Natural Kinds
Wilkerson (T.E.)
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BOOK ABSTRACT:

Amazon Book Description

  1. What makes something the kind of thing it is? And do certain objects have a special status in the scheme of things?
  2. According to Aristotle, some things (and particularly plants and animals) are what they are in virtue of their intrinsic properties: in more modern terms, they are members of "natural kinds" and therefore have a special status. Furthermore, it is the job of the natural scientist to discover those intrinsic properties.
  3. In this work, the author defends a modern version of Aristotle's view. He carefully analyzes the notion of natural kind, and then uses it to attack a number of connected philosophical problems. He writes about the natural sciences, the social sciences, the nature of scientific laws, the semantics of general names, ontology and metaphysics, and the philosophy of biology.

BOOK COMMENT:

Photocopy of Complete Book; filed in "Various - Papers on Identity Boxes: Vol 19 (W)".



"Wilkerson (T.E.) - What Exists?"

Source: Wilkerson - Natural Kinds, 1995, Chapter 1


Sections
  1. Two pictures of reality – 1
  2. Explanatory liberalism – 9
  3. An objection to explanatory liberalism – 14
  4. A Kantian argument from Strawson – 17
  5. An Aristotelian objection – 19


COMMENT: Photocopy filed in "Various - Papers on Identity Boxes: Vol 19 (W)".



"Wilkerson (T.E.) - Natural Kinds"

Source: Wilkerson - Natural Kinds, 1995, Chapter 2


Sections
  1. What is a natural kind? – 29
  2. Three comments – 33
  3. Nature, convention, artifice and culture – 35
  4. Natural and nominal kinds – 42
  5. Natural and dependent kinds – 45
  6. Real but superficial kinds – 53
  7. Hybrid kinds, and a summary – 57


COMMENT: Photocopy filed in "Various - Papers on Identity Boxes: Vol 19 (W)".



"Wilkerson (T.E.) - Natural Kinds - Problems"

Source: Wilkerson - Natural Kinds, 1995, Chapter 3


Sections
  1. Realism and essentialism – 61
  2. Natural necessity – 70
  3. More examples, and the social sciences – 73
  4. Pessimism about the social sciences – 79
  5. An objection; function and realization – 84
  6. Brief review – 87


COMMENT: Photocopy filed in "Various - Papers on Identity Boxes: Vol 19 (W)".



"Wilkerson (T.E.) - The Names of Kinds"

Source: Wilkerson - Natural Kinds, 1995, Chapter 4


Sections
  1. The names of natural kinds – 89
  2. The names of other kinds – 98
  3. Putnam, paediatricians and pencils – 106


COMMENT: Photocopy filed in "Various - Papers on Identity Boxes: Vol 19 (W)".



"Wilkerson (T.E.) - Species and Kinds"

Source: Wilkerson - Natural Kinds, 1995, Chapter 5


Sections
  1. The case against biological essences – 109
  2. A bad reply: family resemblances – 120
  3. Another bad reply: promiscuous realism – 126
  4. The best reply – 131
  5. Two objections – 136


COMMENT: Photocopy filed in "Various - Papers on Identity Boxes: Vol 19 (W)".



"Wilkerson (T.E.) - Individual Essences"

Source: Wilkerson - Natural Kinds, 1995, Chapter 6


Sections
  1. Background – 140
  2. From kinds to individuals? – 145
  3. Individual essences; the candidates – 154
  4. Natural kinds and identity – 162


COMMENT: Photocopy filed in "Various - Papers on Identity Boxes: Vol 19 (W)".



Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
  1. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2017
  2. Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)



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