<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis - Second Edition (Hospers (John)) - Theo Todman's Book Collection (Book-Paper Abstracts)</title> <link href="../../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../../TT_ICO.png" /> </head> <a name="Top"></a> <BODY> <div id="header"> <HR><H1>Theo Todman's Book Collection (Book-Paper Abstracts)</H1></div> <hr><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><tr><td colspan =2><A HREF = "../BookSummary_5719.htm">An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis - Second Edition</A></td></tr><tr><td colspan =2><A HREF = "../../../Authors/H/Author_Hospers (John).htm">Hospers (John)</a></td></tr><tr><td colspan =2>This Page provides (where held) the <b>Abstract</b> of the above <b>Book</b> and those of all the <b>Papers</b> contained in it.</td></tr><tr><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td><td><A HREF = "../BookCitings_5719.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Book</A></td></tr></tr></TABLE></CENTER><hr> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>BOOK ABSTRACT: </B><BR><BR><U>Cover Blurb</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>First published in 1956, Professor Hospers's standard work is here published in paperback in the extensively revised edition which was first issued in 1967.</li><li>Reviewing a previous edition of this study in <I>Philosophy</I>, C. H. Whiteley writes: <BR> Of a book of this kind one does not demand original contributions to philosophical understanding, or a striking individual point of view. One expects that the most important ideas in the field should be adequately explained; that the exposition should be clear and straightforward, and thus intelligible to beginners; that there should be definite lines of argument for the student to get his teeth into; that the book itself should provide examples of good philosophical thinking; and that the subject should be made to seem interesting and worth studying for other purposes than getting examination credits. Professor Hospers fulfils all these demands very well. I do not know of another book of its kind as good as this one.'</li><li> It sets things out in a clear and, fair way without pretending that there isn't more to be said. The dialogues it contains are well done and help to make the student feel the puzzling conflicts; at the same time every advantage is taken of recent movements in philosophy which enable us to find means towards seeing through the difficulties. I think this book will provide a guide which should help to prevent people getting lost in the labyrinth without pretending that there isn't a labyrinth. I congratulate Dr Hospers. I think he has done wonders with a very difficult job.' <BR> Professor John Wisdom, Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.</li><li> Anyone who wishes to familiarize himself with the methods and approaches to philosophy current in universities in England and the United States will find in this book a useful guide.'<BR> <I>Philosophical Studies</I></li><li>John Hospers is Director of the School of Philosophy at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles. </li></ol></FONT><BR><U>Contents</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><B>Section 1: Meaning and Definition</B><li>Word-meaning  2 </li><li>Definition  18</li><li>Vagueness  67</li><li>Sentence-meaning  77<BR><B>Section 2: Knowledge</B></li><li>Concepts  101 </li><li>Truth  114</li><li>The Sources of Knowledge  122</li><li>What is Knowledge?  143<BR><B>Section 3: Necessary Truth</B></li><li>Analytic Truth and Logical Possibility  160 </li><li>The A Priori  179</li><li>The Principles of Logic  209<BR><B>Section 4: Empirical Knowledge</B></li><li>Law, Theory, and Explanation  229 </li><li>The Problem of Induction  250</li><li>Testability and Meaning  260<BR><B>Section 5: Cause, Determinism, and Freedom</B></li><li>What is a Cause?  279 </li><li>The Causal Principle  308</li><li>Determinism and Freedom  321<BR><B>Section 6: Some Metaphysical Problems</B></li><li>Substance and <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1008.htm">Universals</A><SUP>1</SUP>  350 </li><li>Matter and Life  368</li><li>Mind and Body  378<BR><B>Section 7: Philosophy of Religion</B></li><li>The Existence of God  425 </li><li>Religious Concepts and Meaning  480<BR><B>Section 8: Our Knowledge of the Physical World</B></li><li>Realism  494 </li><li>Idealism  506</li><li>Phenomenalism  530</li><li>Alternatives  550<BR><B>Section 9: Ethical Problems</B></li><li>Meta-ethical Theories  566 </li><li>Theories of Goodness  580</li><li>Theories of Conduct  595 </li></ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><B>BOOK COMMENT: </B><BR><BR>Routledge; 2nd edition (1970 Reprint). See <a name="2"></a>"<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_04/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_4100.htm">Hospers (John) - An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis - Fourth Edition</A>" for the (somewhat briefer, and very different) 4th Edition</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_19/PaperSummary_19025.htm">Hospers (John) - An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis - Second Edition</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Hospers (John) - An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><U>Preface to the Second Edition</U> (Full Text) <FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Those who approach philosophy for the first time do so from a variety of motives. Some are drawn into philosophy from their interest in the sciences, some from the arts, some from religion; others come to philosophy without any academic background, motivated by an uneasiness about "the meaning of things" or "what the world is all about"; still others have no motivation more specific than that of wanting to know what people are talking about when they use the word "philosophy." Accordingly, the demands that different people make of philosophy and the questions that they expect it to answer are as diverse as the motives leading them to it; as a result, the books that are written to satisfy these demands are similarly diverse. Often two books professing to introduce readers to philosophy contain little or none of the same material. For these reasons it is impossible to write a book that will satisfy all or perhaps even a majority of readers.</li><li>One might try to overcome this difficulty by writing a book so comprehensive that all the problems that anyone considered philosophical would be treated in it, and the readers would have only to select portions in which they are most interested. This, however, is hardly possible in practice: a book of a thousand pages would not begin to suffice. Nor would it be feasible to devote just a few pages to each problem: this would leave only outline summaries of the various issues, which would mean little to the readers; they might learn the meanings of some terms and absorb a few "general trends" from such a presentation, but they would not have been given enough material to make the problem come alive for them. The capsule method is even less successful in philosophy than it is elsewhere. The only apparent solution, then, would be to include not all but only some of the issues in the field. This method has its drawbacks, however, for no matter which problems are included and which are excluded, many readers are bound to object both to some of the inclusions and to some of the exclusions. Yet this is the policy that has been followed in this book, as the one with the fewest all-round disadvantages.</li><li>This edition has been almost completely rewritten; very few pages of the first edition, written thirteen years ago, survive in the present one. Except for the title and the main structural outline of contents, it is virtually a new book. All the sections have been radically changed, and new sections have been added: on concepts, sources of knowledge, the problem of <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1008.htm">universals</A><SUP>1</SUP>, and various other issues. The chapter on aesthetics has been omitted entirely, though with regret, since this topic is not usually treated in introductory courses, and the space has been used to make possible a fuller treatment of metaphysical and epistemological problems.</li><li> & [snip & acknowledgements] </li></ol></FONT></P> <a name="ColourConventions"></a><hr><br><B><U>Text Colour Conventions</U> (see <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</B><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> </center> <BR><HR><BR><center> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T04:57" pubdate>02/08/2018 04:57:08</time> <br><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A> </TD></TR><TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>