Neuropsychology: From Theory to Practice
Andrewes (David)
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BOOK ABSTRACT:

Amazon1 Book Description

  1. This comprehensive textbook provides an up-to-date and accessible account of the theories that seek to explain the complex relationship between brain and behaviour. Drawing on the latest research findings from the disciplines of neuropsychology, neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience and cognitive neuropsychology, the author provides contemporary models of neuropsychological processes. The book provides a fresh perspective that takes into account the modern advances of functional neuroimaging and other new research techniques.
  2. The emphasis at all times is on bridging the gap between theory and practice - discussion of theoretical models is framed in a clinical context and the author makes frequent use of case studies to illustrate the clinical context. There is coverage of the neuropsychology of disorders associated with areas such as perception, attention, memory and language, emotion, and movement. A third-generation text, this book uniquely aims to integrate these different areas by describing the common influences of these functions. Following on from this there is information on the clinical management of patients in the area of recovery and rehabilitation. These last chapters focus on the author's own experience and illustrate the importance of a more systematic approach to intervention, which takes into account theoretical views of recovery from brain damage.
  3. Neuropsychology: From Theory to Practice is the first comprehensive textbook to cover research from all disciplines committed to understanding neuropsychology. It will provide a valuable resource for students, professionals and clinicians.
  4. Dr Andrewes completed his PhD in the area of Clinical Neuropsychology at the University of London. He worked as a researcher and lecturer at the Institute of Psychiatry before taking a post as lecturer in the Department of Psychology at the University of Melbourne, Australia in 1984. Being also a qualified clinical neuropsychologist he has extensive clinical experience particularly with patients with epilepsy, traumatic brain injured patients and patients with dementia. He has had an honorary appointment with the Royal Melbourne Hospital since 1986. He is now an Associate professor within the Department of Psychology and has an honorary appointment at the Royal Park Campus of the Royal Melbourne Hospital rehabilitation centre where he researches with Stroke patients. His main research focus at the present time is in the area of Rehabilitation and emotional dysfunction following brain damage. On the basis of his contribution to neuropsychology he was elected a fellow of the British psychological Society in 2003.

Author’s Introduction
  1. This book derives from the author's own teaching to medical students and advanced undergraduate psychology students, and some postgraduate teaching. The chapters have therefore been developed from basic to more advanced levels of teaching. While the student intending to take neuropsychology to a higher level will find this book useful even at an early stage in their undergraduate education, the text is largely aimed at the more advanced student. As the title would suggest, this text may be particularly useful to students who are ultimately considering a clinically oriented career within the health-related sciences or clinicians who wish to "brush up" on their neuropsychology.
  2. Although this text is not a book on clinical neuropsychology, it reflects the author's own background as a researcher and clinician. There are books that cover theoretical issues and books on clinical issues, and this one is an attempt to bring these areas together without compromising a theoretical approach.
  3. This book was developed partly out of the perceived need to bring together topics that have been traditionally treated separately. There is an attempt to provide what the author refers to as a third-generation text in neuropsychology.
    • A first-generation text is seen as one of the traditional type where each chapter was devoted to a different lobe of the brain. Such an approach tends to ignore the brain dynamics, the way different brain areas interact to provide function, a feature that is well illustrated by functional neuroimaging studies.
    • A second-generation text discusses neuropsychology in terms of functional topics such as memory or perception, allowing brain dynamics to be described in terms of a particular functional goal. This is an advantage because this approach allows the brain to be viewed as a network of systems, with different brain areas contributing towards a function in concert.
    • However, a third-generation text attempts to show links and a synthesis between these various functional areas. In this way the various overlaps between topics are revealed. Terms like attention and perception are developed by us, and the brain does not recognise the borderlines that we have artificially provided. It is important that a third-generation text recognises that these functions influence each other.
  4. A second theme within this book is to provide a polemic within which to view what is a rapidly changing science. As an educator one of the greatest pleasures is to see a student develop a sense of power as they supply their own interpretations to a set of interesting results. This developing independence is an indication of a style of thinking that promises a development of knowledge long after leaving university. In order to encourage this kind of approach the book sometimes discusses the progression of thinking towards a final conclusion as a way of showing how the detective story of neuropsychology may be logically unravelled.
  5. Finally, it is with some trepidation that the author has produced a book during the first Kuhnian explosion of a new paradigm referred to as functional imaging. These new techniques allow the metabolic dynamics of the brain to be inspected while the patient completes a task. A literature search of key words gives an indication of the rapidity with which researchers have embraced this research tool. Since 1990 the number of studies using these techniques has doubled. Even with a healthy degree of scepticism and caution it is easy to see that functional imaging is the most amazing advance in the search for knowledge that neuropsychology has ever seen. The golden age of neuropsychology has arrived and I hope readers will enjoy sharing it with me.
Sections
  1. An introducrion to modern Neoropsychology – 1
    • General introduction – 1
    • Functional neuroanatomy – 2
    • An introduction to historical and modern research perspectives within neuropsychology – 15
    • A guide to issues covered – 31
  2. Disorders of perception – 35
    • Introduction – 35
    • Visual sensation – 37
    • The organisation of perception: hierarchical and parallel modular systems – 41
    • Clinical disorders of perception – 49
    • Object recognition – 60
    • The special case of face recognition – 64
    • Awareness of perceptual deficit and imagery – 78
    • Bottom-up versus top-down disorders and the executive influence – 81
  3. Executive dysfunction – 85
    • Executive dysfunction – 85
    • Features of executive dysfunction – 88
    • Executive dysfunction following subcortical atrophy – 104
    • Models of the executive system – 108
    • Executive dysfunction and the prefrontal cortex: the orbital, dorsolateral, and medial systems – 121
    • Towards a model of executive function – 130
    • Why executive function? – 135
  4. Disorders of attention – 139
    • Introduction – 139
    • A brief historical background of theory – 140
    • A clinical description of attention disorders – 167
    • Models of neglect – 180
    • Relationships between attention and perception within attentional disorders – 196
    • Attention and working memory – 200
    • Relationship between terms of attention and process – 201
    • Overview – 204
  5. Memory disorders – 207
    • Introduction – 207
    • A neuropsychological model of memory – 208
    • Neuropsychological issues and memory disorders – 228
    • Amnesia – 238
    • Theoretical perspectives on retrograde amnesia – 253
    • A neuropsychological model of memory – 259
  6. Disorders of cerebral symmetry – 271
    • Introduction – 271
    • The split-brain operation – 275
    • The split-brain disconnection syndromes – 277
    • Specialised contributions of the two hemispheres – 277
    • Alien hand and conscious awareness – 285
    • The clinical presentation of disconnection syndrome – 286
    • Recovery from split-brain surgery – 287
    • The nature of interhemispheric integration – 288
  7. Language disorders – 291
    PART 1: LANGUAGE SYNDROMES AND LANGUAGE DISORDERS – 291
    • Introduction – 291
    • Historical notes – 292
    • Some introductory concepts: the example of anomia – 295
    • The language area – 298
    • A model of language disorders – 298
    • The perisylvian aphasias2 – 302
    • The transcortical aphasias3 – 319
    • Subcortical aphasia4 – 325
    • Language and the right hemisphere – 329
    • Towards a new model of language disorders – 332
    PART 2: A COGNITIVE NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE – 338
    • Anomia according to sensory modality – 338
    • Acalculia – 345
    • The agraphias – 349
    • Alexia and agraphia – 351
    • The acquired dyslexias – 353
    • Final comment – 360
  8. Movement disorders – 363
    • Introduction – 363
    • The primary motor and sensory areas – 365
    • The cortical motor system – 370
    • Apraxia and the motor engram – 375
    • The basal ganglia system – 380
    • The cerebellum system – 390
    • General summary – 394
  9. Emotional disorders – 397
    • Introduction – 397
    • The emotional system – 401
    • Further aspects of emotional and social dysfunction from the clinical perspective – 424
    • Theories of lateralised emotional expression within the clinical context – 426
    • Neuropsychological theories of emotional and social dysfunction in psychiatric conditions – 433
    • General summary – 444
  10. Recovery from brain damage – 449
    • Introduction – 449
    • Mechanisms of recovery – 451
    • Features that influence the recovery process: a clinical perspective – 464
    • Factors that encourage recovery – 472
  11. Rehabilitation – 477
    • Introduction – 477
    • The application of techniques – 481
    • The limitations of the patient – 488
    • General comments – 497
    • Addendum 1 – 498
    • Addendum 2 – 499
  12. Integration between neuropsychological functions – 501
    • Towards a third-generation text on neuropsychology – 501
    • Links within the long-term memory store (LTMS): the influence of past experience on memory, attention, perception, and language – 502
    • Attention within perception – 503
    • Executive influences on attention, perception, memory, and language – 503
    • Appendix – 505
    • References – 509
  13. Author Index – 575
    Subject Index – 593



In-Page Footnotes ("Andrewes (David) - Neuropsychology: From Theory to Practice")

Footnote 1: This is effectively the blurb on the back cover.


BOOK COMMENT:

Psychology Press, Taylor & Francis, Hove, 2004 reprint. Nice paperback copy.



Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
  1. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2018
  2. Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)



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