Messiahs and Resurrection in 'The Gabriel Revelation'
Knohl (Israel)
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BOOK ABSTRACT:

Amazon Book Description

  1. This work offers an exploration of the formation of the conception of 'catastrophic messianism' in the Gabriel Revelation.
  2. It features the first discussion of the recently discovered text "The Gabriel Revelation" - an apocalyptic text written on stone at the turn of the Common Era. This tablet provides revolutionary paths to the understanding of the historical Jesus and the birth of Christianity.
  3. It explores the formation of the conception of 'catastrophic messianism' in the Gabriel Revelation. According to this conception, the death of a messianic leader and his resurrection by the angel Gabriel after three days is an essential part of the redemptive process. This conception is a new key which enables us for the first time to understand the messianic vision of the historical Jesus.
  4. This important and fascinating book will thus shed new and revolutionary light on our basic view of Christianity.
  5. The Robert and Arlene Kogod Library of Judaic Studies publishes new research which provides new directions for modern Jewish thought and life and which serves to enhance the quality of dialogue between classical sources and the modern world. This book series reflects the mission of the Shalom Hartman Institute, a pluralistic research and leadership institute, at the forefront of Jewish thought and education. It empowers scholars, rabbis, educators and layleaders to develop new and diverse voices within the tradition, laying foundations for the future of Jewish life in Israel and around the world.

Amazon Customer Review
  1. Israel Knohl brings to light the Gabriel Revelation inscribed on a memorial stone dating to the beginning of the first century CE. Knohl theorizes that the inscription memorializes the failed Jewish revolt of 4 CE in which one of its celebrated leaders, Simon, suffered an inglorious death at the hands of his enemies.
  2. Knohl offers a serious challenge to modern critical scholars who would like us to believe that the idea of a suffering and dying messiah was written back into the gospels after the fact. As he had done in his previous book, The Messiah before Jesus, Knohl offers some unique insights into the origins of Christianity.
  3. The idea of a suffering and dying Messiah Son of Joseph or Ephraim in the Gabriel Revelation, which Knohl refers to as "catastrophic messianism", may have been the product of certain apocalyptic, messianic Jewish groups in the early first century who believed they were living in the end times. Jesus predictions of his own suffering and death were probably authentic and not a post-resurrection belief projected back onto him. The triumphant Messiah Son of David who was not supposed to be conquered by his enemies may have been Jesus' future role, but Jesus perceived his earthly role as the suffering Messiah whose sacrificial death would trigger the end-times.
  4. In Mark 12:35-37, Jesus refutes his present role as the Messiah Son of David by quoting Psalm 110.
  5. I would add that Albert Schweitzer also proposed the idea that Jesus' saw his own suffering and death as a sacrifice which would provoke God into inaugurating the end times and manifesting His Kingdom on Earth.
  6. Knohl demonstrates how the Gabriel Revelation was influenced by the books of Daniel and Zechariah and has parallel ideas in the Testament of Moses written at about the same time. The 11th chapter of Revelation also reflect ideas found in the Gabriel Revelation.
  7. Knohl offers thought-provoking interpretations of prophecy. The moon turning into blood in the book of Joel, symbolized by the lunar eclipse at the time of the Jewish revolt of 4 CE, represents the blood of the righteous martyrs ascending to Heaven to provoke God to take action in judging the wicked. The exaltation of Caesar Augustus as Son of God and saviour was reversed by his Jewish enemies as the son of Belial. This same idea of Caesar as antichrist was taken up by the book of Revelation.
  8. The idea of a suffering and dying Messiah was not created in a vacuum by evangelists but was a role which Jesus took upon himself.

BOOK COMMENT:



"Halkin (Hillel) - Blurry 'Vision of Gabriel'"

Source: The New York Sun, July 2008

COMMENT:



"Knohl (Israel) - Messiahs and Resurrection in 'The Gabriel Revelation'"

Source: Knohl (Israel) - Messiahs and Resurrection in 'The Gabriel Revelation'



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  1. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2018
  2. Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)



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