- This book has three main aims:
- To treat the subject of human intelligence not as a narrow speciality, but as a fundamental topic in psychology, to which many different kinds of survey, experiment and speculation are relevant;
- To provide an up-to-date guide to much of what is known and where it can be found with particular reference to work done in the last decade;
- To swing the pendulum a little against the current state of opinion, in so far as this holds that ‘intelligence’ is an out-dated concept.
- It is intended primarily as a textbook for students in University Departments of Psychology and Education and in Colleges of Education, but I have tried also to bear in mind the needs and interests of both more and less specialised groups. In one or two chapters, where the amount of relevant research is not overwhelmingly large, it has been possible to provide a review of the literature which may be useful to the intending specialist.
- Thus in Chapter 4, which deals with the fashionable but undeniably important topic of ‘creativity’, the coverage may be more adequate than elsewhere, since much of the relevant research has been carried out during the last ten years, and, although voluminous, is still perhaps capable of being condensed into twenty or thirty pages without drastic over-simplification.
- On the other hand, Chapters 1 and 5, which purport to summarise the state of knowledge and opinion about ‘the concept of intelligence’ and ‘brains and machines’, could hardly be both comprehensive and detailed. Either topic, to be dealt with at all fully, would require a complete book. In chapters such as these I have therefore aimed at a broad treatment rather than an accumulation of detail, and they may be of most value to readers who are interested in the subject without being required to be examined in it.
- Another necessary limitation is that for the most part only intelligence within the ‘normal’ range will be dealt with. Retardation, mental deficiency and disorders of mental functioning lie outside this book’s scope.
Introduction – 9
- The concept of intelligence – 15
- The structure of abilities – 40
- Problem-solving and concept attainment – 72
- Creativity and intelligence – 93
- Brains and machines – 124
- The influence of heredity and some related questions – 149
- Normal stages in the development of intelligence – 171
- Principles of psychological measurement and test evaluation – 200
- A selective survey of intelligence tests – 217
- Social and cultural influences – 243
- Ability, personality and achievement – 273
- Bibliography – 292
Subject Index – 333
Name Index – 337
Methuen & Co. Ltd; University Paperbacks; 1970
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2021
- Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)