<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science (Hitchcock (Christopher), Ed.) - Theo Todman's Book Collection (Book-Paper Abstracts)</title> <link href="../../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../../TT_ICO.png" /> </head> <a name="Top"></a> <BODY> <div id="header"> <HR><H1>Theo Todman's Book Collection (Book-Paper Abstracts)</H1></div> <hr><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><tr><td colspan =1><A HREF = "../BookSummary_2449.htm">Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science</A></td></tr><tr><td colspan =1><A HREF = "../../../Authors/H/Author_Hitchcock (Christopher).htm">Hitchcock (Christopher)</a>, Ed.</td></tr><tr><td colspan =1>This Page provides (where held) the <b>Abstract</b> of the above <b>Book</b> and those of all the <b>Papers</b> contained in it.</td></tr><tr><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></tr></TABLE></CENTER><hr> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>BOOK ABSTRACT: </B><BR><BR><U>Synopsis</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><I>Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science</I> features original essays on some of the most hotly debated issues in the field. Are there laws of social science? Are causes physically connected to their effects? Is the mind a system of modules shaped by natural selection? Eight central questions shape the volume, with each question treated by a pair of opposing essays. This distinctive format offers readers a unique opportunity to observe philosophers engaging in head-to-head debate. Together, the essays provide an accessible introduction to the major topics in contemporary philosophy of science, including empiricism, confirmation, realism, laws, <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_39.htm">causation</A><SUP>1</SUP>, and explanation. Showcasing original arguments for well-defined positions, as well as clear and concise statements of sophisticated philosophical views, this volume is an excellent resource for professional philosophers and students alike. </ol></FONT><BR><U>Contents</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">About the Contributors<BR>Preface<BR>Introduction: What is the Philosophy of Science<BR><B>Part I: Do <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">Thought Experiments</A><SUP>2</SUP> Transcend Empiricism?</B><li>Why <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">Thought Experiments</A><SUP>3</SUP> Transcend Empiricism: James Robert Brown (University of Toronto)</li><li>Why <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">Thought Experiments</A><SUP>4</SUP> do not Transcend Empiricism: John Norton (University of Pittsburgh)<BR><B>Part II: Does Probability Capture the Logic of Scientific Confirmation or Justification? </B></li><li>Probability Captures the Logic of Scientific Confirmation: Patrick Maher (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)</li><li>Why Probability Does not Capture the Logic of Scientific Justification: Kevin Kelly (Carnegie Mellon University) and Clark Glymour (Carnegie Mellon University)<BR><B>Part III: Can a Theory's Predictive Success Warrant Belief in the Unobservable Entities it Postulates? </B></li><li>A Theory's Predictive Success Can Warrant Belief in the Unobservable Entities it Postulates: Jarrett Leplin (University of North Carolina, Greensboro)</li><li>A Theory's Predictive Success Does not Warrant Belief in the Unobservable Entities it Postulates: Andr Kukla (University of Toronto) and Joel Walmsley (University of Toronto)<BR><B>Part IV: Are There Laws in the Social Sciences? </B></li><li>There are no Laws in the Social Sciences: John Roberts (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill)</li><li>There are Laws in the Social Sciences: Harold Kincaid (University of Alabama at Birmingham)<BR><B>Part V: Are Causes Physically Connected to their Effects? </B></li><li>Causes are Physically Connected to Their Effects: Why Preventers and Omissions are not Causes: Phil Dowe (University of Queensland, Australia)</li><li>Causes Need Not be Physically Connected to their Effects: The Case for Negative <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_39.htm">Causation</A><SUP>5</SUP>: Jonathan Schaffer (University of Massachusetts, Amherst)<BR><B>Part VI: Is There a Puzzle about the Low Entropy Past? </B></li><li>On the Origins of the Arrow of Time: Why There is Still a Puzzle About the Low Entropy Past: Huw Price (University of Edinburgh)</li><li>There is No Puzzle About the Low Entropy Past: Craig Callender<BR><B>Part VII: Do Genes Encode Information About Phenotypic Traits? </B></li><li>Genes Encode Information for Phenotypic Traits: Sahotra Sarkar (University of Texas at Austin)</li><li>Genes Do not Encode Information for Phenotypic Traits: Peter Godfrey-Smith (Stanford University)<BR><B>Part VIII: Is the Mind a System of Modules Shaped by Natural Selection? </B></li><li>The Mind is a System of Modules Shaped by Natural Selection: Peter Carruthers (University of Maryland)</li><li>The Mind is Not (Just) a System of Modules Shaped (Just) by Natural Selection: Fiona Cowie (California Institute of Technology) and James Woodward (California Institute of Technology)<BR>Index </li></ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><B>BOOK COMMENT: </B><BR><BR>Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, 2004</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12325.htm">Brown (James Robert) - Why Thought Experiments Transcend Empiricism</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hitchcock (Christopher) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science, 2004<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12336.htm">Callender (Craig) - There is No Puzzle About the Low Entropy Past</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hitchcock (Christopher) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science,, 2004<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12339.htm">Carruthers (Peter) - The Mind is a System of Modules Shaped by Natural Selection</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hitchcock (Christopher) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science,, 2004<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12340.htm">Cowie (Fiona) & Woodward (James) - The Mind is Not (Just) a System of Modules Shaped (Just) by Natural Selection</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hitchcock (Christopher) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science,, 2004<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12333.htm">Dowe (Phil) - Causes are Physically Connected to Their Effects: Why Preventers and Omissions are not Causes</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hitchcock (Christopher) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science,, 2004<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12338.htm">Godfrey-Smith (Peter) - Genes Do not Encode Information for Phenotypic Traits</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hitchcock (Christopher) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science, 2004<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12324.htm">Hitchcock (Christopher) - Introduction: What is the Philosophy of Science</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hitchcock (Christopher) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science,, 2004<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12328.htm">Kelly (Kevin) - Why Probability Does not Capture the Logic of Scientific Justification</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hitchcock (Christopher) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science,, 2004<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12332.htm">Kincaid (Harold) - There are Laws in the Social Sciences</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hitchcock (Christopher) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science,, 2004<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12330.htm">Kukla (Andr) & Walmsley (Joel) - A Theory's Predictive Success Does not Warrant Belief in the Unobservable Entities it Postulates</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hitchcock (Christopher) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science,, 2004<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12329.htm">Leplin (Jarrett) - A Theory's Predictive Success Can Warrant Belief in the Unobservable Entities it Postulates</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hitchcock (Christopher) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science,, 2004<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12327.htm">Maher(Patrick) - Probability Captures the Logic of Scientific Confirmation</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hitchcock (Christopher) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science,, 2004<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12326.htm">Norton (John) - Why Thought Experiments do not Transcend Empiricism</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hitchcock (Christopher) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science,, 2004<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12335.htm">Price (Huw) - On the Origins of the Arrow of Time: Why There is Still a Puzzle About the Low Entropy Past</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hitchcock (Christopher) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science,, 2004<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12331.htm">Roberts (John) - There are no Laws in the Social Sciences</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hitchcock (Christopher) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science,, 2004<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12337.htm">Sarkar (Sahotra) - Genes Encode Information for Phenotypic Traits</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hitchcock (Christopher) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science,, 2004<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12334.htm">Schaffer (Jonathan) - Causes Need Not be Physically Connected to their Effects: The Case for Negative Causation</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hitchcock (Christopher) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science,, 2004<BR></P> <a name="ColourConventions"></a><hr><br><B><U>Text Colour Conventions</U> (see <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</B><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> </center> <BR><HR><BR><center> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - 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