- This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note Hybrid Theories1 during my Thesis research, as from 2020.
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- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Statistics" above.
Write-up2 (as at 21/10/2020 09:21:36): Hybrid Theories
- I fear I may have been suffering from a terminological muddle when I first set up this Note with the title “Disjunctivism”, not having known how the term is generally used in analytic philosophy, where it is a term of art in areas of philosophy other than Personal Identity, in particular in Epistemology or in treating of perception in the Philosophy of Mind.
- What I’d intended was to say that the term “disjunctivism” stems from that of “disjunction4” – the “or” operator in philosophical logic (in contrast to “conjunction” – namely – “and”).
- However, … all the references to “disjunctivism” that appeared on-line last I looked, and within my own database, seem to refer to other usages.
- I ought really, therefore, to remove all references to “disjunctivism” from this Note, but have decided to retain them for the time being until I get a better handle on what these usages are.
- I’d had a vague memory of reading the introduction to someone’s PhD Thesis5 that used “disjunctivism” in the way I’d like, but I couldn’t find it.
- I’ve now remembered that the correct term is the now title of this Note – a Hybrid Theory – and the paper I had in mind was "Kotak (Aakash) - The Hybrid Theory of Personal Identity".
- Of course, there are Hybrid theories that relate to philosophical (and other) questions other than those related to Personal Identity. A number appear in the page of links below.
- In the philosophy of personal identity, I’d like the term “Hybrid Theory” to apply to (to put things somewhat pejoratively) “cake and eat it theories” where you’re faced with an awkward choice between two inconsistent theories, but want – in certain circumstances – to choose the best parts of each. In other words, we might in general want to follow one theory, but in certain awkward cases, be willing – or even strongly inclined – to follow the other.
- My own temptation is to espouse animalism6 but also give a high regard to the First Person Perspective7 so that – if this FPP8 is maintained throughout some adventure – it trumps whatever animalism has to say. This applies particularly to Brain Transplants9, though there are ways out of this conundrum – other than adopting a Hybrid theory or simply denying the “brain transplant intuition”.
- In "Olson (Eric) - What Are We? What Now?", Eric Olson uses the term “disjunctivism” towards the end of Section 6 (“Theories of Composition”) to refer to a particular theory of composition “… that there are no parts of organisms except tiny particles”. I’m not yet sure whether or not this usage is eccentric, but that’s not what I intend by the term.
- I read somewhere the claim that David Wiggins is a disjunctivist with respect to personal identity. I forget where, and I’m not sure what was intended by describing him thus. Maybe he was alleged to be a Hybrid-theorist?
- For a Page of Links10 to this Note, Click here. I included “Disjunction” as a cognate, along with “Disjunctivism” and “Disjunctivist”, but it only came up with lots of items in logic and language, so I was going to removed it. But as I’m confused on the topic, I’ve left it for now, but I should probably purge the list of all this.
- Works on this topic that I’ve actually read11 include the following:-
- A further reading list might start with:-
- "Aloni (Mari) - Disjunction", Aloni
- "Blatti (Stephan) - Disjunctivism", Blatti
- "Kotak (Aakash) - The Hybrid Theory of Personal Identity", Kotak
- "Olson (Eric) - What Are We? What Now?", Olson
- "Thau (Michael) - What is Disjunctivism?", Thau
- This is mostly a place-holder12.
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (21/10/2020 09:21:36).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
- As detailed – amongst other uses of “disjunction – in the SEP article "Aloni (Mari) - Disjunction".
- In common usage, a “disjunction” is often used as implying a lack of connection – if not a contrast or contradiction – between two ideas.
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- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2020