Body, Mind and Death
Flew (Anthony), Ed.
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BOOK ABSTRACT:

Back Cover Blurb

  1. This book brings together important investigations into the meaning of mind, the variety of relations between mind and body, and how these matters affect speculation about an afterlife1.
  2. The sources range from Plato and Aristotle to the modern contributions represented by such men as William James, F. H. Bradley, and Gilbert Ryle.
  3. Editor Antony Flew's important introduction identifies the main features of the problem and places it in the context of current controversies.

Contents
  1. Flew – Introduction – 1
  2. Hippocrates of Cos (c. 460-357 BC)
    … The so-called "sacred disease" (epilepsy) – 31
    … The physiological bases of experience – 32
  3. Plato (c. 427-347 BC)
    … The person as an incorporeal soul – 34
    … Two senses of "soul" confused – 37
    … Learning really recollection – 39
    … Death a release of the soul – 42
    … True philosophers those who know the Forms – 46
    … Ideal concepts acquired in our former lives – 47
    … The soul not an harmony but a substance – 50
    … The soul as the Form of Life must be immortal – 55
    … The evil of the soul does not destroy it – 63
    … The soul as the eternal unmoved mover – 67
    … The Myth of Er – 69
    … The escape of the incorporeal soul in death – 70
  4. Aristotle (384-322 BC)
    … The essence of the soul – 72
    … The immortality of the intellect suggested – 74
    … The soul as the (Aristotelian) form of the body – 76
    … Soul and body essentially related – 79
    … The immortality of the intellect again – 80
  5. Polybius (c. 204-122 BC)
    … Political exploitation of superstition in Rome – 82
  6. Lucretius (c. 98-55 BC)
    … Homage to Epicurus as the prophet of anti-superstition – 83
    … Life and consciousness emerge from non-living and non-conscious elements – 84
    … Mind and soul corporeal in nature – 85
    … Destroyed and scattered by death and dissolution – 87
  7. Tertullian (c. 160-220)
    … The soul as an "astral body" – 91
  8. St. Augustine (354-430)
    … The soul is like God – 94
    … Incorporeal – 97
  9. St. Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225-1274)
    … The soul not a body – 101
    … Yet a substance – 102
    … Though this is not true of the souls of the brutes – 105
    … The soul not the man – 105
    … But indestructible – 106
    … Its essential powers remain after death – 107
    … And it tends to fly to its final destiny – 108
    … What happens to the sensitive powers – 108
    … The resurrection of the body – 109
    … The very same body – 111
    … Will it really be the same man? – 112
  10. Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)
    … Both man and the state as kinds of machine – 115
    … Sensory experience a motion in the brain – 116
    … Stuff the only sort of substance – 117
    … Having a soul is just being alive – 119
    … Pernicious Aristotelian nonsense – 120
  11. Rene Descartes (1596-1650)
    … Living bodies as kinds of machine – 125
    … I am essentially a thinking thing – 130
    … Thought comprises every sort of consciousness 133
    … The incorporeal soul in the bodily machine 137
  12. Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677)
    … A geometrical psychology – 144
    … Mind and body essentially the same – 146
    … Blessedness is virtue itself, and not its reward – 147
  13. G. W. F. Leibniz (1646-1716)
    … The Occasionalist view of mind and body – 149
    … Illustrated by the analogy of the two clocks – 152
  14. John Locke (1632-1704)
    … Body, soul, and consciousness – 154
    … The identity of the man and of the person – 155
    … How important is the human shape? 163
    … Our vocabulary not a complete list of possible kinds – 164
  15. Joseph Butler (1692-1752)
    … On personal identity – 166
    … On a future life – 172
  16. David Hume (1711-1776)
    … On the immortality of the soul – 181
    … On personal identity – 188
  17. T. H. Huxley (1825-1895)
    … Living bodies as kinds of machine: Descartes reconsidered in the light of further advances in physiology – 196
  18. William James (1842-1910)
    … Mental action is perhaps simply a function of brain action – 206
    … Why this idea does not necessarily discredit the mental – 208
  19. F. H. Bradley (1846-1924)
    What spiritualist evidence does not establish – 212
  20. C. J. Ducasse (1881-?)
    … The empirical case for personal survival – 221
  21. Lord Adrian (1889-?)
    … A physiological approach to the mind – 231
  22. Sir Herbert Louis 1st Viscount Samuel (1870-1963)
    … We have made no progress towards explaining how the mind is attached to the body – 237
  23. A. J. Ayer (1910-?)
    … But this is to misconceive the problem – 241
  24. Gilbert Ryle (1900-?)
    … Which should not be set in general terms 245
    … The absurdity of the official doctrine of "the ghost in the machine" – 248
    … The intellectualist legend – 258
    … The errors of Behaviourism – 262
  25. P. T. Geach (1916-?)
    … Could sensuous experiences occur apart from an organism? 265
  26. John Hick (1922-?)
    … The doctrine of the resurrection of the body reconsidered – 270
  27. U. T. Place (1924-?)
    … Consciousness is just brain-processes – 276
  28. Hilary Putnam (1926-?)
    … Minds and machines – 288
  29. Bibliographical Notes 297



"Butler (Joseph) - Of Personal Identity"

Source: Perry - Personal Identity

COMMENT:



"Flew (Anthony) - Body, Mind and Death: Introduction"

Source: Flew - Body, Mind and Death



"Geach (Peter) - Mental Acts (selections)"

Source: Block - Readings in Philosophy of Psychology - Vol 2

COMMENT: Also a few more in "Flew (Anthony), Ed. - Body, Mind and Death"



"Hume (David) - Of the Immortality of the Soul"

Source: Edwards - Immortality

COMMENT: Also in "Flew (Anthony), Ed. - Body, Mind and Death" (double-check identical!)



"Place (U.T.) - Is Consciousness a Brain Process?"

Source: Lycan - Mind and Cognition - An Anthology

COMMENT: Also in



"Butler (Joseph) - Of a Future Life"

Source: Flew - Body, Mind and Death

COMMENT: Excerpts from Chap. 1 of "The Analogy of Religion"



"Huxley (T.H.) - Animal Automatism (excerpts)"

Source: Flew - Body, Mind and Death



"Bradley (F.H.) - The Evidences of Spiritualism (excerpts)"

Source: Flew - Body, Mind and Death



"Ducasse (C.J.) - Is Life After Death Possible"

Source: Flew - Body, Mind and Death



"Adrian (Lord) - A Physiological Approach to the Mind"

Source: Flew - Body, Mind and Death



"Louis (Viscount Samuel) - We Have Made No Progress Towards Explaining How the Mind is Attached to the Body"

Source: Flew - Body, Mind and Death



"Ayer (A.J.) - But This Is To Misunderstand the Problem"

Source: Flew - Body, Mind and Death

COMMENT: Response to "Louis (Viscount Samuel) - We Have Made No Progress Towards Explaining How the Mind is Attached to the Body".



"Ryle (Gilbert) - Which Should Not Be Set In General Terms"

Source: Flew - Body, Mind and Death

COMMENT: Response to "Louis (Viscount Samuel) - We Have Made No Progress Towards Explaining How the Mind is Attached to the Body".



"Hick (John) - The Doctrine of the Resurrection of the Body Reconsidered"

Source: Flew - Body, Mind and Death

COMMENT:



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