<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Naming and Necessity (Kripke (Saul)) - Theo Todman's Book Collection (Book-Paper Abstracts)</title> <link href="../../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../../TT_ICO.png" /> </head> <a name="Top"></a> <BODY> <div id="header"> <HR><H1>Theo Todman's Book Collection (Book-Paper Abstracts)</H1></div> <hr><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><tr><td colspan =3><A HREF = "../BookSummary_441.htm">Naming and Necessity</A></td></tr><tr><td colspan =3><A HREF = "../../../Authors/K/Author_Kripke (Saul).htm">Kripke (Saul)</a></td></tr><tr><td colspan =3>This Page provides (where held) the <b>Abstract</b> of the above <b>Book</b> and those of all the <b>Papers</b> contained in it.</td></tr><tr><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td><td><A HREF = "../BookCitings_441.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Book</A></td><td><A HREF = "../BooksToNotes_441.htm">Notes Citing this Book</A></td></tr></tr></TABLE></CENTER><hr> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>BOOK ABSTRACT: </B><ul type="disc"><li>Harvard University Press, 1980 (twelfth printing 2001). </li><li><a name="1"></a>"<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_415.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity</A>" is the same text (but my copy is very tatty). </li><li>For a prcis and analysis of the whole book, click <A HREF="../../../Kripke_Naming.pdf" TARGET = "_top">File Note (PDF)</A> </li></ul><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><B>BOOK COMMENT: </B><BR><BR>For an electronic copy, see <a name="W4418W"></a><A HREF = "https://academiaanalitica.files.wordpress.com/2016/10/kripke-saul-a-naming-and-necessity-cambridge-harvard-university-press-1981.pdf" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>.</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_10/PaperSummary_10634.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Kripke - Naming and Necessity<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P10634_1">Abstract</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P10634_1"></A></u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ul type="disc"><li>Ever since these lectures were first given at Princeton in 1970, they have constituted one of the main challenges to the 'Fregean' doctrine that the sense of a proper name is a cluster of descriptive information an object must fit to be the referent. </li><li>Kripke argues that proper names are rigid designators and among the consequences of these investigations is the contention that there are a posteriori necessary statements as well as a priori contingent statements. </li><li>The philosophical significance of Kripke's work, combined with its intuitive, informal lecture style makes it a regular favorite with students. </li></ul></FONT><BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>COMMENT: </B>This is the text of "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_441.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity</A>", excerpted in "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6371.htm">Harnish (Robert M.) - Basic Topics in the Philosophy of Language</A>". See <A HREF = "http://metaphysicist.com/articles/Kripke_Naming_Necessity_1970.pdf" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>.</P><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U> ("<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_10/Abstract_10634.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity</A>")</B><a name="On-Page_Link_P10634_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P10634_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: Taken from "<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21182.htm">Harnish (Robert M.) - Basic Topics in the Philosophy of Language: Introduction</A>". <BR><BR> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6825.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity: Preface</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Kripke - Naming and Necessity, 1980, Preface, pp. 1-7<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Write-up <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1200.htm">Note</A><SUP>1</SUP><BR><BR><U><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P6825_2">Sections</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P6825_2"></A></U><ol type="1"><li>Introduction</li><li>Historical Background</li><li>Names & Rigid Designation</li></ol></FONT></P><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U> ("<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6825.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity: Preface</A>")</B><a name="On-Page_Link_P6825_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P6825_2"><B>Footnote 2</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>This is the first 1/3 of the Preface only. </li><li>See "<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6830.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity: Appendix - Kripke s Response To His Critics</A>" for the latter part. </li><li>For a prcis and analysis of the whole book, click <A HREF="../../../Kripke_Naming.pdf" TARGET = "_top">File Note (PDF)</A></li><li>The  sectioning is not Kripke s, but relates to my analysis in the above document. </li></ul> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6826.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity: Lecture I</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Kripke - Naming and Necessity, 1980, Chapter 1<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Write-up <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1201.htm">Note</A><SUP>1</SUP><BR><BR><U><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P6826_2">Sections</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P6826_2"></A></U><ol type="1"><li>Introduction</li><li>Naming</li><li>Mill</li><li>Frege & Russell</li><li>Arguments Against Mill</li><li>Quine</li><li>Cluster Concept</li><li>Reference Or Meaning?</li><li>Five Distinctions <ul type="disc"><li>9.1 Distinction 1 :  A Priori Versus  A Posteriori </li><li>9.2 Distinction 2   Necessary Versus  Sufficient </li><li>9.3 Distinction 3   Analytic Versus  Synthetic </li><li>9.4 Distinction 4   Certainty </li><li>9.5 Distinction 5  <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">Modality</A><SUP>3</SUP>  De Re And  De Dicto </li></ul></li><li>Identity Across Possible Worlds</li><li>Counterpart Theory</li><li>Necessary & Sufficient Conditions For Being A Particular <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_10.htm">Sortal</A><SUP>4</SUP></li><li>Rigid Designators</li><li>Names As Rigid Designators</li><li>Trans-World Identification</li><li>Frege, Russell & Wittgenstein  Meaning Or Reference?</li><li>Contingent A Priori Truths</li><li>Using Actual-World Descriptions To Fix The Referent</li><li>Frege & Russell On Names</li><li>Frege On  Sense </li><li>The Special Case Of </li><li>Searle s Cluster Theory</li><li>Cluster Theory  Formal Definition</li><li>Cluster Theory - Critique</li><li>Non-Circularity Condition</li></ol></P><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U> ("<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6826.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity: Lecture I</A>")</B><a name="On-Page_Link_P6826_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P6826_2"><B>Footnote 2</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>For a prcis and analysis of the whole book, click <A HREF="../../../Kripke_Naming.pdf" TARGET = "_top">File Note (PDF)</A></li><li>The  sectioning is not Kripke s, but relates to my analysis in the above document. </li></ul> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6827.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity: Lecture II</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Kripke - Naming and Necessity, 1980, Chapter 2<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Write-up <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1202.htm">Note</A><SUP>1</SUP><BR><BR><U><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P6827_2">Sections</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P6827_2"></A></U><ol type="1"><li>The Cluster Theory Reviewed</li><li>Examples of Problems with the Cluster Theory</li><li>Lewis</li><li>Languages</li><li>Another Look at the 6 Theses of Cluster Theory</li><li>Theses 1 - 5</li><li>Can the Cluster Theory be Rescued?</li><li>More on the Non-Circularity Condition</li><li>Kripke s Transmission Theory of Reference</li><li>Does Kripke have a Theory?</li><li>Necessary & Sufficient Conditions for Reference</li><li>Are Identity Statements Necessary?</li><li>Identities Between Proper Names</li></ol></FONT></P><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U> ("<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6827.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity: Lecture II</A>")</B><a name="On-Page_Link_P6827_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P6827_2"><B>Footnote 2</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>For a prcis and analysis of the whole book, click <A HREF="../../../Kripke_Naming.pdf" TARGET = "_top">File Note (PDF)</A></li><li>The  sectioning is not Kripke s, but relates to my analysis in the above document. </li></ul> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6828.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity: Lecture III</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Kripke - Naming and Necessity, 1980, Chapter 3<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Write-up <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1203.htm">Note</A><SUP>1</SUP><BR><BR><U><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P6828_2">Sections</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P6828_2"></A></U><ol type="1"><li>Summary So Far</li><li>Essences and  de re <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">Modality</A><SUP>3</SUP></li><li>The Essentiality of Origins</li><li>Nominal Essences</li><li>Natural <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P6828_4">Kinds</A></U><SUB>4</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P6828_4"></A></li><li>Species</li><li>Are there Degrees of Necessity?</li><li>Non-epistemological Necessity</li><li>Essence Again</li><li>Examples <ul type="disc"><li>10.1 Water as H2O</li><li>10.2 Light</li><li>10.3 Heat</li><li>10.4 Lightening</li><li>10.5 Summary</li></ul></li><li>Recapitulation<ul type="disc"><li>11.1 Singular and General Terms (Mill)</li><li>11.2 Species Terms and Proper Names</li><li>11.3 Properties and <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_27.htm">Natural Kinds</A><SUP>5</SUP></li><li>11.4 Science & <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_27.htm">Natural Kinds</A><SUP>6</SUP></li><li>11.5 Transmission of the Name of a <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_27.htm">Natural Kind</A><SUP>7</SUP></li><li>11.6 Primary & Secondary Qualities</li><li>11.7 Objections to the Necessary a Posteriori</li><li>11.8 Kripke s Response to the Above Objections</li><li>11.9 Qualitative Contingent Statements</li></ul></li><li>The Mind-Brain Identity Theory</li><li>Token-Token Identity Theories</li><li>Type-Type Identity Theories</li><li>Analogies: C-fibres / Molecular Motion versus Pain / Heat</li><li>Another Analogy   What God had to Do </li><li>Identity Between Brain and Mind can t be Contingent</li></ol></FONT></P><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U> ("<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6828.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity: Lecture III</A>")</B><a name="On-Page_Link_P6828_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P6828_2"><B>Footnote 2</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>For a prcis and analysis of the whole book, click <A HREF="../../../Kripke_Naming.pdf" TARGET = "_top">File Note (PDF)</A></li><li>The  sectioning is not Kripke s, but relates to my analysis in the above document. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P6828_4"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P6828_4"><B>Footnote 4</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Note that Kripke deals with <u>gold</u> (atomic number 79) <em>passim</em> in this Section through Section 11, but somehow  while it features in my write-up  it doesn t feature in the Section headings. </li><li>Kripke s thoughts on this topic influence "<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5910.htm">Lockwood (Michael) - When Does a Life Begin?</A>" and "<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3729.htm">Mackie (J.L.) - Personal Identity</A>". </li></ul> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6829.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity: Addenda</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Kripke - Naming and Necessity, 1980, Addenda<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Write-up <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1204.htm">Note</A><SUP>1</SUP><BR><BR><U><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P6829_2">Sections</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P6829_2"></A></U><ol type="1"><li>Unicorns</li><li> Can To  Must </li><li>Non-circularity Condition</li><li>Initial  Baptism </li><li>Santa Claus</li><li>Acknowledgements</li><li>Necessity </li></ol></P><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U> ("<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6829.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity: Addenda</A>")</B><a name="On-Page_Link_P6829_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P6829_2"><B>Footnote 2</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>For a prcis and analysis of the whole book, click <A HREF="../../../Kripke_Naming.pdf" TARGET = "_top">File Note (PDF)</A></li><li>The  sectioning is not Kripke s, but relates to my analysis in the above document. </li></ul> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6830.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity: Appendix - Kripke s Response To His Critics</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Kripke - Naming and Necessity, 1980, Preface, pp. 7-21<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Write-up <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1205.htm">Note</A><SUP>1</SUP><BR><BR><U><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P6830_2">Sections</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P6830_2"></A></U><ol type="1"><li>Non-Unique Names </li><li>The Relation of Rigidity to Scope</li><li>Why did Russell et al Oppose the Rigidity of Names?</li><li>Possible Worlds</li><li>Substitutability of Proper Names?</li><li>Rigidity and Non-Existence </li></ol></FONT></P><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U> ("<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6830.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity: Appendix - Kripke s Response To His Critics</A>")</B><a name="On-Page_Link_P6830_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P6830_2"><B>Footnote 2</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>This is the latter 2/3 of the Preface. </li><li>See "<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6825.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity: Preface</A>" for the first part. </li><li>For a prcis and analysis of the whole book, click <A HREF="../../../Kripke_Naming.pdf" TARGET = "_top">File Note (PDF)</A></li><li>The  sectioning is not Kripke s, but relates to my analysis in the above document. </li></ul> <a name="ColourConventions"></a><hr><br><B><U>Text Colour Conventions</U> (see <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</B><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> </center> <BR><HR><BR><center> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-03T00:00" pubdate>03/08/2018 00:00:31</time> <br><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A> </TD></TR><TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>