenov (David) & Koch-Hershenov (Rose J.) - The Relevance of Metaphysics to the Morality of Abortion", Hershenov
- "Hershenov (David) & Taylor (Adam P.) - Dualism, Panpsychism, and the Bioethical Status of Brainless Embryos", Hershenov
- "Hudson (Hud) - Pre-Persons, Post-Persons, Non-Persons, and Person-Parts", Hudson
- "Hudson (Hud) - Temporal Parts and Moral Personhood", Hudson
- "Kenyon (Edwin) - The Dilemma of Abortion", Kenyon
- "Koritansky (Peter) - The Role of Philosophy in the Contemporary Abortion Debate.", Koritansky
- "Lee (Patrick) - A Christian Philosopher’s View of Recent Directions in the Abortion Debate", Lee
- "Little (Margaret Olivia) - Abortion, Intimacy, and the Duty to Gestate", Little15
- "Manninen (Bertha Alvarez) - Yes, the baby should live: a pro-choice response to Giubilini and Minerva", Manninen
- "Marquis (Don) - Why Abortion is Immoral", Marquis
- "McGee (Andrew J.) - The moral status of babies", McGee
- "McMahan (Jeff) - Beginnings", McMahan
- "Morowitz (Harold J.) & Trefil (James) - The Facts of Life: Science and the Abortion Controversy", Morowitz & Trefil
- "Pluhar (Werner S.) - Abortion and Simple Consciousness", Pluhar
- "Quinn (Warren S.) - Abortion: Identity and Loss", Quinn
- "Rini (Regina) - Abortion, Ultrasound, and Moral Persuasion", Rini
- "Singer (Peter) - Uncertain Beginnings", Singer
- "Sterba (James P.) - Abortion, Distant Peoples, and Future Generations", Sterba
- "Thomson (Judith Jarvis) - A Defense of Abortion", Thomson
- "Tooley (Michael) - Abortion and Infanticide", Tooley
- "Warren (Mary Anne) - Abortion", Warren
- "Wyatt (John) - Matters of Life and Death", Wyatt
- This is mostly a place-holder16.
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (13/05/2020 18:57:36).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
- This remark assumes that there is a “way things are” that is independent of the desires and motivations of human beings. This is denied by Yuval Noah Harari; see also "Blackburn (Simon) - Truth: A Guide for the Perplexed".
- I do not wish to deny that our ethical, political and religious views can be responses to how things are, just that they were often responses to how things seemed to us – or people we respected – at formative times of our lives, and then get entrenched and remain impervious to evidence to the contrary.
- This is a well-known and important book that I read a long time ago, but which doesn’t seem to have been referenced hitherto.
Footnote 14: Footnote 15:
- See Chapter 5: “In the Beginning: What's going on in there?”
- This paper might be as well considered in the Note on Pregnancy.
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2020