<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Isaiah 53: Who is the Suffering Servant? (Aston (Frederick Alfred)) - Theo Todman's Book Collection (Book-Paper Abstracts)</title> <link href="../../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../../TT_ICO.png" /> </head> <a name="Top"></a> <BODY> <div id="header"> <HR><H1>Theo Todman's Book Collection (Book-Paper Abstracts)</H1></div> <hr><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><tr><td colspan =2><A HREF = "../BookSummary_6223.htm">Isaiah 53: Who is the Suffering Servant?</A></td></tr><tr><td colspan =2><A HREF = "../../../Authors/A/Author_Aston (Frederick Alfred).htm">Aston (Frederick Alfred)</a></td></tr><tr><td colspan =2>This Page provides (where held) the <b>Abstract</b> of the above <b>Book</b> and those of all the <b>Papers</b> contained in it.</td></tr><tr><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td><td><A HREF = "../BooksToNotes_6223.htm">Notes Citing this Book</A></td></tr></tr></TABLE></CENTER><hr> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>BOOK ABSTRACT: </B><BR><BR><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_B6223_1">Notes</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_B6223_1"></A></u><ol type="1"><li>Frederic Aston was born in Lithuania in 1899, educated at Princeton Theological Seminary, and was an evangelist to the Jews in New York from 1931 until his death in 1972. He was <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_B6223_2">awarded</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_B6223_2"></A> a DD by the University of Dubuque in 1946. </li><li>Thus, this booklet is simply reprinted by the OBT. It is substantially available on-line at <a name="W1756W"></a><A HREF = "http://www.the-highway.com/articleApr00.html" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>, though without the Introduction by W. Bell Dawson, and with a much shorter preface by Robert H Pfeiffer. There is also (very) slightly more text, so it may be a later edition. The source of the text in the OBT edition is not stated, but the on-line version is attributed  This article was taken from the revised twenty-fourth edition, printed by Great Christian Books, Inc., (Wilmington, Delware), 1977 .</li><li>The booklet has its own translation of Is. 52:13  53:12. </li><li>There s a discussion of two theories concerning the identity of the Servant in Isaiah 53:- <ul type="disc"><li>The Corporate Theory (Israel, or the righteous element thereof)</li><li>The Individual Theory (the Messiah, ie. Jesus) </li></ul></li><li>Naturally, the author comes down on the side of the latter theory, and ends with a challenge to the reader. </li><li>There is also some discussion of (the ethics of, and the need for) substitutionary atonement </li><li>There is some discussion of how the Jews have historically understood Isaiah 53. It seems that Rashi and David Kimhi supported the Corporate Theory, while  the Old Synagogue , Maimonides and some later rabbis supported the Individual Theory, though naturally not taking the Messiah to be Jesus. </li><li>It s an open question whether the OT really does speak of a Messiah. There are lots of prophetic passages that are hard to understand, and some are picked up on later and many others not. The passage in Isaiah 53 is  superficially at least  less obscure than most, and was no-doubt  in the air in the first <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_B6223_3">century</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_B6223_3"></A>. </li><li>It seems to me that Jesus consciously modelled himself on the Suffering Servant (or is portrayed as doing so in the Gospels). Thankfully, Aston doesn t go through the routine of showing how many  prophesies were fulfilled, and going on about  probabilities as does some apologetics. It s not clear (to me, anyway) that crucifixion is obviously implied by the Isaiah passage (though it s not inconsistent), but there are a couple of  prophesies that are consciously  fulfilled in an odd way. <ul type="disc"><li>The  numbering with the transgressors ( rebels in Aston s translation of v. 12), Luke 22:37. </li><li>The grave with the  rich (v. 9)  Aston s translation removes this reference (which survives in the NIV) on the basis of the <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_B6223_4">Dead Sea Scrolls</A></U><SUB>4</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_B6223_4"></A>.</li></ul> </li></ol><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U> (<a name="1"></a>"<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6223.htm">Aston (Frederick Alfred) - Isaiah 53: Who is the Suffering Servant?</A>")</B><a name="On-Page_Link_B6223_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_B6223_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: This is just a brief file-note. I intend to return to this matter in more detail later. <a name="On-Page_Link_B6223_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_B6223_2"><B>Footnote 2</B></A></U>: The OBT booklet doesn t say whether this award was honorary or not. See <a name="W1755W"></a><A HREF = "http://udts.dbq.edu/" TARGET = "_top">Link</A> for the University of Dubuque. <a name="On-Page_Link_B6223_3"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_B6223_3"><B>Footnote 3</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Was the passage ever applied to the Teacher of Righteousness, or otherwise at Qumran?</li><li>See <a name="W5830W"></a><A HREF = "http://sites.stedwards.edu/educationportfolios-npajda/files/2011/12/qumran-messiah-research-paper.pdf" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>, though this seems to be a student s paper. </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_B6223_4"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_B6223_4"><B>Footnote 4</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>There s a textual comparison  though in English  at <a name="W1757W"></a><A HREF = "http://www.hebrew-streams.org/works/qumran/isaiah-53-qumran.pdf" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>, </li><li>Unfortunately, this seems to imply that the reference excised by Aston is actually in the Great Isaiah Scroll. </li></ul> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><B>BOOK COMMENT: </B><ul type="disc"><li>Open Bible Trust, 2013 </li><li>Note this link for a reply to the question why Isaiah 53 is not read in the Synagogues: <a name="W5811W"></a><A HREF = "https://outreachjudaism.org/are-the-jews-hiding-something/" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>. Basically, the Haftorah was added to the Synagogue service when Antiochus Epiphanes forbade the Jews to read the Torah, and the passages  about 5% of the total  were chosen because of their association with the forbidden Torah passages, or with festivals. Isaiah 53 </li><li>For two lectures by Rabbi Tovia Singer on Isaiah 53, see:-<BR>&rarr; Lecture 1: <a name="W5812W"></a><A HREF = "http://outreachjudaism.org/the-suffering-servant-of-isaiah-53-part-1/" TARGET = "_top">Link</A> (79 minutes), and<BR>&rarr; Lecture 2: <a name="W5813W"></a><A HREF = "http://outreachjudaism.org/the-suffering-servant-of-isaiah-53-part-2/" TARGET = "_top">Link</A> (also 79 minutes!) <BR>These are lectures 4a/b of a 24-lecture series,  Let s Get Biblical (<a name="W5829W"></a><A HREF = "https://outreachjudaism.org/lets-get-biblical-audio-series/" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>), which seeks to counter the  Jews for Jesus movement. For Rabbi Singer and  Outreach Judaism , see Wikipedia: <a name="W5828W"></a><A HREF = "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tovia_Singer" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>. </li></ul></P> <a name="ColourConventions"></a><hr><br><B><U>Text Colour Conventions</U> (see <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</B><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL> </center> <BR><HR><BR><center> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T05:11" pubdate>02/08/2018 05:11:07</time> <br><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A> </TD></TR><TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>