<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview (Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane)) - Theo Todman's Book Collection (Book-Paper Abstracts)</title> <link href="../../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../../TT_ICO.png" /> </head> <a name="Top"></a> <BODY> <div id="header"> <HR><H1>Theo Todman's Book Collection (Book-Paper Abstracts)</H1></div> <hr><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><tr><td colspan =2><A HREF = "../BookSummary_6177.htm">Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview</A></td></tr><tr><td colspan =2><A HREF = "../../../Authors/M/Author_Moreland (J.P.).htm">Moreland (J.P.)</a> & <A HREF = "../../../Authors/C/Author_Craig (William Lane).htm">Craig (William Lane)</a></td></tr><tr><td colspan =2>This Page provides (where held) the <b>Abstract</b> of the above <b>Book</b> and those of all the <b>Papers</b> contained in it.</td></tr><tr><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td><td><A HREF = "../BooksToNotes_6177.htm">Notes Citing this Book</A></td></tr></tr></TABLE></CENTER><hr> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>BOOK ABSTRACT: </B><BR><BR><U>Amazon Customer Review</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>We live in a modern culture that is not interested in the cultivation of the mind. This is true inside the church as well as outside. In <em>Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview</em>, authors Moreland and Craig, who are among the best in Christian scholars, place all of the fundamental concepts needed to provide a strong foundation for intellectual growth in one volume. The book is primarily written for the Christian but is very accessible for the non-Christian who is interested in the debate.</li><li>The book begins by laying down a philosophical groundwork concerning concepts such as logic & rationality, epistemological issues such as truth and knowledge, and various important issues in metaphysics. Gradually, as the concepts build, the book covers areas in philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, ethics, concepts of God, arguments for the existence of God, Christian doctrines, etc.</li><li>This book is a philosophical text and should be treated as such. That is, it should be rigorously studied and not just read. Most people who have not contended with weighty concepts in philosophy and religion may find some sections tedious and difficult to grapple with - hence the need to study. Fear not however, for the book is intended for the beginner and intermediate levels of understanding. Bold face text will alert readers to key definitions and concepts, and the chapters end with summary and list of concepts that should be mastered. Footnotes are placed at the end of book so as to not clutter the text.</li><li><em>Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview</em> is an indispensable scholarly work that combines classical apologetics with fundamental philosophical concepts. It is sure to provide a solid platform by which the Christian can conduct his or her intellectual life. It also exemplifies the intellectual rigor that we have come to know in J.P. Moreland and William Lane Craig.</li><li><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_B6177_1">Aristotle</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_B6177_1"></A> once said that the unexamined life is not worthy to be lived. With this book, one is well on their way to an examined life. It is high quality indeed. </li></ol></FONT><BR><u>Contents</u> <FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">Outline of the Book<BR>An Invitation to Christian Philosophy  1<BR><b>Part I  Introduction</b><li>What Is Philosophy?  11</li><li>Argumentation and Logic  28<BR><b>Part II  Epistemology</b></li><li>Knowledge and Rationality  71</li><li>The Problem of Skepticism  91</li><li>The Structure of Justification  110</li><li>Theories of Truth and Postmodernism  130</li><li>Religious Epistemology  154<BR><b>Part III  Metaphysics</b></li><li>What Is Metaphysics?  173</li><li>General Ontology: Existence, Identity and Reductionism  187</li><li>General Ontology: Two Categories  Property and Substance  204</li><li>The Mind-Body Problem: Dualism  228</li><li>The Mind-Body Problem: Alternatives to Dualism  247</li><li>Free Will and Determinism  267</li><li>Personal Identity and <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_978.htm">Life after Death</A><SUP>2</SUP>  285<BR><b>Part IV  Philosophy of Science</b></li><li>Scientific Methodology  307</li><li>The Realism-Antirealism Debate  326</li><li>Philosophy and the Integration of Science and Theology  346</li><li>Philosophy Of Time and Space  368<BR><b>Part V  Ethics</b></li><li>Ethics, Morality and Metaethics  393</li><li>Ethical Relativism and Absolutism  406</li><li>Normative Ethical Theories: Egoism and Utilitarianism  425</li><li>Normative Ethical Theories: Deontological and Virtue Ethics  446<BR><b>Part VI  Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology</b></li><li>The Existence of God (I)  463</li><li>The Existence of God (II)  482</li><li>The Coherence of Theism (I)  - 501</li><li>The Coherence of Theism (II)  517</li><li>The Problem of Evil  536</li><li>Creation, Providence and Miracle  554</li><li>Christian Doctrines (I): The Trinity  575</li><li>Christian Doctrines (II): The Incarnation  597</li><li>Christian Doctrines (III): Christian Particularism  615<BR>Suggestions for Further Reading  627<BR>Name Index  640<BR>Subject Index  642<BR>Scripture Index  654 </li></ol></FONT><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U> (<a name="2"></a>"<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6177.htm">Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane) - Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview</A>")</B><a name="On-Page_Link_B6177_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_B6177_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: Actually, it was Plato s Socrates. For an unappreciative comment by Julian Baggini in <em>The Guardian</em>  see <a name="W1747W"></a><A HREF = "https://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2005/may/12/features11.g24" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>. <BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><B>BOOK COMMENT: </B><BR><BR>InterVarsity Press (1 April 2003)</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_19/PaperSummary_19746.htm">Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane) - An Invitation to Christian Philosophy</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane) - Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><u>Notes</u><ol type="1"><li><b>My Initial Thoughts</b>: <ul type="disc"><li>This isn t a book on the philosophy of Christianity, whereby the tenets of Christianity are investigated using the tools of analytic philosophy. Rather, it is a book for Christians  those who have (for whatever reason)  a prior and irrevocable belief in Christianity (the book would say  Christ ), and wish to  have their minds toughened up a bit . </li><li>I have no doubt there will be many useful spin-offs for the uncommitted, since Moreland and Craig are competent philosophers. But the intentions of the book must not be lost sight of (and no doubt the intentions will be  in your face throughout).</li><li>So, while the Christian doctrines will be up for discussion, there will never be any chance that one of them will be overthrown in an evangelical tome. The reader will be left with the impression that all avenues have been covered, but they will not have been. </li><li>My main initial concern is that analytic philosophy is (to use <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P19746_1">Dennett s</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P19746_1"></A> expression concerning Evolution) the  universal acid . It is  or ought to be  prior to any other discipline. It is not the hand-maiden of theology (or of science, for that matter), but asks questions more fundamental than any other disciplines (apart from its own sub-discipline of <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P19746_2">metaphilosophy</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P19746_2"></A>). </li><li>So, while everyone comes to philosophy with lots of intellectual baggage, the tradition since Socrates has been that our prior beliefs are confused and are to be critiqued and initially thrown into further confusion before (hopefully) being sorted out by philosophical analysis. Everything is up for grabs. </li><li>Hence, to use the techniques of the discipline to find better reasons to believe what you believed before  on <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P19746_3">instinct</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P19746_3"></A> is  strictly speaking  an abuse of the discipline, even if most philosophers are tempted to follow this path. It is not pure philosophy, but applied philosophy (or a particular application of  philosophical <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P19746_4">methods</A></U><SUB>4</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P19746_4"></A> ). </li><li>Anyway, we now proceed to a discussion of the actual text. </li></ul></li><li><b>Why Philosophy Matters</b> (pp. 1-7)<ul type="disc"><li>The Chapter starts with a long quotation from Charles Malik, speaking in 1980, to the effect that there are two tasks for evangelism <FONT COLOR = "800080">saving the soul and saving the mind</FONT>. Malik bemoans the (then) fact that Christians are too quick to  get on with the job and don t converse with the great minds of the <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P19746_5">past</A></U><SUB>5</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P19746_5"></A>. Nor were they (then) up to scratch when compared to contemporary secular intellectuals, so that the  evangelical mode of thinking had no chance of becoming dominant in the universities. </li><li>The authors broadly agree and ask the reader if he realises that <FONT COLOR = "800080">Enlightenment naturalism and postmodern anti-realism are arrayed in an unholy alliance against a broadly theistic and specifically Christian worldview. </FONT>This seems to misplace the debate. In the UK, at any rate,  the Christian worldview is largely ignored rather than being engaged in  intellectual struggle , and  Enlightenment naturalism has more in common with Christianity than it does with postmodernism, so there s no alliance between these two.</li><li>The authors point out the importance of  the University in shaping our culture and leaders. </li><li>Also, they point out that  the Gospel is always delivered in a context, and in a secular society can seem as  freakish as Hare Krishna, if it is not an  intellectually viable option . </li><li>The authors (<U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P19746_6">correctly</A></U><SUB>6</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P19746_6"></A>) state that  since philosophy is foundational to <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P19746_7">every</A></U><SUB>7</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P19746_7"></A> discipline at the University  it is <FONT COLOR = "800080">the most strategic discipline to be influenced for Christ</FONT>. </li><li>The author s note that there s been a resurgence of Christian influence on  and representation within  <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P19746_8">Anglo-American</A></U><SUB>8</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P19746_8"></A> philosophy departments since the 1960s. The rather pessimistic (but important  as a  call to arms of naturalists) "<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_09/Abstract_9755.htm">Smith (Quentin) - The Metaphilosophy of Naturalism</A>" is references. Skinner thinks a quarter to a third of A-A philosophy professors are theists, but our authors think this is probably optimistic. They also put a different spin on the figures. Smith thinks of this Christian enclave as  a last stronghold of theistic representation in academia, while our authors think of it as a  beachhead . </li><li> </li></ul></li><li><b>An Invitation to Dialogue</b> (p. 7)<ul type="disc"><li></li></ul></li><li><b>My Concluding Thoughts</b> <ul type="disc"><li></li></ul></li></ol></P><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U> ("<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_19/Abstract_19746.htm">Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane) - An Invitation to Christian Philosophy</A>")</B><a name="On-Page_Link_P19746_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P19746_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: In "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_294.htm">Dennett (Daniel) - Darwin's Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meanings of Life</A>". <a name="On-Page_Link_P19746_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P19746_2"><B>Footnote 2</B></A></U>: See "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_03/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_3806.htm">Williamson (Timothy) - The Philosophy of Philosophy</A>". <a name="On-Page_Link_P19746_3"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P19746_3"><B>Footnote 3</B></A></U>: To adapt the famous quotation from Bradley   Metaphysics is the finding of bad reasons for what we believe upon instinct (see <A HREF = "https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/F._H._Bradley" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>). <a name="On-Page_Link_P19746_4"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P19746_4"><B>Footnote 4</B></A></U>: By analogy with Mathematics. <a name="On-Page_Link_P19746_5"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P19746_5"><B>Footnote 5</B></A></U>: Malik would have the Christian spend years poring over Plato, Aristotle or Augustine. <a name="On-Page_Link_P19746_6"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P19746_6"><B>Footnote 6</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Actually, there are disputes amongst philosophers, and between philosophers of  X and practitioners of  X , as to whether  philosophy of X is logically prior to, and normative for,  X , or whether it is merely descriptive and clarificatory. </li><li>See "<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_08/Abstract_8129.htm">Shapiro (Stewart) - What Is So Interesting about Mathematics (for a Philosopher?)</A>", where X = Mathematics, </li><li>and it is reported that the range of stances goes from  philosophy first to  philosophy last, if at all . </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_P19746_7"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P19746_7"><B>Footnote 7</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Actually, they claim  with the medievals  that theology is the  queen of the sciences , but in theology s absence philosophy will do as a regent. </li><li>My view is that this is entirely wrong  pace Plantinga and his  reformed epistemology  as is demonstrated by the philosophy of religion. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P19746_8"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P19746_8"><B>Footnote 8</B></A></U>: I suspect there s a greater Christian representation in US philosophy departments than in the UK. <BR><BR> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_19/PaperSummary_19815.htm">Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane) - Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview: Introduction</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane) - Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><u>Contents</u> <FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>What Is Philosophy?  11</li><li>Argumentation and Logic  28</li></ol></FONT><BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>COMMENT: </B>Part I</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_19/PaperSummary_19816.htm">Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane) - Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview: Epistemology</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane) - Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><u>Contents</u> <FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Knowledge and Rationality  71</li><li>The Problem of Skepticism  91</li><li>The Structure of Justification  110</li><li>Theories of Truth and Postmodernism  130</li><li>Religious Epistemology  154</li></ol></FONT><BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>COMMENT: </B>Part II</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_19/PaperSummary_19817.htm">Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane) - Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview: Metaphysics</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane) - Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><u>Contents</u> <FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>What Is Metaphysics?  173</li><li>General Ontology: Existence, Identity and Reductionism  187</li><li>General Ontology: Two Categories  Property and Substance  204</li><li>The Mind-Body Problem: Dualism  228</li><li>The Mind-Body Problem: Alternatives to Dualism  247</li><li>Free Will and Determinism  267</li><li>Personal Identity and <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_978.htm">Life after Death</A><SUP>1</SUP>  285 </li></ol></FONT><BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>COMMENT: </B>Part III</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_19/PaperSummary_19818.htm">Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane) - Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview: Philosophy of Science</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane) - Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><u>Contents</u> <FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Scientific Methodology  307</li><li>The Realism-Antirealism Debate  326</li><li>Philosophy and the Integration of Science and Theology  346</li><li>Philosophy Of Time and Space  368 </li></ol></FONT><BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>COMMENT: </B>Part IV</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_19/PaperSummary_19819.htm">Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane) - Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview: Ethics</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane) - Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><u>Contents</u> <FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Ethics, Morality and Metaethics  393</li><li>Ethical Relativism and Absolutism  406</li><li>Normative Ethical Theories: Egoism and Utilitarianism  425</li><li>Normative Ethical Theories: Deontological and Virtue Ethics  446</li></ol></FONT><BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>COMMENT: </B>Part V</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_19/PaperSummary_19820.htm">Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane) - Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview: Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane) - Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><u>Contents</u> <FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>The Existence of God (I)  463</li><li>The Existence of God (II)  482</li><li>The Coherence of Theism (I)  - 501</li><li>The Coherence of Theism (II)  517</li><li>The Problem of Evil  536</li><li>Creation, Providence and Miracle  554</li><li>Christian Doctrines (I): The Trinity  575</li><li>Christian Doctrines (II): The Incarnation  597</li><li>Christian Doctrines (III): Christian Particularism  615 </li></ol></FONT><BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>COMMENT: </B>Part VI</P> <a name="ColourConventions"></a><hr><br><B><U>Text Colour Conventions</U> (see <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</B><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> </center> <BR><HR><BR><center> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T05:09" pubdate>02/08/2018 05:09:42</time> <br><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A> </TD></TR><TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>