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Personal Identity

Thesis - Chapter 03 (What is a Person?)

(Text as at 14/07/2019 18:05:46)

(For earlier versions of this Note, see the table at the end)


Abstract




Research Methodology


Links to Notes
  1. The primary Notes are:-
  2. No doubt there are others:-
    • To be supplied.



Chapter Introduction
  1. The main philosophical argument about Persons is whether PERSON is a substance10-concept in its own right, or whether it is parasitic on other substance-concept(s).
  2. My own view is that Human Persons are phase sortals11 of human animals, but other philosophers have more robust views of persons and think of them as substances in their own right.
  3. Famously, Locke12 held this view, and Lynne Rudder Baker13 was a contemporary exponent – her view being that human persons are constituted by14, but are not identical to, human animals15.
  4. In this thesis, I’m only concerned with human persons, and – like most philosophers – allow that there can be non-human persons (God, gods, angels, aliens, robots, etc.)
  5. All this is predicated on deciding just what PERSONS are, which in turn depends somewhat on whether we take PERSON to be a natural kind16 concept, or something that is socially constructed and so not something the correct definition of we can discover.
  6. Further text to be supplied17.



Main Text
  1. To be supplied18.



Concluding Remarks
  1. In our next Chapter19, now that we have determined what we are – and what persons are – we consider various metaphysical issues that bear on the arguments for and against the various positions on Personal Identity.
  2. This is work in progress20.



Links to Books / Papers to be Addressed21
  1. In this Chapter I will consider the following papers or book chapters (together with some others referenced by these). There are doubtless many more that are relevant and which will be addressed in the course of the thesis, but these are probably sufficient to get us going.
  2. Reductionism
  3. Many aspects of these papers will need to be either ignored or reserved for other chapters.
  4. The motivation for these works is as follows:-
    • To be supplied.



The Cut
  1. There had already been a lot of cutting in the various selections of the original reading list – the reading lists attached to the Notes run on and on – and these items just represent the works in my possession (though I have sought out all that I’ve heard of that look relevant).
  2. However, the items in the lists following were given some attention, and have been culled – at least temporarily – from the lists above, where they originally appeared. I’ve not always given a reason as I’ve not studied them sufficiently closely. But, you have to draw a line somewhere.
  3. I’m well aware that the cut has not been sufficiently rigorous. Further items beyond the items below are likely to be culled when I come to process them.



In-Page Footnotes:

Footnote 21: Footnote 22: This is very elementary, but short and maybe entertaining.

Footnote 23: Read this as an example from the Animal Liberation movement.

Footnote 24: This is rather introductory to Parfit’s ideas, so read it quickly for that purpose.

Footnote 25: Restrict a close reading to Part 3 (Personal Identity).

Footnote 26: May be useful both as a take on Strawson, and for Plantinga’s own views.

Footnote 27: Stanley got into a debate with Jen Hornsby, though not on this topic, so it’ll be interesting to see how he argues.

Footnote 28: This is a difficult book with which I expect to have little sympathy, but one that has to be read.

Footnote 29: This is rather elementary, and ought to have been reviewed in Chapter 1.

Footnote 30: This paper may be important, but is too long (and difficult) for a first pass through the literature

Footnote 31: Too similar to "Lowe (E.J.) - Substance and Selfhood", which was read for Chapter 2.


Printable Versions:



Table of the Previous 6 Versions of this Note:

Date Length Title
18/04/2019 18:18:43 6570 Thesis - Chapter 03 (What is a Person?)
05/04/2016 23:19:41 6315 Thesis - Chapter 03 (What is a Person?)
06/11/2014 10:13:26 6210 Thesis - Chapter 03 (What is a Person?)
02/10/2014 17:12:29 5711 Thesis - Chapter 03 (What is a Person?)
22/07/2014 22:23:31 4088 Thesis - Chapter 03 (What is a Person?)
10/07/2014 17:06:43 6437 Thesis - Chapter 03 (What is a Person?)



Note last updated Reading List for this Topic Parent Topic
14/07/2019 18:05:46 None available Thesis - Introduction

Summary of Note Links from this Page

Awaiting Attention (Personal Identity) Baker Constitution View First-Person Perspective Human Animals
Human Persons Locke Natural Kinds Non-Human Persons Person
Phase Sortals Reductionism Simple View Status: Thesis Dashboard (2019: August) Substance
Taking Persons Seriously Thesis - Chapter 01 (Introduction) Thesis - Chapter 02 (What are We?) Thesis - Chapter 04 (Basic Metaphysical Issues) Thesis - Method & Form

To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.




Summary of Note Links to this Page

Status: Priority Task List (2019: August) Status: Thesis Dashboard (2019: August) Thesis - Chapter 01 (Introduction) Thesis - Chapter 02 (What are We?), 2 Thesis - Introduction

To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.




Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note

Author Title Medium Extra Links Read?
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 01 (Introduction) Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 02 (What Are We?) Paper Medium Quality Abstract 2 Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 03 (What is a Person?) Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Introduction & Chapter Outlines Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes



References & Reading List

Author Title Medium Source Read?
Ayer (A.J.) The Concept of a Person Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Ayer - The Concept of a Person & Other Essays 8%
Ayer (A.J.) The Concept of a Person & Other Essays Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Bibliographical details to be supplied 1%
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Brief Reply to Rosenkrantz's Comments on my 'The Ontological Status of Persons' Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65, September 2002, pp. 394-395 Yes
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Personal Identity Over Time Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Baker (Lynne) - Persons and Bodies, Chapter 5 Yes
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Persons and Bodies: A Constitution View Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Persons and Bodies: A Constitution View Yes
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Persons in Metaphysical Perspective Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract The Philosophy of Roderick M. Chisholm, Hahn, Lewis E. 7%
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Persons in the Material World Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Baker (Lynne) - Persons and Bodies, Chapter 1 Yes
Baker (Lynne Rudder) The First-Person Perspective Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Baker (Lynne) - Persons and Bodies, Chapter 3 Yes
Baker (Lynne Rudder) The Importance Of Being a Person Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Baker (Lynne) - Persons and Bodies, Chapter 6 Yes
Baker (Lynne Rudder) The Ontological Status of Persons Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65, September 2002, pp. 370-388 Yes
Baker (Lynne Rudder) When Does a Person Begin? Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Paul, Miller & Paul - Personal Identity, 2005 7%
Belzer (Marvin) Self-Conception and Personal Identity: Revisiting Parfit and Lewis with an Eye on the Grip of the Unity Reaction Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Paul, Miller & Paul - Personal Identity, 2005 5%
Blakemore (Colin) & Greenfield (Susan), Eds. Mindwaves: Thoughts on Intelligence, Identity and Consciousness Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 0%
Bourgeois (Warren) Persons: What Philosophers Say about You Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Bourgeois (Warren) - Persons: What Philosophers Say about You 22%
Brennan (Andrew) Concepts of a Person Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Brennan - Conditions of Identity, 1988, Chapter 10 No
Brennan (Andrew) Conditions of Identity Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 1%
Burge (Tyler) Memory and Persons Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract The Philosophical Review, Vol. 112, No. 3 (Jul., 2003), pp. 289-337 No
Campbell (John) Past, Space and Self Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 11%
Campbell (John) The Reductionist View of the Self Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Campbell - Past, Space and Self, Chapter 5 Yes
Candlish (Stewart) Review of Minds, Brains and People by T. E. Wilkerson Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Mind, Vol. 85, No. 337 (Jan., 1976), pp. 145-149 Yes
Carrithers (Michael), Collins (Steven) & Lukes (Steven) The Category of the Person: Anthropology, philosophy, history Book - Cited Low Quality Abstract Carrithers (Michael), Collins (Steven) & Lukes (Steven) - The Category of the Person: Anthropology, philosophy, history No
Cavalieri (Paola) & Singer (Peter), Eds. The Great Ape Project - Equality Beyond Humanity Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Cockburn (David), Ed. Human Beings Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 11%
DeGrazia (David) Are we essentially persons? Olson, Baker, and a reply Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Philosophical Forum; Winter2002, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p101, 20p Yes
DeGrazia (David) Great Apes, Dolphins, and the Concept of Personhood Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Southern Journal of Philosophy Fall 97; 35(3): 301-320 Yes
Dennett (Daniel) Brainstorms - Philosophical Essays on Mind and Psychology Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 43%
Dennett (Daniel) Conditions of Personhood Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Dennett - Brainstorms - Philosophical Essays on Mind and Psychology, Chapter 14 Yes
Forrester (Mary) Persons, Animals, and Fetuses: An Essay in Practical Ethics Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Forrester (Mary) - Persons, Animals, and Fetuses: An Essay in Practical Ethics 7%
Frankfurt (Harry) Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Rosenthal - The Nature of Mind Yes
Garrett (Brian) Animalism and Reductionism Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Garrett - Personal Identity and Self-consciousness, 1998, Chapter 2 Yes
Garrett (Brian) Personal Identity and Reductionism Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51, No. 2, Jun., 1991, pp. 361-373 Yes
Garrett (Brian) Personal Identity and Self-consciousness Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Garrett (Brian) Persons Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Routledge Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. London: Routledge. Garrett, Brian (1998). Persons. Yes
Goodenough (Jerry) The Achievement of Personhood Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Ratio 10.2, Sep1997, p141, 16p No
Hinton (J.M.) Review of Minds, Brains and People by T. E. Wilkerson Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Philosophy, Vol. 50, No. 192 (Apr., 1975), pp. 246-248 Yes
Hoose (Bernard), Ed. Christian Ethics: An Introduction Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Bibliographical details to be supplied 2%
Hornsby (Jennifer) Mind, Causation and Explanation - Introduction: Personal and Subpersonal Levels Paper - Cited Hornsby - Simple Mindedness Yes
Hornsby (Jennifer) Ontological Questions - Introduction: Persons and Their States, and Events Paper - Cited Hornsby - Simple Mindedness Yes
Hornsby (Jennifer) Simple Mindedness: In Defense of Naïve Naturalism in the Philosophy of Mind Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Hudson (Hud) A Materialist Metaphysics of the Human Person Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Hudson (Hud) - A Materialist Metaphysics of the Human Person 3%
Hudson (Hud) Temporal Parts and Moral Personhood Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophical Studies 93, 1999, pp. 299-316 No
Ishiguro (Hide) The Primitiveness of the Concept of a Person Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Philosophical Subjects, Van Straaten, Zak (ed), pp. 62-75 25%
JCS Journal of Consciousness Studies, Volume 14, Issue 05-06 (2007) Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract JCS - Journal of Consciousness Studies, Volume 14, Issue 05-06 (2007) No
Leiber (Justin) Can Animals and Machines Be Persons? : A Dialogue Book - Cited Low Quality Abstract Leiber (Justin) - Can Animals and Machines Be Persons? : A Dialogue No
Longuenesse (Beatrice) Kant on the identity of persons Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 22 January 2007, draft Yes
Lowe (E.J.) Real Selves: Persons as a Substantial Kind Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Cockburn - Human Beings No
Lowe (E.J.) Subjects of Experience Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 5%
Lowe (E.J.) Substance and Selfhood Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Lowe - Subjects of Experience, Chapter 2 9%
Luper (Steven), Ed. The Cambridge Companion to Life and Death Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 5%
Margolis (Joseph) Persons and Minds: Prospects of Nonreductive Materialism Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Margolis (Joseph) - Persons and Minds: Prospects of Nonreductive Materialism No
Margolis (Joseph) Persons: Notes on Their Nature, Identity and Rationality Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Southern Journal of Philosophy, 1980, 463-472 No
McCall (Catherine) Concepts of Person: An Analysis of Concepts of Person, Self and Human Being Book - Cited Low Quality Abstract McCall (Catherine) - Concepts of Person: An Analysis of Concepts of Person, Self and Human Being 2%
McGill (V.J.) Review of Minds, Brains and People by T. E. Wilkerson Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 35, No. 4 (Jun., 1975), pp. 577-578 Yes
McInerney (Peter K.) Conceptions of Persons and Persons through Time Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract American Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. 37, No. 2 (Apr., 2000), pp. 121-133 No
Midgley (Mary) Persons and Non-Persons Paper - Cited Singer - In Defence of Animals (1st Edition), 1985 Yes
Mitchell (Robert) Humans, Nonhumans and Personhood Paper - Cited Cavalieri & Singer - The Great Ape Project - Equality Beyond Humanity No
Olson (Eric) Papers on Identity Boxes: Vol 13 (Olson) Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 18%
Olson (Eric) Review of 'Persons: Human and Divine' Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Mind, 2008 Yes
Olson (Eric) The Nature of People Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Luper - The Cambridge Companion to Life and Death, 2014, Chapter 2 25%
Parfit (Derek) Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Blakemore & Greenfield - Mindwaves 33%
Parfit (Derek) Reasons and Persons Book - Cited Low Quality Abstract Parfit (Derek) - Reasons and Persons Yes
Park (Desiree) Persons Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Park - Persons: Theories and Perceptions, 1972, Chapter 4 No
Park (Desiree) Persons: Theories and Perceptions Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Bibliographical details to be supplied No
Paul (Ellen), Miller (Fred) & Paul (Jeffrey), Eds. Personal Identity Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 1%
Peacocke (Arthur) & Gillett (Grant) Persons and Personality: A Contemporary Inquiry Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Peacocke (Arthur) & Gillett (Grant) - Persons and Personality: A Contemporary Inquiry 21%
Perry (John) Identity, Personal Identity and the Self Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 4%
Perry (John) Personal Identity and the Concept of a Person Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Perry - Identity, Personal Identity and the Self, 2002, Chapter 7 No
Petrus (Klaus), Ed. On Human Persons Book - Cited High Quality Abstract Petrus (Klaus), Ed. - On Human Persons 98%
Plantinga (Alvin) Things and Persons Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Review of Metaphysics 1961, 493-519 No
Pollock (John L.) How to Build a Person: A Prolegomenon Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Pollock (John L.) - How to Build a Person: A Prolegomenon 6%
Pollock (John L.) How to Build a Person: The Physical Basis of Mentality Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophical Perspectives, Vol. 1, Metaphysics (1987), pp. 109-154 No
Poole (Ross) On Being a Person Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 74, Number 1, March 1996, pp. 38-56(19) No
Puccetti (Roland) Persons: A Study of Possible Moral Agents in the Universe Book - Cited Puccetti (Roland) - Persons: A Study of Possible Moral Agents in the Universe 3%
Rorty (Amélie Oksenberg), Ed. The Identities of Persons Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 33%
Rosenthal (David), Ed. The Nature of Mind Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Bibliographical details to be supplied 6%
Russell (Robert John), Murphy (Nancey), Meyering (Theo C.), Arbib (Michael A.) Neuroscience and the Person Book - Cited High Quality Abstract Russell (Robert John), Murphy (Nancey), Meyering (Theo C.), Arbib (Michael A.) - Neuroscience and the Person 1%
Sapontzis (S.F.) A Critique of Personhood Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Ethics, 1981, pp. 607-618 No
Selling (Joseph) The Human Person Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Hoose (Bernard) - Christian Ethics, 1998 Yes
Shaffer (Jerome) Persons and Their Bodies Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophical Review 75, No. 1 (Jan., 1966), 59-77 Yes
Shoemaker (David) Personal Identity and Ethics - Introduction Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Shoemaker (David) - Personal Identity and Ethics: A Brief Introduction, 2009, Introduction Yes
Shoemaker (David) Personal Identity and Ethics: A Brief Introduction Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Shoemaker (Sydney) Persons and Personal Identity Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Kim & Sosa - A Companion to Metaphysics No
Singer (Peter), Ed. In Defence of Animals Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Smart (Brian) How can Persons be Ascribed M-Predicates? Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Mind, 1977, 49-66 Yes
Sprague (Elmer) Persons and Their Minds: A Philosophical Investigation Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Sprague (Elmer) - Persons and Their Minds: A Philosophical Investigation No
Stanley (Jason) Persons And Their Properties Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Philosophical Quarterly, 1998, Vol. 48 Issue 191, p159, 17p; No
Stone (Jim) Why there are still no people Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 70, No. 1, Jan., 2005, pp. 174-192 No
Strawson (Peter) Individuals: An Essay in Descriptive Metaphysics Book - Cited Low Quality Abstract Strawson (Peter) - Individuals: An Essay in Descriptive Metaphysics 7%
Strawson (Peter) Persons Paper - Cited Rosenthal - The Nature of Mind No
Strawson (Peter) Persons Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Strawson - Individuals, Chapter 3 No
Strawson (Peter) Review of Minds, Brains and People by T. E. Wilkerson Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Review of Metaphysics, Vol. 28, No. 2 (Dec., 1974), pp. 360-361 Yes
Taylor (Charles) Responsibility For Self Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Rorty (Amelie) - The Identities of Persons, 1976 Yes
Taylor (Richard), Chisholm (Roderick) Chisholm's Idea of a Person Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract The Philosophy of Roderick M. Chisholm, Hahn, Lewis E No
Teichman (Jenny) The Definition of Person Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Philosophy - 60 (1985), pp. 175-185 No
Trendelenberg (Adolf) A Contribution to the History of the Word Person Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Monist, 20 (1910), 336-363 Yes
Van Inwagen (Peter) & Zimmerman (Dean) Persons: Human and Divine Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Van Inwagen (Peter) & Zimmerman (Dean) - Persons: Human and Divine 5%
Wiggins (David) The Person as Object of Science, as Subject of Experience, and as Locus of Value Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Peacocke & Gillett - Persons and Personality: A Contemporary Inquiry, 1987, Chapter 4 Yes
Wilkerson (T.E.) Minds, Brains and People Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Wilkerson (T.E.) - Minds, Brains and People 4%
Wilkes (Kathleen) Real People: Personal Identity Without Thought Experiments Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Wilkes (Kathleen) Real People: Preface Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Wilkes - Real People: Personal Identity Without Thought Experiments Yes
Williams (Bernard) Persons, Character and Morality Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Rorty (Amelie) - The Identities of Persons, 1976 Yes
Wilson (Edgar) The Mental as Physical Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Bibliographical details to be supplied No
Wilson (Edgar) Two Incompatible Models of Persons Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Wilson - The Mental as Physical No



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