<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Rethinking Identity and Metaphysics: On the Foundations of Analytic Philosophy (Hill (Claire Ortiz)) - Theo Todman's Book Collection (Book-Paper Abstracts)</title> <link href="../../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../../TT_ICO.png" /> </head> <a name="Top"></a> <BODY> <div id="header"> <HR><H1>Theo Todman's Book Collection (Book-Paper Abstracts)</H1></div> <hr><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><tr><td colspan =3><A HREF = "../BookSummary_1395.htm">Rethinking Identity and Metaphysics: On the Foundations of Analytic Philosophy</A></td></tr><tr><td colspan =3><A HREF = "../../../Authors/H/Author_Hill (Claire Ortiz).htm">Hill (Claire Ortiz)</a></td></tr><tr><td colspan =3>This Page provides (where held) the <b>Abstract</b> of the above <b>Book</b> and those of all the <b>Papers</b> contained in it.</td></tr><tr><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td><td><A HREF = "../BookCitings_1395.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Book</A></td><td><A HREF = "../BooksToNotes_1395.htm">Notes Citing this Book</A></td></tr></tr></TABLE></CENTER><hr> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>BOOK ABSTRACT: </B><BR><BR><u>Back Cover Blurb</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>In this elegant book, Claire Ortiz Hill offers a sophisticated rethinking of the foundations of twentieth-century analytic philosophy. </li><li>She carefully uncovers the flaws of the central analytic tenet that philosophical discourse is reducible to identities. </li><li>Closely examining the writings of the analytic philosophers Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, and Willard Quine, she shows that the extensionalistic treatment of identity initiated by Frege and followed by the others has served as a hidden constraint on subsequent work in the mainstream of analytic philosophy. </li><li>The result has been a flawed treatment of a range of philosophical problems, including necessity, objecthood, meaning, the ontology of mathematics, and Russell's paradox. </li><li>Hill shows that heroic attempts by philosophers to free philosophical discourse from "intensions"  meanings, concepts, attributes must fail. </li><li>Hill's conclusions have implications not only for logicians but also for all those inquiring into the "ultimate furniture of the universe." </li><li>She illustrates her arguments with well-chosen examples from a variety of sources  astronomy, the Kennedy assassination, organ <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_104.htm">transplantation</A><SUP>1</SUP>  and shows how lack of clarity in regard to the abstract issue of identity has consequences in such concrete areas as medical ethics and the abortion debate, and how clarity in this issue can bring a better understanding to other problems of analytic philosophy. </li><li>Claire Ortiz Hill holds a doctorate in philosophy from the Sorbonne. An independent scholar, she was a church social worker in Washington, D.C., and has been a religious hermit with the Diocese of Paris for sixteen years. </li></ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><B>BOOK COMMENT: </B><BR><BR>Yale University Press, 1997</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6330.htm">Hill (Claire Ortiz) - Unfettering Reasoning</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hill - Rethinking Identity and Metaphysics, 1997, Chapter 1<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6331.htm">Hill (Claire Ortiz) - The Equals Sign</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hill - Rethinking Identity and Metaphysics, 1997, Chapter 2<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6332.htm">Hill (Claire Ortiz) - Confusing Sign and Object in Identity Statements</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hill - Rethinking Identity and Metaphysics, 1997, Chapter 3<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><u>Sections</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Some Sources of the Trouble; </li><li>Distinguishing the Name from the Named; </li><li>The Principle of Substitutivity of Identicals and Failure of Substitutivity; </li><li>Opacity and Quantification</li></ol></FONT></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6333.htm">Hill (Claire Ortiz) - Confusing Names and Descriptions in Identity Statements</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hill - Rethinking Identity and Metaphysics, 1997, Chapter 4<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><u>Sections</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Frege on Identifying Names and Descriptions; </li><li>Russell on Names, Descriptions, and Identity; </li><li>Opacity and Descriptions</li></ol></FONT></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6334.htm">Hill (Claire Ortiz) - Confusing Concepts and Objects in Identity Statements</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hill - Rethinking Identity and Metaphysics, 1997, Chapter 5<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><u>Sections</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Some Sources of the Trouble; </li><li>The Logical Characteristics of Concepts According to Frege; </li><li>Concepts and the Principle of the Substitutivity of Identicals; </li><li>The Evolution of Frege's Views on the Differences Between Concepts and Objects</li></ol></FONT></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6335.htm">Hill (Claire Ortiz) - Equating Equality and Identity</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hill - Rethinking Identity and Metaphysics, 1997, Chapter 6<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><u>Sections</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Some Differences Between Identity and Lesser Forms of Equivalence; </li><li>Logical Abstraction, Classes, and Extensionality; </li><li>Marcus on Distinguishing Between Identity and Weaker Forms of Equivalence</li></ol></FONT></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6336.htm">Hill (Claire Ortiz) - Identity and Frege's Foundations of Arithmetic</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hill - Rethinking Identity and Metaphysics, 1997, Chapter 7<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><u>Sections</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Identity and Substitutivity in Frege's Theory of Arithmetic; </li><li>The Problems Frege Addressed from the Beginning; </li><li>On Frege's Way Out; </li><li>Strong Extensionality; </li><li>The Shaking of Frege's Foundations for Arithmetic</li></ol></FONT></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6337.htm">Hill (Claire Ortiz) - Russell on the Origins of the Set-theoretical Paradoxes</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hill - Rethinking Identity and Metaphysics, 1997, Chapter 7<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><u>Sections</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Predicates and the Appearances of Contradiction; </li><li>Putting Symbols to Wrong Uses; </li><li>Concealed Ambiguity of Type; </li><li>The Vicious Circle Fallacy; </li><li>The Vicious Circle Principle and the Distinction of Logical Types; </li><li>Classes Away</li></ol></FONT></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6338.htm">Hill (Claire Ortiz) - Russell's Paradoxes and His Theory of Definite Descriptions</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hill - Rethinking Identity and Metaphysics, 1997, Chapter 9<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><U>Sections</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Incomplete Symbols; </li><li>Having Classes and Deleting Them Too; </li><li>The Ultimate Source of the Contradictions; </li><li>The Axiom of Reducibility</li></ol></FONT></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6339.htm">Hill (Claire Ortiz) - Propositional Attitudes</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hill - Rethinking Identity and Metaphysics, 1997, Chapter 10<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><u>Sections</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Frege Spots the Problem; </li><li>Frege's Explanation; </li><li>What the Tax Man's Computer Thinks; </li><li>What the Body Thinks; </li><li>In Propria Persona; </li><li>A Concluding Grammatical Postscript</li></ol></FONT></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6340.htm">Hill (Claire Ortiz) - Modalities</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hill - Rethinking Identity and Metaphysics, 1997, Chapter 11<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><u>Sections</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Quine's Complaint; </li><li>Quine's Riddle about 9 and the Number of the Planets; </li><li>Marcus Replies to Quine's Objections; </li><li>Quine on Descriptions as "Seeming Names"; </li><li>Quantification and Metaphysics</li></ol></FONT></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6341.htm">Hill (Claire Ortiz) - Rethinking Identity and Metaphysics: Conclusion</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hill - Rethinking Identity and Metaphysics, 1997, Conclusion<BR></P> <a name="ColourConventions"></a><hr><br><B><U>Text Colour Conventions</U> (see <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</B><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> </center> <BR><HR><BR><center> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; 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