<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul (Hofstadter (Douglas) & Dennett (Daniel), Eds.) - Theo Todman's Book Collection (Book-Paper Abstracts)</title> <link href="../../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../../TT_ICO.png" /> </head> <a name="Top"></a> <BODY> <div id="header"> <HR><H1>Theo Todman's Book Collection (Book-Paper Abstracts)</H1></div> <hr><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><tr><td colspan =2><A HREF = "../BookSummary_105.htm">The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul</A></td></tr><tr><td colspan =2><A HREF = "../../../Authors/H/Author_Hofstadter (Douglas).htm">Hofstadter (Douglas)</a> & <A HREF = "../../../Authors/D/Author_Dennett (Daniel).htm">Dennett (Daniel)</a>, Eds.</td></tr><tr><td colspan =2>This Page provides (where held) the <b>Abstract</b> of the above <b>Book</b> and those of all the <b>Papers</b> contained in it.</td></tr><tr><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td><td><A HREF = "../BookCitings_105.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Book</A></td></tr></tr></TABLE></CENTER><hr> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>BOOK ABSTRACT: </B><BR><BR><U>Inside Cover Blurb</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>In this unique, mind-jolting book, Douglas Hofstadter, the author of <em>Godel, Escher, Bach</em>, the intellectual best seller that won the 1980 Pulitzer Prize, and philosopher Daniel Dennett, author of the widely acclaimed <em>Brainstorms</em>, explore the meaning of self and consciousness through the perspectives of literature, artificial intelligence, psychology, and much more. </li><li>What  if anything  is the soul? Here is a book that goes as deeply into the problem of self and self-consciousness as anything written before. But instead of dreary, jargon-filled arguments, the reader will encounter strange <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">thought experiments</A><SUP>1</SUP>, mind-boggling fantasies, and humorous dialogues, all designed to entice the imagination into new and unexpected places. </li><li>In selections that range from the fiction of Borges and Stanislaw Lem to scientific speculations about thinking machines, artificial intelligence, and the nature of the brain, Hofstadter and Dennett present a variety of conflicting visions of the self and the soul, each with its own truth and dangerous simplifications. </li><li>This remarkable book has something to upset everyone the hard-nosed materialist as well as the believer in spirits and reincarnation. But, like <em>Godel, Escher, Bach</em> and <em>Brainstorms</em>, it is a work of both art and science that will instruct, charm, and delight for years to come. </li></ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><B>BOOK COMMENT: </B><BR><BR>Basic Books, NY, 1981</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_975.htm">Borges (Jorge Luis) - Borges and I</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_993.htm">Borges (Jorge Luis) - The Circular Ruins</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_989.htm">Cherniak (Christopher) - The Riddle of the Universe and Its Solution</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_982.htm">Dawkins (Richard) - Selfish Genes and Selfish Memes</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_07/PaperSummary_7972.htm">Dennett (Daniel) - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul: Introduction</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_976.htm">Harding (D.E.) - On Having No Head</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_996.htm">Hofstadter (Douglas) - A Conversation with Einstein's Brain</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_983.htm">Hofstadter (Douglas) - Prelude & Ant Fugue</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_978.htm">Hofstadter (Douglas) - The Turing Test: A Coffeehouse Conversation</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_04/PaperSummary_4186.htm">Hofstadter (Douglas) & Dennett (Daniel) - Reflections of Nagel's What Is It Like To Be a Bat?</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_04/PaperSummary_4185.htm">Hofstadter (Douglas) & Dennett (Daniel) - Reflections of Searle's Minds, Brains, And Programs</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>COMMENT: </B>Comments on "<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_00/Abstract_678.htm">Searle (John) - Minds, Brains, and Programs</A>".</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_987.htm">Leiber (Justin) - Beyond Rejection</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR>The (male) protagonist wakes up in a female body, the result of a mind implant</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_991.htm">Lem (Stanislaw) - Non Serviam</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_979.htm">Lem (Stanislaw) - The Princess Ineffabelle</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_990.htm">Lem (Stanislaw) - The Seventh Sally or How Trurl's Own Perfection Led to No Good</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_980.htm">Miedaner (Terrel) - The Soul of Martha, a Beast</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_986.htm">Miedaner (Terrel) - The Soul of the Mark III Beast</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_977.htm">Morowitz (Harold J.) - Rediscovering the Mind</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_35.htm">Nagel (Thomas) - What is it Like to Be a Bat?</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Block, Flanagan & Guzeldere - The Nature of Consciousness<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><u>Author s Introduction</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Consciousness is what makes the mind-body problem really intractable. Perhaps that is why current discussions of the problem give it little attention or get it obviously wrong. The recent wave of reductionist euphoria has produced several analyses of mental phenomena and mental concepts designed to explain the possibility of some variety of materialism, psychophysical identification, or reduction. </li><li>But the problems dealt with are those common to this type of reduction and other types, and what makes the mind-body problem unique, and unlike the water-H20 problem or the Turing machine-IBM machine problem or the lightning-electrical discharge problem or the gene-DNA problem or the oak tree-hydrocarbon problem, is ignored. </li></ol> </FONT><BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>COMMENT: </B><ul type="disc"><li>Originally appeared in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 83, No. 4 (Oct., 1974), pp. 435-450</li><li>From "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_8.htm">Nagel (Thomas) - Mortal Questions</A>"; </li><li>also in "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_145.htm">Rosenthal (David), Ed. - The Nature of Mind</A>", </li><li>"<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_105.htm">Hofstadter (Douglas) & Dennett (Daniel), Eds. - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul</A>" </li><li>& in "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_173.htm">Block (Ned), Ed. - Readings in Philosophy of Psychology - Vol 1</A>"</li></ul></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_997.htm">Nozick (Robert) - Fiction</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_988.htm">Rucker (Rudy) - Software</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_985.htm">Sanford (David H.) - Where Was I?</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_678.htm">Searle (John) - Minds, Brains, and Programs</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Rosenthal - The Nature of Mind<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Write-up <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1224.htm">Note</A><SUP>1</SUP><BR><BR><U>Philosophers Index Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>I distinguish between strong and weak artificial intelligence (AI). </li><li>According to strong AI, appropriately programmed computers literally have cognitive states, and therefore the problems are psychological theories. </li><li>I argue that strong AI must be false, since a human agent could instantiate the program and still not have the appropriate mental states. </li><li>I examine some arguments against this claim, and I explore some consequences of the fact that human and animal brains are the causal bases of existing phenomena. </li></ol></FONT><BR><U>BBS-Online</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ul type="disc"><li>This article can be viewed as an attempt to explore the consequences of two propositions. <ol type="1"><li>Intentionality in human beings (and animals) is a product of causal features of the brain I assume this is an empirical fact about the actual causal relations between mental processes and brains. It says simply that certain brain processes are sufficient for intentionality. </li><li>Instantiating a computer program is never by itself a sufficient condition of intentionality. The main argument of this paper is directed at establishing this claim</li></ol></li><li>The form of the argument is to show how a human agent could instantiate the program and still not have the relevant intentionality. </li><li>These two propositions have the following consequences <ol start = "3" type="1"><li>The explanation of how the brain produces intentionality cannot be that it does it by instantiating a computer program. This is a strict logical consequence of 1 and 2. </li><li>Any mechanism capable of producing intentionality must have causal powers equal to those of the brain. This is meant to be a trivial consequence of 1. </li><li>Any attempt literally to create intentionality artificially (strong AI) could not succeed just by designing programs but would have to duplicate the causal powers of the human brain. This follows from 2 and 4. </li></ol> </li></ul></FONT><BR><U>Another Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>"Could a machine think?" </li><li>On the argument advanced here only a machine could think, and only very special kinds of machines, namely brains and machines with internal causal powers equivalent to those of brains.</li><li>And that is why strong AI has little to tell us about thinking, since it is not about machines but about programs, and no program by itself is sufficient for thinking. </li></ol></FONT><BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>COMMENT: </B><ul type="disc"><li>Originally in The Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3/417424. </li><li>Also in <BR>&rarr; "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_218.htm">Haugeland (John) - Mind Design II</A>", <BR>&rarr; "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_105.htm">Hofstadter (Douglas) & Dennett (Daniel), Eds. - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul</A>", <BR>&rarr; "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_178.htm">Boden (Margaret), Ed. - The Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence: Oxford Readings in Philosophy</A>".</li><li>For a prcis, see this <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1224.htm">Note</A><SUP>2</SUP>.</li><li>For a host of criticism from the same issue of BBS, and Searle s replies, see "<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_00/Abstract_746.htm">Searle (John) - Minds, Brains, and Programs: Author's Response to Peer Review</A>".</li><li>Photocopy from BBS filed in "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_05/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_5978.htm">Various - Papers on Philosophy of Psychology Boxes: Vol 2 (G-Z)</A>". </li></ul></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_995.htm">Smullyan (Raymond) - An Epistemological Nightmare</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_994.htm">Smullyan (Raymond) - An Unfortunate Dualist</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_992.htm">Smullyan (Raymond) - Is God a Taoist?</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_406.htm">Turing (Alan) - Computing Machinery and Intelligence</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Haugeland - Mind Design II<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><U>Philosophers Index Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">In this article the author considers the question "can machines think?" the import of the discussion is on "imitation intelligence" as the author proposes that the best strategy for a machine to have is one that tries to provide answers that would naturally be given by man. (Staff)</ol></FONT><BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>COMMENT: </B><ul type="disc"><li>Also in "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_105.htm">Hofstadter (Douglas) & Dennett (Daniel), Eds. - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul</A>" </li><li>and in "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_178.htm">Boden (Margaret), Ed. - The Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence: Oxford Readings in Philosophy</A>". </li><li>Printout filed in "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_05/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_5978.htm">Various - Papers on Philosophy of Psychology Boxes: Vol 2 (G-Z)</A>".</li></ul></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_981.htm">Wheelis (Allen) - Spirit</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_984.htm">Zuboff (Arnold) - The Story of a Brain</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hofstadter & Dennett - The Mind's I - Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul<BR></P> <a name="ColourConventions"></a><hr><br><B><U>Text Colour Conventions</U> (see <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</B><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> </center> <BR><HR><BR><center> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T02:20" pubdate>02/08/2018 02:20:53</time> <br><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A> </TD></TR><TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>