<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /> <title>Note: Personal Identity - Natural Kinds (Theo Todman's Web Page)</title> </head><body> <a name="Top"></a> <h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Notes Pages</h1><hr><h2>Personal Identity</h2><h3>Natural Kinds</h3><p class = "Centered">(Text as at 26/11/2007 23:25:26)<br><br>(For other versions of this Note, see the <a href="#LiveVersion">tables at the end</a>)</p><hr> <P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Is the concept of a <a name="1"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_9_39412976.htm">PERSOn</A><SUP>1</SUP> a natural kind concept? Can PERSON be analysed in terms of other concepts, or do we presuppose it? See, for example, <a name="5"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_645.htm">Madell (Geoffrey) - The Identity of the Self</A>" for the alleged unanalysability of the concept PERSON. Maybe I should cover under this head whether SENTIENT BEING (or RATIONAL BEING) is the natural kind concept, and that PERSON, with its social / legal / moral overtones, is something cultures assign. Even so, the concept HUMAN <a name="2"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_30_39412976.htm">ANIMAL</A><SUP>2</SUP> is really the natural kind concept, exemplars of which gains or lose the <a name="3"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_93_39412976.htm">properties</A><SUP>3</SUP> of sentience, rationality, and even the first-person <a name="4"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_22_39412976.htm">perspective</A><SUP>4</SUP>.<BR><BR>When does a natural kind come into existence? Natural kinds are concepts, and such questions are controversial. Side-step this question and simply talk about when the concept becomes instantiated. <BR><BR></P> <a name="LiveVersion"></a><BR><HR><h3 class= "Left">Live Version of this Archived Note</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=700> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeCenter"><strong>Date</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeRight"><strong>Length</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="70%" class = "BridgeLeft"><strong>Title</strong></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">17/08/2018 17:35:31</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">4457</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_27.htm">Natural Kinds</A></TD></TR> </TABLE></CENTER> <a name="TableOfPreviousVersions"></a><BR><HR><h3 class= "Left">Earlier Version of this Note</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=700> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeCenter"><strong>Date</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeRight"><strong>Length</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="70%" class = "BridgeLeft"><strong>Title</strong></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">12/08/2007 10:17:46</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">698</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_27_39306429.htm">Natural Kinds</A></TD></TR> </TABLE></CENTER> <a name="TableOfLaterVersions"></a><BR><HR><h3 class= "Left">Table of the 3 Later Versions of this Note</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=700> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeCenter"><strong>Date</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeRight"><strong>Length</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="70%" class = "BridgeLeft"><strong>Title</strong></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">23/07/2018 00:40:19</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">4457</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_27_43304028.htm">Natural Kinds</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">05/04/2016 23:19:41</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">2453</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_27_42465972.htm">Natural Kinds</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">18/12/2010 19:58:05</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">913</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_27_40530832.htm">Natural Kinds</A></TD></TR> </TABLE></CENTER> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><TR> <TH WIDTH="25%">This version updated</TH> <TH WIDTH="50%">Reading List for this Topic</TH> <TH WIDTH="50%">Parent Topic</TH></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="25%">26/11/2007 23:25:26</TD> <TD WIDTH="50%"><A HREF = "../../PaperCatalogIdentityFullSubTopic_530.htm" TARGET = "_top">Natural Kinds</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="25%"><A href ="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_80.htm">Kinds</A></TD></TR> </TABLE><br><hr><br> <h3>Summary of Notes Links from this Page</h3> <CENTER> <TABLE Class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_30_39412976.htm">Animals</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_22_39412976.htm">First-Person Perspective</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_9_39412976.htm">Person</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_93_39412976.htm">Properties</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">.</TD> </TR> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P class = "Centered">To access information, click on one of the links in the table above (if any).</P> <BR><HR><BR><h3>Summary of Note Links to this Page</h3> <CENTER> <TABLE Class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_23_39412976.htm#1">Concepts</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_23_40050902.htm#1">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_9_39412976.htm#4">Person</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_9_40345373.htm#4">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_29_39412976.htm#4">Phase Sortals</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_733_39412976.htm#8">Thesis - Outline</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P class = "Centered">To access information, click on one of the links in the table above (if any).</P> <BR><HR><BR> <a name="ColourConventions"></a><h3 class = "Left">Text Colour Conventions</h3></center><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL><BR> <center><center><BR><HR><BR><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD><TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD><TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-17T18:25" pubdate>17/08/2018 18:25:15</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR><TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD><TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD><TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD></TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR></BODY></HTML>