<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /> <title>Note: Personal Identity - Biological View (Theo Todman's Web Page)</title> </head><body> <a name="Top"></a> <h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Notes Pages</h1><hr><h2>Personal Identity</h2><h3>Biological View</h3><p class = "Centered">(Text as at 12/06/2018 20:44:10)<br><br>(For earlier versions of this Note, <a href="#TableOfPreviousVersions">see the table at the end</a>)</p><hr> <P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_53_1">Plug Note</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_53_1"></A></u><ul type="disc"><li>The Biological View is that <a name="1"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_7/Notes_734.htm">we are</A><SUP>2</SUP> biological <a name="2"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_1/Notes_113.htm">organisms</A><SUP>3</SUP>, and  in particular  have the <a name="3"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_91.htm">persistence conditions</A><SUP>4</SUP> of biological organisms. Since the organisms we are are obviously human <a name="4"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_30.htm">animals</A><SUP>5</SUP>, this view is effectively just <a name="5"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">Animalism</A><SUP>6</SUP>. </li><li>The BV is to be distinguished from older physicalist variants  in particular the  <a name="6"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_9/Notes_907.htm">Body View</A><SUP>7</SUP> .</li><li>The primary work addressing this topic is<a name="21"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1337.htm">Wilson (Jack) - Biological Individuality - The identity and Persistence of Living Entities</A>", though its focus is on what the persistence criteria of organisms are, rather on whether or not we are organisms.</li><li>For a page of <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_53_8">Links</A></U><SUB>8</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_53_8"></A> to this Note, <a href="Notes_53_Links.htm">Click here</a>.</li><li>Works on this topic that <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_53_9">I ve actually read</A></U><SUB>9</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_53_9"></A>, <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_53_10">include</A></U><SUB>10</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_53_10"></A> the following:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="10"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21327.htm">Baker (Lynne Rudder) - EmbryosandStemCellResearch</A>", Baker</li><li><a name="11"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4282.htm">Baker (Lynne Rudder) - What Am I?</A>", Baker<BR>&rarr; <a name="12"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4426.htm">Olson (Eric) - Reply to Lynne Rudder Baker</A>"</li><li><a name="13"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20713.htm">Bourget (David) & Chalmers (David) - What Do Philosophers Believe?</A>", Bourget&Chalmers</li><li><a name="14"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4303.htm">Carter (William) - Will I Be a Dead Person?</A>", Carter</li><li><a name="22"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1385.htm">DeGrazia (David) - Human Identity and Bioethics</A>", DeGrazia, 2005 <BR>&rarr; <a name="15"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21119.htm">Hershenov (David) - Review of David DeGrazia s Human Identity and Bioethics</A>", Hershenov, 2008</li><li><a name="23"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_130.htm">Olson (Eric) - The Human Animal - Personal Identity Without Psychology</A>", <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_53_11">Olson</A></U><SUB>11</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_53_11"></A><BR>&rarr; <a name="16"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3507.htm">Olson (Eric) - Psychology and Personal Identity</A>"<BR>&rarr; <a name="17"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3508.htm">Olson (Eric) - Persistence</A>"<BR>&rarr; <a name="18"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3509.htm">Olson (Eric) - Why We Need Not Accept the Psychological Approach</A>"</li><li><a name="19"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4739.htm">Olson (Eric) - Was I Ever a Fetus?</A>", Olson </li><li><a name="24"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_03/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_3382.htm">Shoemaker (David) - Personal Identity and Ethics: A Brief Introduction</A>", Shoemaker, 2009 </li><li><a name="25"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1337.htm">Wilson (Jack) - Biological Individuality - The identity and Persistence of Living Entities</A>", Wilson</li></ol></li><li>A reading list (where not covered elsewhere) might start as below. It is somewhat arbitrary as to which works fall under this topic, and which under the <a name="7"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_9/Notes_911.htm">Biological Criterion</A><SUP>12</SUP> or <a name="8"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">Animalism</A><SUP>13</SUP>. I ve tended to have a rather full list of those items above that I ve read, but the  outstanding list is minimalist. <ol type="i"><li><a name="20"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21651.htm">Cerullo (Michael A.) - Uploading and Branching Identity</A>", <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_53_14">Cerullo</A></U><SUB>14</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_53_14"></A></li><li><a name="26"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6471.htm">Young (J.Z.) - An Introduction to the Study of Man</A>", Young</li></ol></li><li>This is mostly a <a name="9"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_7/Notes_737.htm">place-holder</A><SUP>15</SUP>. </li></ul></P> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><HR><h3 class = "Left">In-Page Footnotes:</h3><a name="On-Page_Link_53_1"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_53_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>A number of my philosophical Notes are  promissory notes currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned. </li><li>I ve decided to add some text  whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive  for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.</li><li>As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance. </li><li>The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_53_8"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_53_8"><B>Footnote 8</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>If only a  non-updating run has been made, the links are only one-way  ie. from the page of links to the objects that reference this Note by mentioning the appropriate key-word(s). The links are also only indicative, as they haven t yet been confirmed as relevant. </li><li>Once an updating run has been made, links are both ways, and links from this Notes page (from the  Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note and  Summary of Note Links to this Page sections) are to the  point of link within the page rather than to the page generically. Links from the  links page remain generic. </li><li>There are two sorts of updating runs  for Notes and other Objects. The reason for this is that Notes are archived, and too many archived versions would be created if this process were repeatedly run. </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_53_9"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_53_9"><B>Footnote 9</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Frequently I ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note. </li><li>In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time. </li><li>In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course. </li><li>My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_53_10"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_53_10"><B>Footnote 10</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>I may have read others in between updates of this Note  in which case they will be marked as such in the  References and Reading List below.</li><li>Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected. </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_53_11"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_53_11"><B>Footnote 11</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Olson is one of the primary exponents of the Biological View, so almost anything by him might be cited. </li><li>I ve restricted the list to those items that  in the text or comments I ve incorporated on-line  explicitly use the term. </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_53_14"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_53_14"><B>Footnote 14</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Very tangentially relevant, but <a name="27"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1246.htm">Uploading</a> and the BV are antithetical theories of PID. </li></ul> </center><br> <br><hr><h3 class = "Left">Printable Versions:</h3> <UL><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_53_0_P_R.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 0 (with reading list), and </li><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_53_0_P.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 0.</li></UL> <a name="TableOfPreviousVersions"></a><BR><HR><h3 class= "Left">Table of the Previous 6 Versions of this Note:</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=700> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeCenter"><strong>Date</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeRight"><strong>Length</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="70%" class = "BridgeLeft"><strong>Title</strong></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">10/04/2017 23:38:24</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">1515</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_53_42835985.htm">Biological View</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">27/06/2011 18:57:36</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">702</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_53_40721790.htm">Biological View</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">18/12/2010 19:58:05</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">361</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_53_40530832.htm">Biological View</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">18/08/2009 20:39:50</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">351</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_53_40043861.htm">Biological View</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">26/11/2007 23:25:26</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">299</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_53_39412976.htm">Biological View</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">12/08/2007 10:17:46</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">285</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_53_39306429.htm">Biological View</A></TD></TR> </TABLE> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><TR> <TH WIDTH="25%">Note last updated</TH> <TH WIDTH="50%">Reading List for this Topic</TH> <TH WIDTH="25%">Parent Topic</TH></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="25%">12/06/2018 20:44:10</TD> <TD WIDTH="50%"><A HREF = "../../PaperCatalogIdentityFullSubTopic_456.htm" TARGET = "_top">Biological View</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="25%"><A href ="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">Animalism</A></TD></TR> </TABLE></center> <hr><h3>Summary of Note Links from this Page</h3> <CENTER> <TABLE Class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Animalism</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_30.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Animals</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_737.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Awaiting Attention (Personal Identity)</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_911.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Biological Criterion</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_907.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Body Criterion</span></A></TD> </TR> <TR> <td bgcolor="#b3c6ff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_113.htm"><span title="Plug Note - Reading List TBA">Organisms</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#b3c6ff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_91.htm"><span title="Plug Note - Reading List TBA">Persistence Criteria</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1246.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Uploading</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_734.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">What are We?</span></A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P class = "Centered">To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.</P> <BR><HR><BR><h3>Summary of Note Links to this Page</h3> <CENTER> <TABLE Class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR> <td bgcolor="#ffcccc" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_8/Notes_860.htm#4"><span title="Low Quality">Abbreviations</span></A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_8/Notes_860.htm#5">2</A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_911.htm#2"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Biological Criterion</span></A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_911.htm#15">2</A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_54.htm#9"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Bodily Continuity</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_8/Notes_855.htm#13"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Noonan - Persons and Bodies - Response</span></A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_8/Notes_855.htm#23">2</A></TD> <td bgcolor="#b3c6ff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_91.htm#9"><span title="Plug Note - Reading List TBA">Persistence Criteria</span></A></TD> </TR> <TR> <td bgcolor="#b3ffb3" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_7.htm#7"><span title="High Quality">Thesis - Current Stance</span></A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P class = "Centered">To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.</P> <br><hr><br><CENTER> <h3>Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=950> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B><B>Author</B></B></TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B><B>Title</B></B></TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B><B>Medium</B></B></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Extra Links</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"><B><B>Read?</B></B></TD> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Baker (Lynne Rudder)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">EmbryosandStemCellResearch</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21327.htm#5">Paper</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="High Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Baker (Lynne Rudder)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">What Am I?</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4282.htm#4">Paper</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="High Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4282.htm#7">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Bourget (David) & Chalmers (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">What Do Philosophers Believe?</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20713.htm#1">Paper</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="High Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20713.htm#2">2</A>, <A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20713.htm#3">3</A>, <A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20713.htm#4">4</A>, <A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20713.htm#5">5</A>, <A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20713.htm#6">6</A>, <A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20713.htm#7">7</A>, <A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20713.htm#8">8</A>, <A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20713.htm#9">9</A>, <A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20713.htm#10">10</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Carter (William)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Will I Be a Dead Person?</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4303.htm#1">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4303.htm#2">2</A>, <A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4303.htm#3">3</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Cerullo (Michael A.)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Uploading and Branching Identity</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21651.htm#1">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">DeGrazia (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Human Identity and Bioethics</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1385.htm#1">Book</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1385.htm#3">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">DeGrazia (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Human Identity and Bioethics: Introduction</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6468.htm#12">Paper</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="High Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6468.htm#14">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">DeGrazia (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Human Persons: Numerical Identity and Essence</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6469.htm#4">Paper</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="High Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Persistence</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3508.htm#36">Paper</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="High Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Psychology and Personal Identity</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3507.htm#81">Paper</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="High Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3507.htm#82">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Reply to Lynne Rudder Baker</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4426.htm#4">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Was I Ever a Fetus?</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4739.htm#3">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Why We Need Not Accept the Psychological Approach</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3509.htm#5">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Shoemaker (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Personal Identity and Ethics - Introduction</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_15/Abstract_15110.htm#15">Paper</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="High Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Shoemaker (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Personal Identity and Immortality</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_15/Abstract_15141.htm#40">Paper</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="High Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Abbreviations</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17762.htm#5">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17762.htm#6">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Biological Criterion</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17771.htm#3">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17771.htm#16">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Biological View</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17772.htm#1">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Bodily Continuity</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17773.htm#10">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Current Position</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17894.htm#8">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Persistence Criteria</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17858.htm#10">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Young (J.Z.)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">An Introduction to the Study of Man</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6471.htm#1">Book</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> </TABLE></center> <CENTER> <br><hr><br><h3>References & Reading List</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=950> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Author</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Title</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Medium</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Source</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"><B>Read?</B></TD> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Baker (Lynne Rudder)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">EmbryosandStemCellResearch</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21327.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">UMass Magazine, Spring 2006</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Baker (Lynne Rudder)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">What Am I?</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4282.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="Write-Up Complete"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Philosophy and Phenomenological Research Mar99, Vol. 59 Issue 1, p151, 9p;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Bourget (David) & Chalmers (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">What Do Philosophers Believe?</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20713.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="Copy Annotated"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">PhilPapers Surveys, November 30, 2013</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Bourget (David) & Chalmers (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">What Do Philosophers Believe?</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20713.htm">Paper - Referencing</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="Copy Annotated"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">PhilPapers Surveys, November 30, 2013</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Carter (William)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Will I Be a Dead Person?</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4303.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Copy Annotated"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Philosophy and Phenomenological Research Mar99, Vol. 59 Issue 1, p167, 5p;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Cerullo (Michael A.)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Uploading and Branching Identity</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21651.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Minds & Machines (2015) 25:17 36</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"> 78%</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">DeGrazia (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Human Identity and Bioethics</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1385.htm">Book - Cited</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png" alt="Medium Quality Abstract"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">DeGrazia (David) - Human Identity and Bioethics</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"> 10%</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">DeGrazia (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Human Identity and Bioethics: Introduction</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6468.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">DeGrazia - Human Identity and Bioethics, 2005, Chapter 1</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Henriques (Martha)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Organisms might be quantum machines</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21911.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">BBC Website ("Earth"), 18th July 2016</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Hershenov (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Review of David DeGrazia s Human Identity and Bioethics</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21119.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly, 8:4, Winter 2008</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Papers on Identity Boxes: Vol 13 (Olson)</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_05/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_5972.htm">Book - Cited (via Paper Cited)</A> <img src="../../cancel.png" alt="Low Quality Abstract"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Bibliographical details to be supplied</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"> 24%</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Persistence</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3508.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="Copy Annotated"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">The Human Animal, September 1999, Chapter 2, pp. 22-41</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Persistence</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3508.htm">Paper - Referencing</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="Copy Annotated"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">The Human Animal, September 1999, Chapter 2, pp. 22-41</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Psychology and Personal Identity</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3507.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="Copy Annotated"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">The Human Animal, September 1999, Chapter 1, pp. 7-21</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Reply to Lynne Rudder Baker</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4426.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Philosophy and Phenomenological Research Mar99, Vol. 59 Issue 1, p161, 6p;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">The Human Animal - Personal Identity Without Psychology</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_130.htm">Book - Cited</A> <img src="../../cancel.png" alt="Low Quality Abstract"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric) - The Human Animal - Personal Identity Without Psychology</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Was I Ever a Fetus?</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4739.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Philosophy and Phenomenological Research Mar97, Vol. 57 Issue 1, p95, 18p;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Why We Need Not Accept the Psychological Approach</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3509.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Copy Annotated"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">The Human Animal, September 1999, Chapter 3, pp. 42-72</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Shoemaker (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Personal Identity and Ethics - Introduction</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_15/Abstract_15110.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Shoemaker (David) - Personal Identity and Ethics: A Brief Introduction, 2009, Introduction</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Shoemaker (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Personal Identity and Ethics: A Brief Introduction</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_03/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_3382.htm">Book - Cited</A> <img src="../../cancel.png" alt="Low Quality Abstract"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Shoemaker (David) - Personal Identity and Ethics: A Brief Introduction</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Biological View</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17772.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Write-Up Complete"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Wilson (Jack)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Biological Individuality - The identity and Persistence of Living Entities</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1337.htm">Book - Cited</A> <img src="../../cancel.png" alt="Low Quality Abstract"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Wilson (Jack) - Biological Individuality - The identity and Persistence of Living Entities</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Young (J.Z.)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">An Introduction to the Study of Man</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6471.htm">Book - Cited</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png" alt="Medium Quality Abstract"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Young (J.Z.) - An Introduction to the Study of Man</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> </TABLE> </CENTER> <a name="ColourConventions"></a><br><hr><br><h3 class = "Left">Text Colour Conventions</h3><OL TYPE="1"><li><FONT COLOR = "000000">Black</FONT>: Printable Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><li><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL><BR> <center><BR><HR><BR><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD><TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD><TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time 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