Authors Citing this Book: Kaku (Michio)
Amazon Book Description
- Recording memories, mind reading, videotaping our dreams, mind control, avatars, and telekinesis - no longer are these feats of the mind solely the province of overheated science fiction.
- As Michio Kaku reveals, not only are they possible, but with the latest advances in brain science and recent astonishing breakthroughs in technology, they already exist.
- In The Future of the Mind, the New York Times-bestselling author takes us on a stunning, provocative and exhilarating tour of the top laboratories around the world to meet the scientists who are already revolutionising the way we think about the brain - and ourselves.
Amazon Customer Review1
- The main argument: Up until 15 to 20 years ago the instruments and methods used to study the brain were still somewhat primitive. Since this time, however, advances in brain-scanning and brain-probing technology have gone into overdrive--as have the computers needed to make sense of the data from these new technologies. The deluge began in the early to mid 1990's with the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine, and it's more powerful cousin the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) machine, and it hasn't stopped there. In addition to the MRI and fMRI, we now have a host of advanced sensing and probing technologies from the positron emission topography (PET) scan, to magnetoencephalography (MEG), to near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), to optogenetics, to the Clarity technique, to the transcranial electromagnetic scanner (TES), to deep brain stimulation (DBS) and more. In addition to these new scanning and probing technologies we have also advanced greatly in understanding how genes are expressed in the brain.
- The result of these new advances is that we have learned more about the brain and how it works in the past 15 years than in all of history put together. And we are beginning to see real-world applications of this new understanding. For example, in the past decade we have learned to read the brain's functioning to the point where we can now create rough images and video footage of thoughts and even dreams and imaginings; use the brain to directly control computers, and anything computers can control--including prosthetics (and even have these prosthetics send sensations back to the brain); implant and remove simple memories in the brain; create primitive versions of artificial brain structures; and also unravel at least some of the mysteries of mental illness and disease.
- And this is just the beginning. Scientists continue to refine the scanners and probes that have recently been invented. What's more, governments are beginning to put up real money to fund major projects designed to help solve the remaining mysteries of the mind. For example, in 2013 both the United States and the European Union announced significant funding for two ambitious projects whose ultimate goal is to give a full map, model and even simulation of the human brain.
- Specifically, the American government contributed over $3 billion to the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (or BRAIN) Initiative, while the European powers contributed over $1.5 billion for the Human Brain Project.
- What this means is that we can look forward to a time when some of the early advancements we've made in understanding and manipulating the brain will reach full maturity. A time when we will interact with computers directly with our thoughts (and paraplegics will power exoskeletons directly with theirs); a time when we can share our thoughts, memories, dreams, and imaginings directly with others; a time when we can upload2 knowledge and skills directly into our brains; a time when we will have a full understanding of mental illness and disease--and the power to cure them.
- And not only does the future of neuroscience promise these great feats, it also promises to help us develop the coping stone of all technologies: artificial intelligence. Indeed, while artificial intelligence has progressed in leaps and bound in recent years, it still remains fairly limited. A big part of this has to do with the fact that we have modeled our artificial intelligence machines based on how we think the mind should work, rather than on how it actually works. With our new knowledge of how the mind does work, however, the prospect of creating AI machines with human-level intelligence becomes ever more real.
- The high point of the book is that Kaku gives a very nice overview of the latest developments in neuroscience, as well as where the field is headed next. The weak point of the book is that Kaku occasionally veers way off topic, and occasionally gets carried away on wild flights of speculative fancy (to give just one example, I wasn't expecting, and didn't appreciate, a full chapter of speculation about what alien intelligence--if it exists--might look like). Still, the book certainly contains a lot of very interesting and valuable information about the latest in brain science, and it definitely gets the imagination going.
- A full summary of the book is available at newbooksinbrief.com
In-Page Footnotes ("Kaku (Michio) - The Future of the Mind: The Scientific Quest To Understand, Enhance and Empower the Mind")
Review Table of Contents
- This review is from newbooksinbrief.com and is effectively the Introduction to #54. A Summary of ‘The Future of the Mind: The Scientific Quest to Understand, Enhance, and Empower the Mind’ by Michio Kaku.
- The link (Link) gives a bit more, but for the full summary you have to pay $2.49.
- The TOC of the Review – but NOT of the book, which has a different structure – appears below …
Part I: A Crash Course In What Was Known Of The Human Brain Leading Up To The Brain-Imaging Revolution Of The 1990’s
Section A: The Evolution of the Brain
- The Evolution of the Brain: From the Reptilian Brain to the Human Brain
Section B: Different Functions in Separate Areas of the Human Brain
- 1a. The Reptilian Brain
- 1b. The Mammalian Brain
- 1c. The Human Brain
- The Two Hemispheres of the Brain
- 2a. Left to Right, Right to Left
- 2b. The Motor Cortex
- The Asymmetrical Brain
- 3a. The Language Centers of the Brain: Broca’s Area and Wernicke’s Area
- 3b. Left-Brained Vs. Right-Brained
- 3c. Miscellaneous Functions in the Brain
- Neurons and Connections
Part II: The Brain-Imaging Revolution, And The Recent Advances In Neuroscience (And a Prelude Of What Is To Come Next)
Section C: The Brain-Imaging Revolution
- MRI and fMRI (and Other Brain Imaging Technologies)
- 5a. MRI and fMRI
- 5b. Other Brain-Imaging Technologies
- Advances in Brain-Probing Technology
- 6a. Transcranial Electromagnetism
- 6b. Optogenetics
- Advances in Brain-Therapy Technology
Section D: Recent Advances in Neuroscience (and a Prelude of What Is to Come Next)
- Telepathy: The Ability to Read Thoughts, Scenes, Dreams, and Imaginings
- 8a. Mind Reading
- 8b. Recreating Scenes, Dreams and Imaginings
- Telekinesis: Using the Brain to Control Computers
- The Remembering Brain
- 10a. How Memory Works
- 10b. Manipulating Memory
… i. Eliminating a Memory
… ii. Uploading and Downloading Memories
- Boosting Memory and Intelligence
Part III: The Future Of The Mind: From Brain Research To Artificial Intelligence
- 11a. Boosting Memory
- 11b. Boosting Intelligence
Section E: The Brain Projects
- The Human Brain Project
- The BRAIN Initiative
Section F. Artificial Intelligence
- The State of AI
- Where AI Is Heading
- 15a. Artificial Intelligence and Neural Networks
- 15b. Robots with Value Systems and Emotions
… i. Robots with Value Systems
… ii. Robots with Emotions
- 15c. Robots with Self-Awareness
- Appendix: Michio Kaku’s ‘Space-Time Theory of Consciousness’
- a. Introduction
- b. Level 0 Consciousness
- c. Level I Consciousness
- d. Level II Consciousness
- e. Level III Consciousness
Allen Lane (25 Feb 2014)
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2020
- Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)