The Turing Test: The Elusive Standard of Artificial Intelligence
Moor (James H.), Ed.
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BOOK ABSTRACT:

Preface

  1. In 1950 Alan Turing (1912-1954) published his famous article, "Turing (Alan) - Computing Machinery and Intelligence" in the journal Mind. This article is arguably the most influential and widely read article in the philosophy of artificial intelligence. Indeed, most of the debate in the philosophy of artificial intelligence over the last fifty years concerns issues that were raised and discussed by Turing. Turing's genius was not only in developing the theory of computability but also in understanding the impact, both practical and philosophical, that computing machinery would have. Turing believed that computers, if properly designed and educated, could exhibit intelligent behavior, even behavior that would be indistinguishable from human intelligent behavior. His vision of the possibility of machine intelligence has been highly inspiring and extremely controversial.
  2. In this classic article Turing presented his well known imitation game and predicted that about the year 2000 "an average interrogator will not have more than 70 per cent chance of making the right identification after five minutes of questioning" in the imitation game. Based on the results of the Loebner 2000 contest and the accomplishments in the field of AI, as impressive as they are, Turing's prediction remains unfulfilled. Therefore, this is an appropriate time to reassess the Turing test.
    → How should the Turing test be understood in light of recently published materials by Turing?
    → What is the status of traditional criticisms of the test?
    → Can the Turing test be defended against such criticisms?
    → What are new criticisms of the test?
    → Are there superior tests that might replace the Turing test?
    → What is the significance of the Loebner contests?
    → Does the Turing test have a future in AI or has it outworn its usefulness?
  3. For fifty years the Turing test has been the elusive standard in artificial intelligence. Should it be a standard in artificial intelligence at all? Why hasn't it been passed? And what conclusions should we draw if it were passed? This book contains insightful papers that address the basic issues about the nature and viability of the Turing test. The book has the most recent scholarship on the subject and yet provides an overview of the last half century debate about the merits of test. The book should serve as an aid to scholars and a guide to students. Of course, it is also intended as a tribute to Alan Turing, a mathematician and philosopher much ahead of his time.

Contents1
  1. Selmer Bringsjord, Paul Bello, David Ferrucci: Creativity, the Turing Test, and the (Better) Lovelace Test, in: Minds and Machines 11(1): 3-27; Feb 2001
  2. B. Jack Copeland: The Turing Test, in: Minds and Machines 10(4): 519-539; Nov
    2000
  3. Bruce Edmonds: The Constructibility of Artificial Intelligence (as Defined by the Turing Test), in: Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9(4): 419-424; Oct 2000
  4. Gerald J. Erion: The Cartesian Test for Automatism, in: Minds and Machines11(1): 29-39; Feb 2001
  5. S. Hamad: Minds, Machines and Turing, in: Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9(4): 425-445; Oct 2000
  6. Larry Hauser: Look Who's Moving the Goal Posts Now, in: Minds and Machines 11(1): 41-51; Feb 2001
  7. James H. Moor: The Status and Future of the Turing Test, in: Minds and Machines 11(1): 77-93; Feb 2001
  8. Gualtiero Piccinini: Turing's Rules for the Imitation Game, in: Minds and Machines 10(4): 573-582; Nov 2000
  9. William J. Rapaport: How to Pass a Turing Test, in: Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9(4): 467-490; Oct 2000
  10. Edmund M.A. Ronald: Intelligence is not Enough: On the Socialization of Talking Machines, in: Minds and Machines 11(4): 567-576; Nov 2001
  11. Ayse Pinar Saygin, Ilyas Cicekli, Varol Akman: Turing Test: 50 Years Later, in: Minds and Machines 10(4): 463-518; Nov 2000
  12. Susan G. Sterrett: Turing's Two Tests for Intelligence, in: Minds and Machines 10(4): 541-559; Nov 2000
  13. Saul Traiger: Making the Right Identification in the Turing Test, in: Minds and Machines 10(4): 561-572; Nov 2000
  14. Sean Zdenek: Passing Loebner's Turing Test: A Case of Conflicting Discourse Functions, in: Minds and Machines 11(1): 53-76; Feb 2001



In-Page Footnotes ("Moor (James H.), Ed. - The Turing Test: The Elusive Standard of Artificial Intelligence")

Footnote 1:
BOOK COMMENT:
  • Springer Science + Business Media, 2003
  • Downloaded during Springer promotion, Dec. 2015



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