Physiology of Behavior
Carlson (Neil)
This Page provides (where held) the Abstract of the above Book and those of all the Papers contained in it.
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BOOK ABSTRACT:

Contents

  1. Introduction
    • Understanding Human Consciousness - A Physiological Approach
    • Blindsight
    • Split Brains
    • Unilateral Neglect
    • The Nature of Psysiological Psychology
    • The Goals of Research
    • Biological Roots of Physiological Psychology
    • Natural Selection and Evolution
    • Functionalism and the Inheritance of Traits
    • Evolution of the Human Species
    • Evolution of Large Brains
    • Interim Summary
    • Ethical Issues in Research with Animals
  2. Structure and Functions of Cells of the Nervous System
    • Cells of the Nervous System
    • Neurons
    • Supporting Cells
    • The Blood-Brain Barrier
    • Communication within a Neuron
    • Neural Communication - An Overview
    • Measuring Electrical Potentials of Axons
    • The Membrane Potential - Balance of Two Forces
    • The Action Potential
    • Conduction of the Action Potential
    • Communication between Neurons
    • Structure of Synapses
    • Release of Neurotransmitter
    • Activation of Receptors
    • Postsynaptic Potentials
    • Termination of Postsynaptic Potentials
    • Effects of Postsynaptic Potentials - Neural Integration
    • Autoreceptors
    • Other Types of Synapses
    • Nonsynaptic Chemical Communication
  3. Structure of the Nervous System
    • Basic Features of the Nervous System
    • An Overview
    • Meninges
    • The Ventricular System and Production of CSF
    • The Central Nervous System
    • Development of the Central Nervous System
    • The Forebrain
    • The Midbrain
    • The Hindbrain
    • The Spinal Cord
    • The Peripheral Nervous System
    • Spinal Nerves
    • Cranial Nerves
    • The Autonomic Nervous System
  4. Psychopharmacology
    • Principles of Psychopharmacology
    • Pharmacokinetics
    • Drug Effectiveness
    • Effects of Repeated Administration
    • Placebo Effects
    • Sites of Drug Action
    • Effects on Production of Neurotransmitters
    • Effects on Storage and Release of Neurotransmitters
    • Effect on Receptors
    • Effects on Reuptake or Destruction of Neurotransmitter
    • Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators
    • Acetylcholine
    • The Monoamines
    • Amino Acids
    • Peptides
    • Lipids
    • Nucleosides
    • Soluble Gases
  5. Methods and Strategies of Research
    • Experimental Ablation
    • Evaluating the Behavioral Effects of Brain Damage
    • Producing Brain Lesions
    • Sterotaxic Surgery
    • Histological Methods
    • Tracing Neural Connections
    • Study of the Living Human Brain
    • Recording and Stimulating Neural Activity
    • Recording of Neural Activity
    • Recording of the Brain’s Metabolic and Synaptic Activity
    • Measuring the Brain’s Secretions
    • Stimulating Neural Activity
    • Behavioral Effects of Electrical Brain Stimulation
    • Neurochemical Methods
    • Finding Neurons That Produce Particular Neurochemicals
    • Localizing Particular Receptors
    • Genetic Methods
    • Twin Studies
    • Adoption Studies
    • Targeted Mutations
    • Antisense Oligonucleotides
  6. Vision
    • The Stimulus Anatomy of the Visual System
    • The Eyes
    • Photoreceptors
    • Connections Between Eye and Brain
    • Coding of Visual Information in the Retina
    • Coding of Light and Dark
    • Coding of Color
    • Analysis of Visual Information - Role of the Striate Cortex
    • Anatomy of the Striate Cortex
    • Orientation and Movement
    • Spatial Frequency
    • Retinal Disparity
    • Color
    • Modular Organization of the Striate Cortex
    • Analysis of Visual Information - Role of the Visual Association Cortex
    • Two Streams of Visual Analysis
    • Perception of Color
    • Perception of Form
    • Perception of Movement
    • Perception of Spatial Location
  7. Audition, the Body Senses, and the Chemical Senses
    • Audition
    • The Stimulus
    • Anatomy of the Ear
    • Auditory Hair Cells and the Transduction of Auditory Information
    • The Auditory Pathway
    • Perception of Pitch
    • Perception of Loudness
    • Perception of Timbre
    • Perception of Spatial Location
    • Perception of Complex Sounds
    • Vestibular System
    • Anatomy of the Vestibular Apparatus
    • The Receptor Cells
    • The Vestibular Pathway
    • Somatosenses
    • The Stimuli
    • Anatomy of the Skin and Its Receptive Organs
    • Perception of Cutaneous Stimulation
    • The Somatosensory Pathways
    • Perception of Pain
    • Gustation
    • The Stimuli
    • Anatomy of the Taste Buds and Gustatory Cells
    • Perception of Gustatory Information
    • The Gustatory Pathway
    • Olfaction
    • The Stimulus
    • Anatomy of the Olfactory Apparatus
    • Transduction of Olfactory Information
    • Perception of Specific Odors
  8. Control of Movement
    • Muscles
    • Skeletal Muscle
    • Smooth Muscle
    • Cardiac Muscle
    • Reflexive Control of Movement
    • The Monosynaptic Stretch Reflex
    • The Gamma Motor System
    • Polysynaptic Reflexes
    • Control of Movement by the Brain
    • Organization of Motor Cortex
    • Initiating, Imitating, and Comprehending Movements - Role of the Motor Association Cortex
    • Cortical Control of Movement - The Descending Pathways
    • Deficits of Skilled movements - The Apraxias
    • The Basal Ganglia
    • The Cerebellum
    • The Reticular Formation
  9. Sleep and Biological Rhythms
    • A Physiological and Behavioral Description of Sleep
    • Stages of Sleep
    • Mental Activity During Sleep
    • Disorders of Sleep
    • Insomnia
    • Narcolepsy
    • REM Sleep Behavior Disorder
    • Problems Associated with Slow-Wave Sleep
    • Why Do We Sleep?
    • Functions of Slow-Wave Sleep
    • Functions of REM Sleep
    • Physiological Mechanisms of Sleep and Waking
    • Chemical Control of Sleep
    • Neural Control of Arousal
    • Neural Control of Slow-Wave Sleep
    • Neural Control of REM Sleep
    • Biological Clocks
    • Circadian Rhythms and Zeitgebers
    • The Suprachiasmatic Nucleus
    • Control of Seasonal Rhythms - The Pineal Gland and Melatonin
    • Changes in Circadian Rhythms - Shift Work and Jet Lag
  10. Reproductive Behavior
    • Sexual Development
    • Production of Gametes and Fertilization
    • Development of the Sex Organs
    • Sexual Maturation
    • Hormonal Control of Sexual Behavior
    • Hormonal Control of Female Reproductive Cycles
    • Hormonal Control of Sexual Behavior of Laboratory Animals
    • Organizational Effects of Androgens on Behavior - Masculinization and Defeminization
    • Effects of Pheromones
    • Human Sexual Behavior
    • Sexual Orientation
    • Neural Control of Sexual Behavior
    • Males
    • Females
    • Formation of Pair Bonds
    • Parental Behavior
    • Maternal Behavior of Rodents
    • Hormonal Control of Maternal Behavior
    • Neural Control of Maternal Behavior
    • Neural Control of Paternal Behavior
  11. Emotion
    • Emotions as Response Patterns
    • Fear
    • Anger, Aggression, and Impulse Control
    • Hormonal Control of Aggressive Behavior
    • Communication of Emotions
    • Facial Expression of Emotions
    • Innate Responses
    • Neural Basis of the Communication of Emotions - Recognition
    • Neural Basis of the Communication of Emotions - Expression
    • Feelings of Emotions
    • The James-Lange Theory
    • Feedback from Simulated Emotions
  12. Ingestive Behavior
    • Physiological Regulatory Mechanisms
    • Drinking
    • Some Facts about Fluid Balance
    • Two Types of Thirst
    • Neural Mechanisms of Thirst
    • Eating - Some Facts about Metabolism
    • Absorption, Fasting, and the Two Nutrient Reservoirs
    • What Starts a Meal?
    • Signals from the Environment
    • Signals from the Stomach
    • Metabolic Signals
    • What Stops a Meal?
    • Head Factors
    • Gastric Factors
    • Intestinal Factors
    • Liver Factors
    • Insulin
    • Long-Term Satity - Signals from Adipose Tissue
    • Brain Mechanisms
    • Brain Stem
    • Hypothalamus
    • Eating Disorders
    • Obesity
    • Anorexia Nervosa / Bulimia Nervosa
  13. Learning and Memory
    • The Nature of Learning
    • Synaptic Plasticity - Long-Term Potentiation and Long-Term Depression
    • Induction of Long-Term Potentiation
    • Role of NMDA Receptors
    • Mechanisms of Synaptic Plasticity
    • Long-Term Depression
    • Other Forms of Long-Term Potentiation
    • Perceptual Learning
    • Learning to Recognize Visual Stimuli
    • Perceptual Short-Term Memory
    • Classical Conditioning
    • Instrumental Conditioning
    • Basal Ganglia
    • Reinforcement
    • Relational Learning
    • Human Anterograde Amnesia
    • Spared Learning Abilities
    • Declarative and Nondeclarative Memories
    • Anatomy of Anterograde Amnesia
    • Role of the Hippocampal Formation in
    • Consolidation of Declarative Memories
    • Episodic and Semantic Memories
    • Spatial Memory
    • Confabulation - Role of the Prefrontal Cortex in Evaluating the Accuracy of Memories
    • Relational Learning in Laboratory Animals
    • Role of the Hippocampal Formation in Memory Consolidation
    • Role of Hippocampal Neurogenesis in Learning
  14. Human Communication
    • Speech Production and Comprehension - Brain Mechanisms
    • Lateralization
    • Speech Production
    • Speech Comprehension
    • Aphasia in Deaf People
    • The Bilingual Brain
    • Prosody - Rhythm, Tone, and Emphasis in Speech
    • Stuttering
    • Disorders of Reading and Writing
    • Relation to Aphasia
    • Pure Alexia
    • Toward an Understanding of Reading
    • Toward and Understanding of Writing
    • Developmental Dyslexias
  15. Neurological Disorders1
    • Tumors
    • Seizure Disorders
    • Cerebrovascular Accidents
    • Disorders of Development
    • Toxic Chemicals
    • Inherited Metabolic Disorders
    • Down Syndrome
    • Degenerative Disorders
    • Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies
    • Parkinson’s Disease
    • Huntington’s Disease
    • Alzheimer’s Disease
    • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
    • Multiple Sclerosis
    • Korsakoff’s Syndrome
    • Disorders Caused by Infectious Diseases
  16. Schizophrenia and the Affective Disorders
    • Schizophrenia
    • Description
    • Heritability
    • Pharmacology of Schizophrenia - The Dopamine Hypothesis
    • Schizophrenia as a Neurological Disorder
    • Major Affective Disorders
    • Description
    • Heritability
    • Physiological Treatments
    • Role of Monoamines
    • Evidence for Brain Abnormalities
    • Role of the 5-HT Transporter
    • Role of Circadian Rhythms
  17. Anxiety Disorders, Autistic Disorder, Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder, and Stress Disorders
    • Anxiety Disorders
    • Panic Disorder
    • Obsessive - Compulsive Disorder
    • Autistic Disorder
    • Description
    • Possible Causes
    • Attention - Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder
    • Description
    • Possible Causes
    • Stress Disorders
    • Physiology of the Stress Response
    • Health Effects of Long-Term Stress
    • Effects of Stress on the Brain
    • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
    • Psychoneuroimmunology
  18. Drug Abuse
    • Common Features of Addiction
    • A Little Background
    • Physical Versus Psychological Addiction
    • Positive Reinforcement
    • Negative Reinforcement
    • Tolerance and Withdrawal
    • Craving and Relapse
    • Commonly Abused Drugs
    • Opiates
    • Stimulant Drugs - Cocaine and Amphetamine
    • Nicotine
    • Alcohol
    • Cannabis
    • Heredity and Drug Abuse
    • Heritability Studies of Humans
    • Animal Models of Drug Abuse
    • Therapy for Drug Abuse



In-Page Footnotes ("Carlson (Neil) - Physiology of Behavior")

Footnote 1: Note: This chapter doesn’t feature in my 7th edition


BOOK COMMENT:

Also includes a useful CD



Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
  1. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2018
  2. Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)



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