An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis - Second Edition
Hospers (John)
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Cover Blurb

  1. First published in 1956, Professor Hospers's standard work is here published in paperback in the extensively revised edition which was first issued in 1967.
  2. Reviewing a previous edition of this study in Philosophy, C. H. Whiteley writes:
    ‘Of a book of this kind one does not demand original contributions to philosophical understanding, or a striking individual point of view. One expects that the most important ideas in the field should be adequately explained; that the exposition should be clear and straightforward, and thus intelligible to beginners; that there should be definite lines of argument for the student to get his teeth into; that the book itself should provide examples of good philosophical thinking; and that the subject should be made to seem interesting and worth studying for other purposes than getting examination credits. Professor Hospers fulfils all these demands very well. I do not know of another book of its kind as good as this one.'
  3. ‘It sets things out in a clear and, fair way without pretending that there isn't more to be said. The dialogues it contains are well done and help to make the student feel the puzzling conflicts; at the same time every advantage is taken of recent movements in philosophy which enable us to find means towards seeing through the difficulties. I think this book will provide a guide which should help to prevent people getting lost in the labyrinth without pretending that there isn't a labyrinth. I congratulate Dr Hospers. I think he has done wonders with a very difficult job.'
    — Professor John Wisdom, Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.
  4. ‘Anyone who wishes to familiarize himself with the methods and approaches to philosophy current in universities in England and the United States will find in this book a useful guide.'
    Philosophical Studies
  5. John Hospers is Director of the School of Philosophy at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles.

    Section 1: Meaning and Definition
  1. Word-meaning – 2
  2. Definition – 18
  3. Vagueness – 67
  4. Sentence-meaning – 77
    Section 2: Knowledge
  5. Concepts – 101
  6. Truth –114
  7. The Sources of Knowledge – 122
  8. What is Knowledge? – 143
    Section 3: Necessary Truth
  9. Analytic Truth and Logical Possibility – 160
  10. The A Priori – 179
  11. The Principles of Logic – 209
    Section 4: Empirical Knowledge
  12. Law, Theory, and Explanation – 229
  13. The Problem of Induction – 250
  14. Testability and Meaning – 260
    Section 5: Cause, Determinism, and Freedom
  15. What is a Cause? – 279
  16. The Causal Principle – 308
  17. Determinism and Freedom – 321
    Section 6: Some Metaphysical Problems
  18. Substance and Universals1 – 350
  19. Matter and Life – 368
  20. Mind and Body – 378
    Section 7: Philosophy of Religion
  21. The Existence of God – 425
  22. Religious Concepts and Meaning – 480
    Section 8: Our Knowledge of the Physical World
  23. Realism – 494
  24. Idealism – 506
  25. Phenomenalism – 530
  26. Alternatives – 550
    Section 9: Ethical Problems
  27. Meta-ethical Theories – 566
  28. Theories of Goodness – 580
  29. Theories of Conduct – 595


Routledge; 2nd edition (1970 Reprint). See "Hospers (John) - An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis - Fourth Edition" for the (somewhat briefer, and very different) 4th Edition

"Hospers (John) - An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis - Second Edition"

Source: Hospers (John) - An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis

Preface to the Second Edition (Full Text)
  1. Those who approach philosophy for the first time do so from a variety of motives. Some are drawn into philosophy from their interest in the sciences, some from the arts, some from religion; others come to philosophy without any academic background, motivated by an uneasiness about "the meaning of things" or "what the world is all about"; still others have no motivation more specific than that of wanting to know what people are talking about when they use the word "philosophy." Accordingly, the demands that different people make of philosophy and the questions that they expect it to answer are as diverse as the motives leading them to it; as a result, the books that are written to satisfy these demands are similarly diverse. Often two books professing to introduce readers to philosophy contain little or none of the same material. For these reasons it is impossible to write a book that will satisfy all or perhaps even a majority of readers.
  2. One might try to overcome this difficulty by writing a book so comprehensive that all the problems that anyone considered philosophical would be treated in it, and the readers would have only to select portions in which they are most interested. This, however, is hardly possible in practice: a book of a thousand pages would not begin to suffice. Nor would it be feasible to devote just a few pages to each problem: this would leave only outline summaries of the various issues, which would mean little to the readers; they might learn the meanings of some terms and absorb a few "general trends" from such a presentation, but they would not have been given enough material to make the problem come alive for them. The capsule method is even less successful in philosophy than it is elsewhere. The only apparent solution, then, would be to include not all but only some of the issues in the field. This method has its drawbacks, however, for no matter which problems are included and which are excluded, many readers are bound to object both to some of the inclusions and to some of the exclusions. Yet this is the policy that has been followed in this book, as the one with the fewest all-round disadvantages.
  3. This edition has been almost completely rewritten; very few pages of the first edition, written thirteen years ago, survive in the present one. Except for the title and the main structural outline of contents, it is virtually a new book. All the sections have been radically changed, and new sections have been added: on concepts, sources of knowledge, the problem of universals1, and various other issues. The chapter on aesthetics has been omitted entirely, though with regret, since this topic is not usually treated in introductory courses, and the space has been used to make possible a fuller treatment of metaphysical and epistemological problems.
  4. … [snip … acknowledgements]

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