Word & Object
Quine (W.V.)
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BOOK ABSTRACT:

Cover Blurb

    Language consists of dispositions, socially instilled, to respond observably to socially observable stimuli. Such is the point of view from which a noted philosopher and logician examines the notion of meaning and the linguistic mechanisms of objective reference. In the course of the discussion, Professor Quine pinpoints the difficulties involved in translation, brings to light the anomalies and conflicts implicit in our language's referential apparatus, clarifies semantic problems connected with the imputation of existence, and marshals reasons for admitting or repudiating each of various categories of supposed objects. He argues that the notion of a language-transcendent "sentence meaning" must on the whole be rejected; meaningful studies in the semantics of reference can only be directed toward substantially the same language in which they are conducted.

Contents
  1. Language and Truth – 1
  2. Translation and Meaning – 26
  3. The Ontogenesis of Reference – 80
  4. Vagaries of Reference – 125
  5. Regimentation – 157
  6. Flight from Intension – 191
  7. Ontic Decision – 233
    Bibliographical References – 277
    Index – 287



"Quine (W.V.) - Referential Opacity"

Source: Harnish (Robert M.) - Basic Topics in the Philosophy of Language


Abstract1
  • Even though Frege (1892) first discovered the phenomena of referential opacity (in our tradition), Quine gave us its current terminology.
  • Here he introduces the notions of a purely referential position (in a sentence and in a complex referring expression), the substitution of identity as a test for transparency, opacity, quotation (versus spelling), scope and prepositional attitudes.
  • All in Quine's distinctive style, which seems to be more accessible and hence more teachable here than in his widely reprinted (1956) article "Quine (W.V.) - Quantifiers and Propositional Attitudes".


COMMENT: Taken from "Quine (W.V.) - Word & Object".




In-Page Footnotes ("Quine (W.V.) - Referential Opacity")

Footnote 1: Taken from "Harnish (Robert M.) - Basic Topics in the Philosophy of Language: Introduction".



"Quine (W.V.) - Language and Truth"

Source: Quine - Word & Object, Chapter 1


Sections
    1. Beginning with ordinary things – 1
    2. The objective pull; or, e pluribus unum – 5
    3. The interanimation of sentences – 9
    4. Ways of learning words – 13.
    5. Evidence – 17
    6. Posits and truth – 21



"Quine (W.V.) - Translation and Meaning"

Source: Quine - Word & Object, Chapter 2


Sections
    7. First steps of radical translation – 26
    8. Stimulation and stimulus meaning – 31
    9. Occasion sentences. Intrusive information – 35
    10. Observation sentences – 40
    11. Intrasubjective synonymy of occasion sentences – 46
    12. Synonymy of terms – 51
    13. Translating logical connectives – 57
    14. Synonymous and analytic sentences – 61
    15. Analytical hypotheses – 68
    16. On failure to perceive the indeterminacy – 73



"Quine (W.V.) - The Ontogenesis of Reference"

Source: Quine - Word & Object, Chapter 3


Sections
    17. Words and qualities – 80
    18. Phonetic norms – 85
    19. Divided reference – 90
    20. Predication – 95
    21. Demonstratives. Attributives – 100
    22. Relative terms. Four phases of reference – 105
    23. Relative clauses. Indefinite singular terms – 110
    24. Identity – 114
    25. Abstract terms – 118



"Quine (W.V.) - Vagaries of Reference"

Source: Quine - Word & Object, Chapter 4


Sections
    26. Vagueness – 125
    27. Ambiguity of terms – 129
    28. Some ambiguities of syntax – 134
    29. Ambiguity of scope – 138
    30. Referential opacity – 141
    31. Opacity and indefinite terms – 146
    32. Opacity in certain verbs – 151



"Quine (W.V.) - Regimentation"

Source: Quine - Word & Object, Chapter 5


Sections
    33. Aims and claims of regimentation – 157
    34. Quantifiers and other operators – 161
    35. Variables and referential opacity – 166
    36. Time. Confinement of general terms – 170
    37. Names reparsed – 176
    38. Conciliatory remarks. Elimination of singular terms – 181
    39. Definition and the double life – 186



"Quine (W.V.) - Flight from Intension"

Source: Quine - Word & Object, Chapter 6


Sections
    40. Propositions and eternal sentences – 191
    41. Modality1 – 195
    42. Propositions as meanings – 200
    43. Toward dispensing with intensional objects – 206
    44. Other objects for the attitudes – 211
    45. The double standard – 216
    46. Dispositions and conditionals – 222
    47. A framework for theory – 226



"Quine (W.V.) - Ontic Decision"

Source: Quine - Word & Object, Chapter 7


Sections
    48. Nominalism and realism – 233
    49. False predilections. Ontic commitment – 238
    50. Entia non grata – 243
    51. Limit myths – 248
    52. Geometrical objects – 251
    53. The ordered pair as philosophical paradigm – 257
    54. Numbers, mind, and body – 262
    55. Whither classes? – 266 -
    56. Semantic ascent – 270



Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
  1. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2019
  2. Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)



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