<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /> <title>Note: Personal Identity - Research - Proposal (Theo Todman's Web Page)</title> </head><body> <a name="Top"></a> <h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Notes Pages</h1><hr><h2>Personal Identity</h2><h3>Research - Proposal</h3><p class = "Centered">(Text as at 26/09/2007 20:41:17)<br><br>(For earlier versions of this Note, <a href="#TableOfPreviousVersions">see the table at the end</a>)</p><hr> <P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">The <a name="1"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_2.htm">topic</A><SUP>1</SUP> I wish to <a name="2"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_3.htm">research</A><SUP>2</SUP> is  Personal Identity , with the <a name="3"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_4.htm">focus</A><SUP>3</SUP>,<a name="4"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_5.htm"><SUP>4</SUP></A>,<a name="5"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_6.htm"><SUP>5</SUP></A>,<a name="6"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_7.htm"><SUP>6</SUP></A> on the <a name="7"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_8.htm">ontology</A><SUP>7</SUP> of, and persistence criteria for, human <a name="8"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_9.htm">persons</A><SUP>8</SUP> and related <a name="9"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_10.htm">sortals</A><SUP>9</SUP>. Since it is a contingent fact that all existents that are universally agreed to be persons are members of the species homo <a name="10"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_11.htm">sapiens</A><SUP>10</SUP>, we must start with human beings in deciding what persons are. <BR><BR>I will scrutinise certain basic assumptions that I accept. Firstly, that the  identity involved in personal identity is the ordinary logical <a name="11"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_12.htm">notion</A><SUP>11</SUP>. Secondly, that some form of <a name="12"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_13.htm">physicalism</A><SUP>12</SUP> in the philosophy of mind is true and central to the topic. Thirdly, while it is analytic that survival involves identity, that what matters in <a name="13"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_14.htm">survival</A><SUP>13</SUP> is both <a name="14"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_15.htm">physical</A><SUP>14</SUP> & <a name="15"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_16.htm">psychological</A><SUP>15</SUP> <a name="16"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_17.htm">continuity</A><SUP>16</SUP>. <BR><BR>In considering what a person is, I will need to consider <a name="17"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_18.htm">somatic</A><SUP>17</SUP>, <a name="18"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_19.htm">forensic</A><SUP>18</SUP> and <a name="19"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_20.htm">psychological</A><SUP>19</SUP> issues, and, in particular, focus on <a name="20"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_21.htm">self-consciousness</A><SUP>20</SUP> and the first-person <a name="21"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_22.htm">perspective</A><SUP>21</SUP>. I will need to consider semantic and <a name="22"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_23.htm">conceptual</A><SUP>22</SUP> issues as well as ontological issues. <BR><BR>I will focus on two views, namely <a name="23"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">Animalism</A><SUP>23</SUP> and the Constitution <a name="24"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_25.htm">View</A><SUP>24</SUP>. I must consider just what Baker and others mean by  constitution , and evaluate the cogency of the supposedly knock-down  too many minds <a name="25"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_26.htm">argument</A><SUP>25</SUP> that Olson and others have raised against it. <BR><BR>Key questions are whether or not the concept of a person is a natural kind <a name="26"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_27.htm">concept</A><SUP>26</SUP>, and whether the various views take persons sufficiently <a name="27"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_28.htm">seriously</A><SUP>27</SUP>. That is, are persons no more than phase <a name="28"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_29.htm">sortals</A><SUP>28</SUP> of certain <a name="29"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_30.htm">animals</A><SUP>29</SUP> or are they ontological novelties, as Baker suggests? <BR><BR>I will consider the usual problem cases, whether obtained from clinical <a name="30"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_31.htm">observation</A><SUP>30</SUP> or thought <a name="31"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">experiment</A><SUP>31</SUP>, including brain transplant, <a name="32"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_33.htm">fission</A><SUP>32</SUP>, <a name="33"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_34.htm">fusion</A><SUP>33</SUP>, <a name="34"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_35.htm">duplication</A><SUP>34</SUP>, <a name="35"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_36.htm">replication</A><SUP>35</SUP> and <a name="36"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_37.htm">metamorphosis</A><SUP>36</SUP>. In particular, I want to compare <a name="37"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_38.htm">forward</A><SUP>37</SUP> and backward psychological continuity and the role of normal <a name="38"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_39.htm">causality</A><SUP>38</SUP> in preserving identity. However, I need to consider whether all talk of first-person perspectives depends on a, presumably non-existent, Cartesian <a name="39"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_40.htm">Ego</A><SUP>39</SUP>.<BR><BR>Since I m particularly averse to  closest <a name="40"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_41.htm">continuer </A><SUP>40</SUP> theories, I am tempted by <a name="41"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_42.htm">four-dimensionalism</A><SUP>41</SUP> and shared person-stages as a solution to some of the paradoxes where, otherwise, awkward choices have to be made. Since there are acknowledged difficulties for the perdurantist in not being able to <a name="42"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_43.htm">count</A><SUP>42</SUP> tokens of persons and other sortals, I need to address the attempted <a name="43"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_44.htm">solutions</A><SUP>43</SUP>.<a name="44"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_45.htm"><SUP>44</SUP></A><BR><BR>I conclude this document (by way of an end-note) by considering the thought experiment of <a name="45"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_46.htm">teletransportation</A><SUP>45</SUP> to rehearse the key issues. I would need to repeat this exercise for all the favourites, including Unger s <a name="46"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_47.htm">Siliconisation</A><SUP>46</SUP> and Williams s <a name="47"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_48.htm">backup/restore</A><SUP>47</SUP>.<a name="48"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_49.htm"><SUP>48</SUP></A></P> <br><hr><h3 class = "Left">Printable Versions:</h3> <UL><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_1_0_P.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 0, and </li><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_1_1_P_R.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 1 (with reading list), and </li><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_1_1_P.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 1, and </li><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_1_2_P_R.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 2 (with reading list), and </li><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_1_2_P_D.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 2 (with duplicate footnotes indicated), and </li><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_1_2_P.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 2, and </li><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_1_3_P_R.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 3 (with reading list), and </li><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_1_3_P_D.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 3 (with duplicate footnotes indicated), and </li><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_1_3_P.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 3.</li></UL> <a name="TableOfPreviousVersions"></a><BR><HR><h3 class= "Left">Previous Version of this Note:</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=700> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeCenter"><strong>Date</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeRight"><strong>Length</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="70%" class = "BridgeLeft"><strong>Title</strong></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">12/08/2007 10:17:46</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">2956</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_1_39306429.htm">Research - Proposal</A></TD></TR> </TABLE> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><TR> <TH WIDTH="25%">Note last updated</TH> <TH WIDTH="50%">Reading List for this Topic</TH> <TH WIDTH="25%">Parent Topic</TH></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="25%">26/09/2007 20:41:17</TD> <TD WIDTH="50%">None available</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%">None</TD></TR> </TABLE></center> <hr><h3>Summary of Note Links from this Page</h3> <CENTER> <TABLE Class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Animalism</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_30.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Animals</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#ffcccc" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_2.htm"><span title="Low Quality">Background</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_18.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Body</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_48.htm"><span title="Plug Note - 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