An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science
O'Hear (Anthony)
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BOOK ABSTRACT:

Back Cover Blurb

  1. This book is a balanced and up-to-date introduction to the philosophy of science. It covers all the main topics within the area, as well as helping the student to consider the wider moral and social reality of science.
  2. The discussions range over the growth of knowledge of science, the status of scientific theories and their relationship to observational data, the extent to which scientific theories rest on unprovable paradigms, and the nature of scientific explanations. In later chapters the author considers probability, scientific reductionism, the relationship between science and technology, and the relationship between scientific and other values.
  3. The author's style is free from jargon, and although he makes use of scientific examples, these should be intelligible to those without much scientific background. At the same time, the questions he raises are not merely academic, and should be of interest and concern to scientists as well as philosophers.

BOOK COMMENT:

Clarendon, Oxford, 1990 reprint, Paperback



"O'Hear (Anthony) - Science as an Intellectual Activity"

Source: O'Hear - An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science, 1989, Chapter 1


Sections
  1. Growth of Knowledge – 3
  2. Objectivity and the External World – 6
  3. Prediction and Explanation – 8



"O'Hear (Anthony) - Induction"

Source: O'Hear - An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science, 1989, Chapter 2


Sections
  1. Baconian Induction – 12
  2. Presuppositionless Observation – 16
  3. The Role of Imagination in Scientific Theorizing – 21
  4. Inductive Proof – 25



"O'Hear (Anthony) - Falsification"

Source: O'Hear - An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science, 1989, Chapter 3


Sections
  1. Popperian Philosophy of Science – 35
  2. A Bayesian Approach – 41



"O'Hear (Anthony) - Science and Non-Science"

Source: O'Hear - An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science, 1989, Chapter 4


Sections
  1. The Demarcation Criterion – 54
  2. Are Theories ever Falsified? – 60
  3. Kuhnian Relativism – 64
  4. The Relationship between the History and Philosophy of Science – 75



"O'Hear (Anthony) - Observation and Theory"

Source: O'Hear - An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science, 1989, Chapter 5


Sections
  1. Observational Common Ground between Theories – 82
  2. Observation and Theory – 89
  3. Empiricism – 94
  4. Unobservability and Underdetermination of Theory by Data – 97



"O'Hear (Anthony) - Scientific Realism"

Source: O'Hear - An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science, 1989, Chapter 6


Sections
  1. Positivism – 106
  2. The Inference to the Best Explanation – 111
  3. Scientific Laws and the Representation of Reality – 123
  4. The Absolute View of the World – 130
  5. Partial Pictures: Schrodinger's Cat – 136



"O'Hear (Anthony) - Probability"

Source: O'Hear - An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science, 1989, Chapter 7


Sections
  1. Probabilistic Explanations – 144
  2. Interpretations of Probability – 155



"O'Hear (Anthony) - Scientific Reductions"

Source: O'Hear - An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science, 1989, Chapter 8


Sections
  1. Reductions in the Physical Sciences – 179
  2. Criteria for Reduction – 186



"O'Hear (Anthony) - Science and Culture"

Source: O'Hear - An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science, 1989, Chapter 9


Sections
  1. Science as Mythology – 202
  2. Myths and Science – 210
  3. Science and Technology – 216
  4. Science and Value – 223



Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
  1. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2019
  2. Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)



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