<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality (Loux (Michael), Ed.) - Theo Todman's Book Collection (Book-Paper Abstracts)</title> <link href="../../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../../TT_ICO.png" /> </head> <a name="Top"></a> <BODY> <div id="header"> <HR><H1>Theo Todman's Book Collection (Book-Paper Abstracts)</H1></div> <hr><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><tr><td colspan =2><A HREF = "../BookSummary_6554.htm">The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality</A></td></tr><tr><td colspan =2><A HREF = "../../../Authors/L/Author_Loux (Michael).htm">Loux (Michael)</a>, Ed.</td></tr><tr><td colspan =2>This Page provides (where held) the <b>Abstract</b> of the above <b>Book</b> and those of all the <b>Papers</b> contained in it.</td></tr><tr><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td><td><A HREF = "../BookCitings_6554.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Book</A></td></tr></tr></TABLE></CENTER><hr> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>BOOK ABSTRACT: </B><BR><BR><u>Amazon Customer Review</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li><em>The Possible and the Actual</em> is one of the best, if not the best, readers in the metaphysical of <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modality</A><SUP>1</SUP>. It is comprised of 15 different essays (12 of which have been previously published). The 15 essays focus around two "themes": the nature/status of possible worlds and the problem of transworld identity. The essays, except for the introduction, are organized chronologically, tracing these themes as they emerged. Consequently, reading straight through this analogy will give the reader a clear sense of how the various views were developed, changed, and challenged. All of the essays are well chosen, and many are already well-known and important. It also includes a lengthy bibliography.</li><li>Overall, this is a great analogy. One noteworthy feature of this analogy is Loux's 50 page introduction, which provides a clear and substantial introduction to <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>2</SUP> concepts, while also relating them to the essays. The only qualm I have is the noticeable lack of any essays by Kripke (due to problems regarding permission). But this does not substantially mar the book. Some will already have many of these essays; and the utility of this volume will consist in possessing them all together along with the introductory essay. For those who have a passing knowledge of the metaphysics of <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modality</A><SUP>3</SUP>, or would like a more substantial treatment of it, <em>The Possible and the Actual</em> will be well worth the read. </li></ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><B>BOOK COMMENT: </B><BR><BR>Cornell University Press (31 Dec. 1979)</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22853.htm">Adams (Robert Merrihew) - Theories of Actuality</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Loux (Michael), Ed. - The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_102.htm">Chisholm (Roderick) - Identity Through Possible Worlds: Some Questions</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Nous, Vol. 1, No. 1, Mar., 1967, pp. 1-8<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Write-up <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1084.htm">Note</A><SUP>1</SUP><BR><BR>For a prcis, see this <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1084.htm">Note</A><SUP>2</SUP>.<BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>COMMENT: </B>Also in "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6554.htm">Loux (Michael), Ed. - The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality</A>".</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22851.htm">Cresswell (Max J.) - The World is Everything That Is the Case</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Loux (Michael), Ed. - The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22849.htm">Hintikka (Jaakko) - The Modes of Modality</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Loux (Michael), Ed. - The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22854.htm">Kaplan (David) - How to Russell a Frege-Church</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Loux (Michael), Ed. - The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22850.htm">Kaplan (David) - Transworld Heir Lines</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Loux (Michael), Ed. - The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_111.htm">Lewis (David) - Counterpart Theory and Quantified Modal Logic</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Lewis - Philosophical Papers Volume I, Part 1: Ontology, Chapter 3<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>In this landmark paper, Lewis outlines his theory of <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modality</A><SUP>1</SUP> and counterparts. The eight postulates constitutive of Lewis's counterpart theory are expressed in an extensional first-order language that replaces the <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>2</SUP> operators (characteristic of traditional quantified <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal logic)</A><SUP>3</SUP> with four primitive predicates: <BR>& 'x is a possible world', <BR>& 'x is in possible world y', <BR>& 'x is actual', and <BR>& 'x is a counterpart of y'. </li><li>Upon presenting a scheme for translating sentences expressed in quantified <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal logic</A><SUP>4</SUP> into those expressed in his preferred extensional language, Lewis demonstrates that the latter is nevertheless a richer language; while every sentence of quantified <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal logic</A><SUP>5</SUP> may be translated into a sentence expressed in counterpart theory, the reverse is not the case. </li><li>Lewis concludes the paper by considering the implications of his view for several well-known topics (notably, Aristotelian essentialism). </li><li>The postscript includes numerous additions and emendations (including a specification of the primitive predicate, 'x is in possible world y').</li></ol><BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>COMMENT: </B>Also in "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6554.htm">Loux (Michael), Ed. - The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality</A>".</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_507.htm">Lewis (David) - Possible Worlds</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Laurence & Macdonald - Contemporary Readings in the Foundations of Metaphysics<BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>COMMENT: </B><ul type="disc"><li>Also in "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_424.htm">Loux (Michael), Ed. - Metaphysics - Contemporary Readings</A>" </li><li>and in "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1190.htm">Various - Papers on Logic & Metaphysics Boxes: Vol 1 (Coursework & A-E)</A>" </li><li>and in "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6554.htm">Loux (Michael), Ed. - The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality</A>"</li></ul></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22838.htm">Loux (Michael) - Modality and Metaphysics</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Loux (Michael), Ed. - The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality, Introduction<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22856.htm">Lycan (William) - The Trouble with Possible Worlds</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Loux (Michael), Ed. - The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22855.htm">Mondadori (Fabrizio) & Morton (Adam) - Modal Realism: The Poisoned Pawn</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Loux (Michael), Ed. - The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_01/PaperSummary_1988.htm">Plantinga (Alvin) - Actualism and Possible Worlds</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Loux - Metaphysics - Contemporary Readings<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><U>Philosophers Index Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">I argue that the canonical conception of possible worlds is defective in that it implies that there are things that don't exist; I suggest an alternative conception that does not suffer from that defect.</ol></FONT><BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>COMMENT: </B>Also in "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6554.htm">Loux (Michael), Ed. - The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality</A>".</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PaperSummary_16227.htm">Plantinga (Alvin) - Transworld Identity or Worldbound Individuals?</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Plantinga - The Nature of Necessity, Chapter 6; pp. 88-121 (34)<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><U>Contents</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>The Question  88</li><li>Socrates in alpha and Socrates in W  89</li><li>The Problem of Transworld Identity  92<BR>& A. The Problem Stated  92<BR>& B. A Temporal Analogy  94<BR>& C. The Problem Resolved  96<BR>& D. Essence and Transworld Identity  97<BR>& E. Does Ramsification Destroy Information?  99</li><li>Objections to TWI  101</li><li>Counterpart Theory  102</li><li>Semantic Inadequacies of Counterpart Theory  108<BR>& A. Socrates and Xenophon  109<BR>& B. Socrates and Socrates-identity  110</li><li>Metaphysical Inadequacies of Counterpart Theory  114</li></ol><BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>COMMENT: </B>Also in "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6370.htm">Schwartz (Stephen P.), Ed. - Naming, Necessity and Natural Kinds</A>" & "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6554.htm">Loux (Michael), Ed. - The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality</A>".</P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22852.htm">Rescher (Nicholas) - The Ontology of the Possible</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Loux (Michael), Ed. - The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality<BR></P> <P ALIGN = "Justify"><FONT Size = 2 FACE="Arial"><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR><BR>"<B><A HREF = "../../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_508.htm">Stalnaker (Robert) - Possible Worlds</A></B>"<BR><BR><B>Source</B>: Stalnaker - Ways a World Might Be, Chapter 1<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><BR><U>Philosophers Index Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>This paper explores David Lewis's four <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P508_1">theses</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P508_1"></A> on possible worlds. </li><li>It is argued that these constitute a doctrine called extreme realism about possible worlds, which is deemed false. </li><li>However, these theses need not be accepted or rejected as a package. </li><li>The independence of the more plausible parts of the package is shown to defend the coherence of a more moderate form of realism about possible worlds, one that may be justified by common <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>2</SUP> opinions and defended as a foundation for a theory about the activities of rational agents. </li></ol></FONT><BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>COMMENT: </B><ul type="disc"><li>Part I - Ways and Worlds. </li><li>Also in "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_423.htm">Laurence (Stephen) & Macdonald (Cynthia), Eds. - Contemporary Readings in the Foundations of Metaphysics</A>"; </li><li>and in "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_806.htm">Honderich (Ted) & Burnyeat (Myles) - Philosophy as it Is</A>" and "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6554.htm">Loux (Michael), Ed. - The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality</A>"; </li><li>Photocopy filed in "<A HREF = "../../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_05/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_5986.htm">Various - Papers on Logic & Metaphysics Boxes: Vol 3 (O-Z)</A>".</li></ul></P><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U> ("<A HREF = "../../../Abstracts/Abstract_00/Abstract_508.htm">Stalnaker (Robert) - Possible Worlds</A>")</B><a name="On-Page_Link_P508_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P508_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: Stalnaker gives these as:- <FONT COLOR = "800080"><ul type="disc"><li>1. Possible worlds exist.</li><li>2. Other possible worlds are things of the same sort as the actual world.</li><li>3. The indexical analysis of the adjective  actual is the correct analysis.</li><li>4. Possible worlds cannot be reduced to something more basic. </FONT> </li></ul> <a name="ColourConventions"></a><hr><br><B><U>Text Colour Conventions</U> (see <A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</B><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> </center> <BR><HR><BR><center> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-03T00:01" pubdate>03/08/2018 00:01:09</time> <br><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A> </TD></TR><TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>