Back Cover Blurb
- ‘Paul Kline is a radical psychologist ... Intelligence is a clear book and makes a technical field accessible.’
→ David Cohen, New Scientist
- Paul Kline’s book provides a readable modern account of the psychometric view of intelligence. It explains factor analysis and the construction of intelligence tests and shows how the resulting factors provide a picture of human abilities. Clear and concise, it provides a rigorous account of the psychometric view of intelligence.
- Paul Kline is Emeritus Professor of Psychometrics at the University of Exeter. He is one of the leading authorities in the field, and author of many books including The Handbook of Psychological Testing and Personality: The Psychometric View.
Back Cover Blurb
- The purpose of this book is to restate the psychometric view of intelligence which, for a variety of reasons, intellectual and social, has fallen into obscurity. Intellectually the rise of cognitive psychology and cognitive science has caused psychologists to stress processes of thinking and to regard intelligence as a somewhat useless, global label. Among the social factors which have led in some cases to direct attacks on the concept of intelligence are the generally egalitarian Zeitgeist, claims that intelligence testing leads to racial discrimination or even reflects it, and the unmasking of one of the leading practitioners of intelligence testing, Sir Cyril Burt, as a fraud.
- In addition to this the notion of intelligence as even a partly heritable characteristic is ill at ease in Thatcherite society where failure to succeed is regarded as a moral flaw, hard work and determination being the necessary ingredients. This accords well with the views at the other end of the political spectrum where failure is seen as resulting from the oppression and enslavement of the poor by the rich.
- In this book I try to put the record straight and present the latest psychometric findings concerning the nature of intelligence and other human abilities. I am encouraged in this endeavour by the fact that in the real world, beyond the narrow boundaries of academic psychology, intelligence tests and other psychometric methods of assessment are being used in ever greater numbers as employers seek to find people best suited to their jobs. The application of psychometrics is one of the few technological successes in psychology and it is right that students and practitioners should understand the theoretical bases of this work. In addition to this a knowledge of the psychometrics of ability is valuable for a wider understanding of the psychology of human development and achievement.
Preface – vii
- The meaning of intelligence – 1
- Factor analysis – 7
- Factor analyses of human abilities – 26
- Measuring intelligence – 44
- Intelligence and educational and occupational success – 63
- Heritability of intelligence – 78
- Intelligence and mental speed – 97
- Cognitive processing and intelligence – 107
- EEG and intelligence – 126
- The nature of g – 137
References – 147
Index – 157
Routledge 1991; 1999 reprint. Paperback.
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2021
- Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)