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Personal Identity

Thesis - Chapter 04 (Basic Metaphysical Issues)

(Work In Progress: output at 17/06/2021 09:36:59)

(For earlier versions of this Note, see the table at the end)


Abstract




Research Methodology


Chapter Introduction
  1. I need to discuss the logic of identity4, survival and persistence, and even whether identity matters in survival.
  2. Substances and sortals are central to the persistence of anything, and in particular to my claim that persons are phase sortals of human animals (the substances).
  3. The question of Natural Kinds arises in considering whether PERSON is a natural kind concept.
  4. Certain four-dimensional approaches to persistence do away with the substance concept, but I discuss this issue in the next Chapter.



Links to Notes
  1. Metaphysics5
  2. Logic of Identity6
    1. Numerical Identity7
    2. Only 'X' and 'Y' Principle8
    3. Similarity9
    4. Heterodox Views
  3. Change18
    1. Causality19
    2. Closest Continuer20
    3. Continuity21
    4. Criteria of Identity22
    5. Intermittent Objects23
    6. Properties24
    7. Temporary Intrinsics25
  4. Modality26
  5. Does Identity Matter?
    1. Parfit27
    2. What Matters28
  6. Kinds29
    1. Metamorphosis30
    2. Natural Kinds31
  7. Ontology32
    1. Artifacts33
    2. Existence34
    3. Individuals35
    4. Matter36
    5. Mind37
    6. Naturalism38
    7. Physicalism39
    8. Scattered Objects40
    9. Thisness (Haecceity)41
    10. Universals42
  8. Sortals43
    1. Phase Sortals44
  9. Substance or Process?
    1. Substance45
    2. Process Metaphysics46
  10. Convention47
    1. Concepts48
    2. Fiction49
    3. Semantics50
  11. Explanation51
    1. Probability52
Other to be supplied as they come up.



Main Text
  1. The purpose of this chapter is to clarify my views on a number of logical and metaphysical issues that are central to the core of this Thesis.
  2. I will also consider Derek Parfit’s claim that “Identity is not what matters in survival” in this Chapter.
  3. The coverage in the Chapter itself will have to be very brief lest it consume the word-count for the entire thesis. Most information – and in particular the bulk of the justification for my views – will remain in the Notes.
  4. Three background issues, namely my views on:- are covered elsewhere (follow the links above).
  5. Other topics may be added as they arise.
  6. Further text to be supplied56.



Concluding Remarks
  1. In our next Chapter57, we need to consider further the question of Persistence and Time and how they impact on the topic of Personal Identity.
  2. This is work in progress58.


Links to Books / Papers to be Addressed59
  1. This section attempts to derive the readings lists automatically from those of the underlying Notes, but removing duplicated references. The list is divided into:-



Works on this topic that I’ve actually read62, include the following:-
  1. Metaphysics63
  2. Logic of Identity
    1. Logic of Identity64
    2. Numerical Identity68
    3. Only 'X' and 'Y' Principle74
    4. Similarity76
    5. Heterodox Views
  3. Change
    1. Change91
    2. Causality92
    3. Closest Continuer94
    4. Continuity97
    5. Criteria of Identity98
    6. Intermittent Objects100
    7. Properties105
    8. Temporary Intrinsics112
      • General:
        1. No items to list.
  4. Modality113
  5. Does Identity Matter?
    1. Parfit119
    2. What Matters126
  6. Kinds
    1. Kinds127
    2. Metamorphosis128
    3. Natural Kinds134
  7. Ontology
    1. Ontology135
    2. Artifacts136
    3. Existence137
    4. Individuals138
    5. Matter139
    6. Mind140
    7. Naturalism141
    8. Physicalism143
    9. Scattered Objects145
    10. Thisness (Haecceity)147
      • General:
        1. No items to list.
    11. Universals148
  8. Sortals
    1. Sortals152
    2. Phase Sortals153
      • General:
        1. No items to list.
  9. Substance or Process?
    1. Substance154
    2. Process Metaphysics159
  10. Convention
    1. Convention160
    2. Concepts166
    3. Fiction167
    4. Semantics171
  11. Explanation173
    1. Probability174


A further reading list might start with:-
  1. Metaphysics176
  2. Logic of Identity
    1. Logic of Identity177
    2. Numerical Identity182
    3. Only 'X' and 'Y' Principle183
    4. Similarity184
    5. Heterodox Views
  3. Change
    1. Change196
    2. Causality197
    3. Closest Continuer198
    4. Continuity202
    5. Criteria of Identity203
    6. Intermittent Objects204
    7. Properties205
    8. Temporary Intrinsics206
  4. Modality207
  5. Does Identity Matter?
    1. Parfit208
    2. What Matters212
  6. Kinds
    1. Kinds213
    2. Metamorphosis216
    3. Natural Kinds218
  7. Ontology
    1. Ontology219
    2. Artifacts220
    3. Existence221
    4. Individuals222
    5. Matter224
    6. Mind226
    7. Naturalism227
    8. Physicalism229
    9. Scattered Objects230
    10. Thisness (Haecceity)231
    11. Universals235
  8. Sortals
    1. Sortals238
    2. Phase Sortals239
  9. Substance or Process?
    1. Substance240
    2. Process Metaphysics243
  10. Convention
    1. Convention244
    2. Concepts245
    3. Fiction246
    4. Semantics250
  11. Explanation251
    1. Probability252



In-Page Footnotes:

Footnote 59: Footnote 66: Footnote 67: Footnote 81: Footnote 84: Footnote 95: Footnote 96: Footnote 120: Footnote 122: Footnote 123: Footnote 124: Footnote 125: Footnote 130: Footnote 150: Footnotes 156, 158: Footnote 163: Footnote 168: Footnote 169: Footnote 170: Footnote 178: Footnote 179: Footnote 180: Footnote 181: Footnote 188: Footnote 191: Footnote 194: Footnote 199: Footnote 200: Footnote 201: Footnote 210: Footnote 211: Footnote 214: Footnote 215: Footnote 217: Footnote 223: Footnote 225: Footnote 228: Footnote 232: Footnotes 233, 234: Footnote 236: Footnote 237: Footnote 241: Footnote 242: Footnote 247: Footnote 248: Footnote 249: Footnote 253: Footnote 254:


Table of the Previous 10 Versions of this Note:

Date Length Title
29/03/2021 19:23:31 45374 Thesis - Chapter 04 (Basic Metaphysical Issues)
22/03/2021 00:28:48 22002 Thesis - Chapter 04 (Basic Metaphysical Issues)
07/02/2021 23:24:00 8904 Thesis - Chapter 04 (Basic Metaphysical Issues)
18/04/2019 18:18:43 8878 Thesis - Chapter 04 (Basic Metaphysical Issues)
24/04/2018 00:12:58 7971 Thesis - Chapter 04 (Basic Metaphysical Issues)
05/04/2016 23:19:41 8235 Thesis - Chapter 04 (Basic Metaphysical Issues)
04/04/2015 00:17:17 8137 Thesis - Chapter 04 (Basic Metaphysical Issues)
06/11/2014 10:13:26 7955 Thesis - Chapter 04 (Basic Metaphysical Issues)
02/10/2014 17:12:29 6862 Thesis - Chapter 04 (Basic Metaphysical Issues)
22/07/2014 22:23:31 6060 Thesis - Chapter 04 (Basic Metaphysical Issues)



Note last updated Reading List for this Topic Parent Topic
17/06/2021 09:37:15 None available Thesis - Introduction

Summary of Note Links from this Page

Animalism Artifacts Awaiting Attention (Personal Identity) Baillie - What Am I? Baker - In Favour Of the Constitution View
Baker - Personal Identity Over Time Baker - Persons and Bodies - Precis Baker - Persons and Bodies - Response to Olson Baker - Persons in the Material World Baker - The Coherence Of the Idea of Material Constitution
Baker - The Constitution View of Human Persons Baker - The Human Animal: Big-Tent Metaphysics Baker - The Human Animal: Response to Olson Baker - The Very Idea of Constitution Bealer - The A Priori
Blackburn - Has Kant Refuted Parfit? Brain Transplants Bynum - Resurrection of the Body (Preface + Introduction) Carter – Artifacts of Theseus Causality
Change Chisholm - Identity Through Possible Worlds: Some Questions Chisholm - Which Physical Thing Am I? Closest Continuer Concepts
Constitution View Contingent Identity Continuity Convention Crane - Interaction Between Mind and Body
Criteria of Identity Daniel Dennett – Conditions of Personhood Dennett - True Believers Existence Explanation
Fiction Fine - A Counter-Example to Locke's Thesis Fine - The Non-Identity of a Material Thing and Its Matter Garrett - Personal Identity and Reductionism Gibbard - Contingent Identity
Indeterminate Identity Individual Intermittent Objects Jackson - Epiphenomenal Qualia Jen_080204 (Brandom, Chisholm, Baillie)
Jen_080218 (Olson) Jen_080303 (Olson, Baillie) Johnston - Human Beings Kinds Kripke - Naming and Necessity - Lecture I
Kripke - Naming and Necessity - Lecture III Kurtz - Persistence (Introduction) Le Fanu - Doubts About Darwin Logic of Identity Lowe - Locke on Identity
Markosian - The Human Animal: Three Problems for Olson Matter McDowell - Values and Secondary Qualities Metamorphosis Metaphysics
Mind Modality Moreland & Rae - Body & Soul: Human Persons as Substances or Property-Things Natural Kinds Naturalism
Numerical Identity Occasional Identity Olson - Immanent Causation and Life After Death Olson - Persons and Bodies - Response Olson - The Human Animal: Reply to Baker
Olson - What Are We? Only 'X' and 'Y' Principle Ontology Parfit Parfit - What We Believe Ourselves To Be
Partial Identity Perdurantism Phase Sortals Physicalism Popper - Merits of Improbability
Probability Process Metaphysics Properties Relative Identity Scattered Objects
Semantics Similarity Snowdon - The Self and Personal Identity Sorites Sortals
Soul Criterion Status: Thesis Dashboard (2021: June) Substance Surprising Coin-Toss Sequences (and Bridge Hands) Teletransportation
Temporary Intrinsics Thesis - Chapter 04 (Basic Metaphysical Issues) Thesis - Chapter 05 (Persistence and Time) Thesis - Chapter 07 (The Constitution View and Arguments for It) Thesis - Chapter 10 (Thought Experiments)
Thesis - Method & Form Thisness (Haecceity) Universals Vague Identity Vagueness
What Matters Williams - The Self and the Future Wittgenstein - Bodily Sensations Woolhouse - Leibniz and Substance Woolhouse - Spinoza and Substance
Works Read - Explanation Zimmerman - The Human Animal: Objections      

To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.




Summary of Note Links to this Page

Contingent Identity General Surveys Indeterminate Identity Modality Occasional Identity
Parfit PID Note, Book & Paper Usage, 2 Relative Identity Status: Personal Identity (2021 - March), 2 Status: Summary (2021 - March), 2
Status: Thesis Dashboard (2021: June), 2 Substance Thesis - Chapter 01 (Introduction) Thesis - Chapter 03 (What is a Person?) Thesis - Introduction
Vague Identity Website Generator Documentation - Functors, 2, 3      

To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.




Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note

Author Title Medium Extra Links Read?
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 01 (Introduction) Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 03 (What is a Person?) Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 05 (Persistence and Time) Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Contingent Identity Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - General Surveys Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Indeterminate Identity Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Introduction & Chapter Outlines Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Modality Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Occasional Identity Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Parfit Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Relative Identity Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Substance Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Vague Identity Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes



References & Reading List

Author Title Medium Source Read?
Aune (Bruce) Metaphysics: The Elements Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Aune (Bruce) - Metaphysics: The Elements 4%
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Big-Tent Metaphysics Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Abstracta Special Issue I – 2008 (Brazil) Yes
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Personal Identity Over Time Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Baker (Lynne) - Persons and Bodies, Chapter 5 Yes
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Persons and Bodies: A Constitution View Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Bourget (David) & Chalmers (David) The PhilPapers Surveys: What Do Philosophers Believe? Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Philosophical Studies: Vol. 170, No. 3 (September 2014), pp. 465-500 Yes
Coburn (Robert) Personal Identity Revisited Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 15.3, Sept. 1985, pp. 379-404 No
Craig (William Lane) McTaggart's Paradox and the Problem of Temporary Intrinsics Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Analysis, Vol. 58, No. 2 (Apr., 1998), pp. 122-127 33%
Crane (Tim) & Farkas (Katalin) Identity: Introduction Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Crane and Farkas - Metaphysics - a guide and anthology, 2004, pp. 527-536 Yes
Crane (Tim) & Farkas (Katalin) Metaphysics: References Paper - Cited Crane and Farkas - Metaphysics - a guide and anthology, 2004, pp. 732-740 No
Duncan (Matt) I Think, Therefore I Persist Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Volume 93, 2015 - Issue 4, Pages 740-756 Yes
Eco (Umberto) The Name of the Rose Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Eco (Umberto) - The Name of the Rose Yes
Ehrman (Bart D.) Truth and Fiction in The Da Vinci Code: A Historian Reveals What We Really Know About Jesus, Mary Magdalene, and Constantine Book - Cited High Quality Abstract Ehrman (Bart D.) - Truth and Fiction in The Da Vinci Code: A Historian Reveals What We Really Know About Jesus, Mary Magdalene, and Constantine Yes
Fodor (Jerry) Psychosemantics Book - Cited Low Quality Abstract Fodor (Jerry) - Psychosemantics Yes
Goodman (Nelson) Fact, Fiction and Forecast Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Goodman (Nelson) - Fact, Fiction and Forecast Yes
Hirsch (Eli) The Concept of Identity Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Hirsch (Eli) - The Concept of Identity Yes
Kafka (Franz), Pasley (Malcolm) Metamorphosis and Other Stories Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Kafka (Franz), Pasley (Malcolm) - Metamorphosis and Other Stories Yes
Kuhn (Steven) Prisoner’s Dilemma Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy 8%
Lewis (David) Philosophical Papers Volume I Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Lewis (David) Philosophical Papers Volume II Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 23%
Lewis (David) Prisoners' Dilemma is a Newcomb Problem Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Lewis - Philosophical Papers Volume II, Part 7: Dependence and Decision, Chapter 26 No
Lewis (David) Truth in Fiction Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Lewis - Philosophical Papers Volume I, Part 3: Philosophy of Language, Chapter 15 Yes
Martin (Raymond) Self-Concern: An Experiential Approach to what Matters in Survival Book - Cited High Quality Abstract Martin (Raymond) - Self-Concern: An Experiential Approach to what Matters in Survival Yes
Matthews (Dylan) The whole philosophy community is mourning Derek Parfit - Here's why he mattered Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Vox, 3rd January 2017 Yes
McGinn (Colin) Logical Properties Book - Cited Low Quality Abstract McGinn (Colin) - Logical Properties 11%
Nozick (Robert) Newcomb's Problem and Two Principles of Choice Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract N. Rescher et al. (eds.), Essays ín Honor of Carl G. Hempel. 1969. 7%
Olson (Eric), Etc. Abstracta Special Issue on 'The Human Animal' Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) High Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Orwell (George), Davison (Peter), Taylor (D.J.), Ed. Nineteen Eighty-Four: The Annotated Edition Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Orwell (George), Davison (Peter), Taylor (D.J.), Ed. - Nineteen Eighty-Four: The Annotated Edition Yes
Parfit (Derek) On What Matters: Volume One Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Parfit (Derek) - On What Matters: Volume One 5%
Parfit (Derek) On What Matters: Volume Three Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Parfit (Derek) - On What Matters: Volume Three 1%
Parfit (Derek) On What Matters: Volume Two Book - Cited Low Quality Abstract Parfit (Derek) - On What Matters: Volume Two 2%
Parfit (Derek) Reasons and Persons Book - Cited Low Quality Abstract Parfit (Derek) - Reasons and Persons Yes
Post (John F.) Metaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 3%
Post (John F.) Metaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction - Introduction Paper - Cited Post (John F.) - Metaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction Yes
Singer (Peter), Ed. Does Anything Really Matter? Essays on Parfit on Objectivity Book - Cited Low Quality Abstract Singer (Peter), Ed. - Does Anything Really Matter? Essays on Parfit on Objectivity 4%
Unger (Peter) Identity, Consciousness and Value Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Unger (Peter) Physically Based Subjects and Their Experiences: Against the Six Metaphysical Doctrines Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Unger - Identity, Consciousness and Value, Chapter 6 Yes
Unger (Peter) Precis of 'Identity, Consciousness and Value' Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 52, No. 1, Mar., 1992, pp. 133-137 Yes
Wikipedia Newcomb's Paradox Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Wikipedia, 17 April 2019 No
Williams (Bernard) Problems of the Self Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 56%
Williams (Bernard) The Self and the Future Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Williams - Problems of the Self Yes
Wilson (Jack) Biological Individuality - The identity and Persistence of Living Entities Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Wilson (Jack) - Biological Individuality - The identity and Persistence of Living Entities Yes
Wittgenstein (Ludwig) Bodily Sensations Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Extract from the Blue Book Yes



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