Theory of Knowledge
Chisholm (Roderick)
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BOOK ABSTRACT:

Contents


    Introduction, 1
  1. Knowledge and True Opinion, 5
    • The problem of the Theatetus, 5
    • Adequate evidence, 6
    • Probability, 7
    • Observation, 9
    • Knowledge as an ethical concept, 11
    • "Performative utterances," 15
    • Other epistemic terms, 18
    • Some definitions, 21
  2. The Directly Evident, 24
    • Socratic questions, 24
    • Still more Socratic questions, 26
    • An attempt to escape, 27
    • States that present themselves, 27
    • An alternative description, 29
    • Seeming and appearing, 30
    • Some misconceptions, 34
  3. The Indirectly Evident, 38
    • The relation of the directly evident to the indirectly evident, 38
    • Not a deductive relation, 38
    • Not an inductive relation, 39
    • The theory of Carneades, 41
    • "Self-presentation" and perception, 44
    • Perception and the evident, 46
    • Memory, 49
    • Confirmation and concurrence, 52
  4. The Problem of the Criterion, 56
    • Two questions, 56
    • "Sources" of knowledge, 57
    • "Knowledge of right and wrong" as one example, 59
    • "Knowledge of external things" as another example, 61
    • "Other minds," 62
    • A final example, 67
  5. The Truths of Reason, 70
    • A traditional view, 70
    • Inclusion and exclusion, 71
    • Knowledge of necessity is not a posteriori, 73
    • A priori knowledge, 75
    • Scepticism and "psychologism," 79
    • "Linguisticism," 82
    • Logical truth and the analytic, 83
    • The synthetic a priori, 87
  6. The Status of Appearances, 91
    • The problem of Democritus, 91
    • Aristotle's solution, 93
    • Sense-datum fallacies, 94
    • The adverbial theory, 95
    • The phenomenological problem, 96
    • Appearances and brain processes, 99
  7. What is Truth? 103
    • The answer, 103
    • States of affairs? 104
    • The words "true" and "false," 106
    • The Epimenides, 107
    • Pragmatism, 110
    • The true and the evident, 111

    Index, 115

BOOK COMMENT:

Prentice-Hall, Inc, First Edition, 1966



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