<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /> <title>Note: Personal Identity - Substance (Theo Todman's Web Page)</title> </head><body> <a name="Top"></a> <h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Notes Pages</h1><hr><h2>Personal Identity</h2><h3>Substance</h3><p class = "Centered">(Text as at 04/07/2015 11:31:12)<br><br>(For other versions of this Note, see the <a href="#LiveVersion">tables at the end</a>)</p><hr> <P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_101_1">Plug</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_101_1"></A> Note</u><ul type="disc"><li>This is a big subject but, basically, I take a substance to be an individual (relatively) self-standing thing (a particular) that has properties that may change over time. </li><li>My specific interest in this topic is whether persons  qua <a name="1"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_9_40345373.htm">persons</A><SUP>2</SUP>  are substances. This depends what the term  person refers to. My contention is that  person is a property (or collection of properties, or an honorific) of a substance rather than a substance in its own right. So, <a name="2"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_24_40043861.htm">animalism</A><SUP>3</SUP> would have it that the substance is the human animal, which for part of its existence has the property of being a person. </li><li>There s the question whether the substance-view is inconsistent with <a name="3"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_42_40530832.htm">perdurantism</A><SUP>4</SUP>, whereby individuals are not wholly present at a time, but are  space-time worms . On this view, for an animalist a person would be a section (or a collection of sections) of the space-time worm that is the human animal. </li><li>Maybe on either view, a person is a <a name="4"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_29_40530832.htm">phase_sortal</A><SUP>5</SUP>. </li><li>I intend to cover this amongst other general metaphysical matters in <a name="5"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_10/Notes_1016_42098012.htm">Chapter_4</A><SUP>6</SUP> of my Thesis.</li><li>The study-list for this topic (restricted to Personal Identity) would include:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="7"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6989.htm">Broackes (Justin) - Substance</A>", Broakes</li><li><a name="8"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5154.htm">Broackes (Justin) & Hacker (P.M.S.) - Substance: Things and Stuffs</A>", Broakes&Hacker</li><li><a name="9"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5099.htm">Campbell (Scott) - Persons and Substances</A>", Campbell</li><li><a name="10"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4710.htm">Crane (Tim) - Substance (4-Lecture BA Course)</A>", Crane</li><li><a name="17"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1433.htm">Hoffman (Joshua) & Rosenkrantz (Gary) - Substance: Its Nature and Existence</A>", Hoffman&Rosenkrantz</li><li><a name="11"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6607.htm">Lowe (E.J.) - Substance, Identity and Time</A>", Lowe</li><li><a name="18"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_639.htm">Lowe (E.J.) - The Possibility of Metaphysics: Substance, Identity and Time</A>", Lowe</li><li><a name="12"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4102.htm">Moreland (J.P.) & Rae (Scott) - Human Persons as Substances or Property-Things</A>", Moreland&Rae</li><li><a name="13"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6608.htm">Noonan (Harold) - Substance, Identity and Time</A>", Noonan</li><li><a name="14"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4715.htm">Robinson (Howard) - Substance</A>", Robinson</li><li><a name="19"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1312.htm">Wiggins (David) - Sameness and Substance Renewed</A>", <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_101_7">Wiggins</A></U><SUB>7</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_101_7"></A></li><li><a name="15"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20073.htm">Wikipedia - Hylomorphism</A>", Wikipedia</li><li><a name="16"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4457.htm">Zimmerman (Dean) - Review of Hoffman & Rosenkrantz's 'Substance: Its Nature and Existence'</A>", Zimmerman </li></ol></li><li>This is a <a name="6"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_7/Notes_737_39396554.htm">place-holder</A><SUP>8</SUP>. See the categorised reading-list below. </li></ul></P> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><HR><h3 class = "Left">In-Page Footnotes</h3><a name="On-Page_Link_101_1"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_101_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>A number of my philosophical Notes are  promissory notes currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned. </li><li>I ve decided to add some text  whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive  for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.</li><li>As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance. </li><li>The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_101_7"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_101_7"><B>Footnote 7</B></A></U>: Compared and contrasted with the earlier <a name="20"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_54.htm">Wiggins (David) - Sameness and Substance</A>". <BR> <a name="LiveVersion"></a><BR><HR><h3 class= "Left">Live Version of this Archived Note</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=700> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeCenter"><strong>Date</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeRight"><strong>Length</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="70%" class = "BridgeLeft"><strong>Title</strong></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">04/07/2015 11:31:12</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">2179</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_101.htm">Substance</A></TD></TR> </TABLE></CENTER> <a name="TableOfPreviousVersions"></a><BR><HR><h3 class= "Left">Table of the 2 Earlier Versions of this Note</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=700> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeCenter"><strong>Date</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeRight"><strong>Length</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="70%" class = "BridgeLeft"><strong>Title</strong></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">26/11/2007 23:25:26</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">84</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_101_39412976.htm">Substance</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">12/08/2007 10:17:46</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">80</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_101_39306429.htm">Substance</A></TD></TR> </TABLE></CENTER> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><TR> <TH WIDTH="25%">This version updated</TH> <TH WIDTH="50%">Reading List for this Topic</TH> <TH WIDTH="50%">Parent Topic</TH></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="25%">04/07/2015 11:31:12</TD> <TD WIDTH="50%"><A HREF = "../../PaperCatalogIdentityFullSubTopic_505.htm" TARGET = "_top">Substance</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="25%"><A href ="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_12.htm">Logic of Identity</A></TD></TR> </TABLE><br><hr><br> <h3>Summary of Notes Links from this Page</h3> <CENTER> <TABLE Class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24_40043861.htm">Animalism</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_737_39396554.htm">Awaiting Attention (Personal Identity)</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_42_40530832.htm">Perdurantism</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_9_40345373.htm">Person</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_29_40530832.htm">Phase Sortals</A></TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1016_42098012.htm">Thesis - Chapter 04 (Basic Metaphysical Issues)</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">.</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">.</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">.</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">.</TD> </TR> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P class = "Centered">To access information, click on one of the links in the table above (if any).</P> <BR><HR><BR><h3>Summary of Note Links to this Page</h3> <CENTER> <TABLE Class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_40_43134991.htm#6">Cartesian Ego</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_57_42749846.htm#2">Change</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_57_43275689.htm#2">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_25_43137983.htm#8">Constitution View</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_25_43275689.htm#8">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_8/Notes_870_43140920.htm#6">Degrees of Personhood</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_791_42395848.htm#13">Johnston - Human Beings</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_791_42401012.htm#13">2</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_791_42405744.htm#13">3</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_791_42411700.htm#13">4</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_791_42413574.htm#14">5</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_791_43210976.htm#14">6</A></TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_42_43170847.htm#8">Perdurantism</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_9_43170847.htm#7">Person</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_29_43170847.htm#7">Phase Sortals</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_29_43221032.htm#7">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_96_42190454.htm#4">Relative Identity</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1016_42465972.htm#13">Thesis - Chapter 04 (Basic Metaphysical Issues)</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1016_43214009.htm#15">2</A></TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_7_43009748.htm#58">Thesis - Current Stance</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_7_43105008.htm#73">2</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_7_43287789.htm#74">3</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_102_42219571.htm#1">Thisness (Haecceity)</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_102_43306007.htm#1">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P class = "Centered">To access information, click on one of the links in the table above (if any).</P> <BR><HR><BR> <a name="ColourConventions"></a><h3 class = "Left">Text Colour Conventions</h3></center><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL><BR> <center><center><BR><HR><BR><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - 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