The Origin and Development of Moral Ideas, Volume 2
Westermarck (Edward)
This Page provides (where held) the Abstract of the above Book and those of all the Papers contained in it.
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From the Preface to Volume 1

  1. “The frequent references made in the present work, on my own authority, to customs and ideas prevalent among the natives of Morocco, require a word of explanation. Seeing the close connection between moral opinions and magic and religious beliefs, I thought it might be useful for me to acquire firsthand knowledge of the folk-lore of some non-European people, and for various reasons I chose Morocco as my field of research.
  2. During the four years I spent there, largely amongst its country population, I have not only collected anthropological data, but tried to make myself familiar with the native way of thinking; and I venture to believe that this has helped me to understand various customs occurring at a stage of civilisation different from our own. …
  3. All the time I had the valuable assistance of my Moorish friend Shareef ‘Abd-es-Salam el-Bakkali, to whom credit is due for the kind reception I invariably received from peasants and mountaineers, not generally noted for friendliness towards Europeans.”

  1. The Right of Property
  2. The Right of Property (concluded)
  3. The Regard for Truth and Good Faith
  4. The Regard for Truth and Good Faith (concluded)
  5. The Respect for Other Men’s Honour and Self-Regarding Pride – Politeness
  6. Regard for Other Persons’ Happiness In General – Gratitude – Patriotism and Cosmopolitanism
  7. The Origin and Development of the Altruistic Sentiment
  8. Suicide
  9. Self-Regarding Duties and Virtues – Industry – Rest
  10. Restrictions in Diet
  11. Restrictions in Diet (concluded)
  12. Cleanliness and Uncleanliness – Asceticism in General
  13. Marriage
  14. Celibacy
  15. Free Love – Adultery
  16. Homosexual Love
  17. Regard for the Lower Animals
  18. Regard for the Dead
  19. Cannibalism
  20. The Belief in Supernatural Beings
  21. Duties to Gods
  22. Duties to Gods (concluded)
  23. Gods as Guardians of Morality
  24. Gods as Guardians of Morality (continued)
  25. Conclusion
    Additional Notes
    Authorities Quoted
    Subject Index


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  1. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2019
  2. Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)

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