<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /> <title>Note: Personal Identity - Connectedness vs Continuity (Theo Todman's Web Page)</title> </head><body> <a name="Top"></a> <h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Notes Pages</h1><hr><h2>Personal Identity</h2><h3>Connectedness vs Continuity</h3><p class = "Centered">(Text as at 04/02/2018 17:09:36)<br><br>(For earlier versions of this Note, <a href="#TableOfPreviousVersions">see the table at the end</a>)</p><hr> <P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_60_1">Plug Note</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_60_1"></A></u><ul type="disc"><li>When defining <a name="1"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_91.htm">persistence conditions</A><SUP>2</SUP>, we need to distinguish between connectedness and continuity. <ol type="1"><li>Continuity is a transitive relation that relates adjacent stages. </li><li>Connectedness is intransitive and requires enough of the properties of interest to be maintained over time. </li></ol></li><li>At root, this is just the message of the Old Soldier, raised against Locke, and answered by Ancestrals of the  remembers relation.</li><li>Indeed, <a name="13"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_00/Abstract_262.htm">Johnston (Mark) - Human Beings</A>" (Journal of Philosophy, p. 61) describes Continuity as the <u>ancestral</u> of Connectedness. </li><li><a name="2"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_9.htm">Persons</A><SUP>3</SUP>  like <a name="3"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_30.htm">animals</A><SUP>4</SUP>  develop and  <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_60_5">grow</A></U><SUB>5</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_60_5"></A> . We can admit that we have the same animal from <a name="4"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_71.htm">fetus</A><SUP>6</SUP> to <a name="5"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_65.htm">corpse</A><SUP>7</SUP> (with some arguments about the termini). However, do we have the same person? </li><li>I d contend that whatever physical and psychological <a name="6"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_16.htm">discontinuities</A><SUP>8</SUP> the human animal undergoes, we do have the same person where we have a person at all, provided a single <a name="7"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_22.htm">First Person Perspective</A><SUP>9</SUP> (FPP) is maintained. </li><li>If one s character changes radically over time, do you remain the same person? Yes, if we want the child and the adult to be the same person (as we do), or the convert to be the same person as the unbeliever.</li><li>The relevance of this to the present debate is that it is continuity that is relevant to personal identity, and not connectedness. This applies whatever view of Personal Identity we hold. </li><li><a name="17"></a><A HREF = "../../Authors/P/Author_Parfit (Derek).htm">Derek Parfit</A>  who doesn t think identity is <a name="8"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_1/Notes_108.htm">what matters</A><SUP>10</SUP>  holds a different view; that it is connectedness that matters, and so we need have no concern for future <a name="9"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_98.htm">selves</A><SUP>11</SUP> that are psychologically unconnected to our current selves. I think this view is mistaken, as we are locked in to a FPP and will have to experience the fate of that future self, however unconnected. </li><li>Works on this topic that <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_60_12">I ve actually read</A></U><SUB>12</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_60_12"></A>, <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_60_13">include</A></U><SUB>13</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_60_13"></A> the following:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="14"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_15/Abstract_15140.htm">Shoemaker (David) - Personal Identity, Rational Anticipation, and Self-Concern</A>", Shoemaker</li></ol></li><li>I don t  and won t  have a Note on Connectedness <em>per se</em>: this Note will cover all I have to say on the topic. </li><li>However, this note is linked to two others:-<BR>&rarr; <a name="10"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_17.htm">Continuity</A><SUP>14</SUP>, and<BR>&rarr; <a name="11"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_45.htm">Methuselah</A><SUP>15</SUP>.</li><li>So, a rather diminutive reading list might start with:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="15"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_12/Abstract_12114.htm">Belzer (Marvin) - Notes on Relation R</A>", Belzer</li><li><a name="16"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5076.htm">Campbell (Scott) - Is Connectedness Necessary to What Matters in Survival?</A>", Campbell</li></ol></li><li>This is mostly a <a name="12"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_7/Notes_737.htm">place-holder</A><SUP>16</SUP>. </li></ul></P> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><HR><h3 class = "Left">In-Page Footnotes:</h3><a name="On-Page_Link_60_1"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_60_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>A number of my philosophical Notes are  promissory notes currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned. </li><li>I ve decided to add some text  whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive  for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.</li><li>As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance. </li><li>The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_60_5"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_60_5"><B>Footnote 5</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Not necessarily physically  that would be begging the question as to what persons are. </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_60_12"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_60_12"><B>Footnote 12</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Frequently I ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note. </li><li>In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time. </li><li>In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course. </li><li>My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_60_13"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_60_13"><B>Footnote 13</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>I may have read others in between updates of this Note  in which case they will be marked as such in the  References and Reading List below.</li><li>Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected. </li></ul> </center><br> <br><hr><h3 class = "Left">Printable Versions:</h3> <UL><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_60_0_P_R.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 0 (with reading list), and </li><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_60_0_P.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 0, and </li><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_60_1_P.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 1.</li></UL> <a name="TableOfPreviousVersions"></a><BR><HR><h3 class= "Left">Table of the Previous 5 Versions of this Note:</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=700> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeCenter"><strong>Date</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeRight"><strong>Length</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="70%" class = "BridgeLeft"><strong>Title</strong></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">05/04/2016 23:19:41</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">1527</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_60_42465972.htm">Connectedness vs Continuity</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">18/12/2010 19:58:05</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">1198</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_60_40530832.htm">Connectedness vs Continuity</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">26/08/2009 01:14:53</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">1102</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_60_40051052.htm">Connectedness vs Continuity</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">26/11/2007 23:25:26</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">866</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_60_39412976.htm">Connectedness vs Continuity</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">12/08/2007 10:17:46</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">822</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_60_39306429.htm">Connectedness vs Continuity</A></TD></TR> </TABLE> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><TR> <TH WIDTH="25%">Note last updated</TH> <TH WIDTH="50%">Reading List for this Topic</TH> <TH WIDTH="25%">Parent Topic</TH></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="25%">04/02/2018 17:09:36</TD> <TD WIDTH="50%"><A HREF = "../../PaperCatalogIdentityFullSubTopic_441.htm" TARGET = "_top">Connectedness vs Continuity</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="25%"><A href ="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_12.htm">Logic of Identity</A></TD></TR> </TABLE></center> <hr><h3>Summary of Note Links from this Page</h3> <CENTER> <TABLE Class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_30.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Animals</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_737.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Awaiting Attention (Personal Identity)</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_17.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Continuity</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_65.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Corpses</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_71.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Fetuses</span></A></TD> </TR> <TR> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_22.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">First-Person Perspective</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_45.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Methuselah</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#b3c6ff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_91.htm"><span title="Plug Note - Reading List TBA">Persistence Criteria</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#b3c6ff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_9.htm"><span title="Plug Note - Reading List TBA">Person</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_16.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Psychological Continuity</span></A></TD> </TR> <TR> <td bgcolor="#b3c6ff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_98.htm"><span title="Plug Note - Reading List TBA">Self</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_108.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">What Matters</span></A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P class = "Centered">To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.</P> <BR><HR><BR><h3>Summary of Note Links to this Page</h3> <CENTER> <TABLE Class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_54.htm#24"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Bodily Continuity</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_17.htm#8"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Continuity</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_71.htm#6"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Fetuses</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#b3ffb3" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_791.htm#5"><span title="High Quality">Johnston - Human Beings</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_45.htm#4"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Methuselah</span></A></TD> </TR> <TR> <td bgcolor="#b3c6ff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_89.htm#4"><span title="Plug Note - Reading List TBA">Parfit</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#b3ffb3" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_5/Notes_543.htm#6"><span title="High Quality">Personal Identity and Moral Action. T1</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_16.htm#1"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">Psychological Continuity</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#b3c6ff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_910.htm#6"><span title="Plug Note - Reading List TBA">Psychological Criterion</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#b3c6ff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_114.htm#3"><span title="Plug Note - Reading List TBA">Psychological View</span></A></TD> </TR> <TR> <td bgcolor="#ffff4d" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_783.htm#6"><span title="Medium Quality">Strawson - Why I Have No Future</span></A></TD> <td bgcolor="#b3ffb3" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_7.htm#22"><span title="High Quality">Thesis - Current Stance</span></A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P class = "Centered">To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.</P> <br><hr><br><CENTER> <h3>Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=950> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B><B>Author</B></B></TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B><B>Title</B></B></TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B><B>Medium</B></B></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Extra Links</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"><B><B>Read?</B></B></TD> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Hershenov (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Review of Nancy Murphy's 'Bodies and Souls, or Spirited Bodies?'</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21125.htm#23">Paper</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="High Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Johnston (Mark)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Human Beings</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_00/Abstract_262.htm#6">Paper</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="High Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Johnston (Mark)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Is Heaven a Place We Can Get To?</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16428.htm#8">Paper</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="High Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Persistence</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3508.htm#38">Paper</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="High Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3508.htm#70">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Psychology and Personal Identity</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3507.htm#92">Paper</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="High Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3507.htm#124">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Shoemaker (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Personal Identity, Rational Anticipation, and Self-Concern</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_15/Abstract_15140.htm#49">Paper</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="High Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Bodily Continuity</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17773.htm#25">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Connectedness vs Continuity</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17791.htm#1">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Continuity</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17797.htm#9">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Current Position</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17894.htm#23">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Fetuses</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17815.htm#7">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Methuselah</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17842.htm#5">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Parfit</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17855.htm#5">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Psychological Continuity</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17867.htm#2">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Psychological Criterion</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17869.htm#7">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Psychological View</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17870.htm#4">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> </TABLE></center> <CENTER> <br><hr><br><h3>References & Reading List</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=950> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Author</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Title</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Medium</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Source</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"><B>Read?</B></TD> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Belzer (Marvin)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Notes on Relation R</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_12/Abstract_12114.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Analysis, Vol. 56, No. 1, Jan., 1996, pp. 56-62</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Campbell (Scott)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Is Connectedness Necessary to What Matters in Survival?</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5076.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Ratio 14.3, September 2001, pp. 193-202(10).</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Campbell (Scott)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Rapid Psychological Change</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_09/Abstract_9313.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Analysis; Jul2004, Vol. 64 Issue 3, p256-264, 9p</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Hershenov (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Review of Nancy Murphy's 'Bodies and Souls, or Spirited Bodies?'</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21125.htm">Paper - Referencing</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="Write-Up Complete"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Religious Studies, 43:2, June 2007, 237-242</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Johnston (Mark)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Human Beings</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_00/Abstract_262.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="Write-Up Complete"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Journal of Philosophy, Volume 84, Issue 2 (Feb 1987), 59-83</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Johnston (Mark)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Is Heaven a Place We Can Get To?</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16428.htm">Paper - Referencing</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Johnston (Mark) - Surviving Death, 2010</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"> 92%</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Johnston (Mark)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Surviving Death</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_04/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_4033.htm">Book - Referencing (via Paper Referencing)</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png" alt="Medium Quality Abstract"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Bibliographical details to be supplied</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"> 20%</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Persistence</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3508.htm">Paper - Referencing</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="Copy Annotated"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">The Human Animal, September 1999, Chapter 2, pp. 22-41</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Psychology and Personal Identity</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3507.htm">Paper - Referencing</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="Copy Annotated"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">The Human Animal, September 1999, Chapter 1, pp. 7-21</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Olson (Eric)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">The Human Animal - Personal Identity Without Psychology</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_130.htm">Book - Referencing (via Paper Referencing)</A> <img src="../../cancel.png" alt="Low Quality Abstract"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Bibliographical details to be supplied</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Shoemaker (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Personal Identity and Ethics: A Brief Introduction</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_03/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_3382.htm">Book - Cited (via Paper Cited)</A> <img src="../../cancel.png" alt="Low Quality Abstract"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Bibliographical details to be supplied</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Shoemaker (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Personal Identity and Ethics: A Brief Introduction</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_03/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_3382.htm">Book - Referencing (via Paper Referencing)</A> <img src="../../cancel.png" alt="Low Quality Abstract"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Bibliographical details to be supplied</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Shoemaker (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Personal Identity, Rational Anticipation, and Self-Concern</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_15/Abstract_15140.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Shoemaker (David) - Personal Identity and Ethics: A Brief Introduction, 2009, Chapter 2</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Shoemaker (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Personal Identity, Rational Anticipation, and Self-Concern</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_15/Abstract_15140.htm">Paper - Referencing</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Shoemaker (David) - Personal Identity and Ethics: A Brief Introduction, 2009, Chapter 2</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Todman (Theo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Thesis - Connectedness vs Continuity</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17791.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Write-Up Complete"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> </TABLE> </CENTER> <a name="ColourConventions"></a><br><hr><br><h3 class = "Left">Text Colour Conventions</h3><OL TYPE="1"><li><FONT COLOR = "000000">Black</FONT>: Printable Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><li><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><li><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL><BR> <center><BR><HR><BR><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - 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