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Personal Identity

Thesis - Chapter 06 (Animalism and Arguments for It)

(Text as at 05/04/2016 23:19:41)

(For earlier versions of this Note, see the table at the end)


Abstract




Research Methodology


Chapter Introduction
  1. As we saw in Chapter 023, nothing is more obvious than that we are human animals.
  2. The disadvantages of whole-hearted acceptance of this seemingly obvious fact are firstly that it seems to demote human beings from their status of being made in the image of the God most people no longer believe in. There are two responses to this; either to deny that it does, or to accept that the differences between human beings and other animals are those of degree rather than kind.
  3. A second disadvantage is that accepting that we are human animals makes the prospects for post-mortem survival look bleak. This is addressed in Chapter 114.
  4. So, while saying that we are human animals might seem to be the default position – and so the burden is on others to demonstrate that we are not – the historical situation places a burden on the animalist to present the case for animalism with as much rigour as possible.
  5. Further text to be supplied.



Main Text
  1. To be supplied.



Links to Books / Papers to be Addressed5
  1. In this Chapter I will consider the following papers or book chapters (together with some others referenced by these). There are doubtless many more that are relevant and which will be addressed in the course of the thesis, but these are probably sufficient to get us going.
  2. As this is a “core” chapter, the coverage of the literature will be very complete, if not exhaustive, when it comes to Animalism itself.
  3. For background topics, it will be more selective6. Hence, I have divided the reading list into two.
  4. I’ve not been overly careful to segregate the reading-list of this Chapter from that of Chapter 87. I will address the segregation in due course. There will, in any case, be some overlap.
  5. Core Topics
  6. Background Material
  7. Many aspects of these papers will need to be either ignored or reserved for other chapters.
  8. The motivation for these works is as follows:-
    • To be supplied.



The Cut
  1. There had already been a lot of cutting in the various selections of the original reading list – the reading lists attached to the Notes run on and on – and these items just represent the works in my possession (though I have sought out all that I’ve heard of that look relevant).
  2. However, the items in the lists following were given some attention, and have been culled – at least temporarily – from the lists above, where they originally appeared. I’ve not always given a reason as I’ve not studied them sufficiently closely. But, you have to draw a line somewhere.
  3. I’m well aware that the cut has not been sufficiently rigorous. Further items beyond the items below are likely to be culled when I come to process them.
    • To be supplied.



Links to Notes
  1. Animalism10,
  2. Animalists11,
  3. Bodies12,
  4. Olson13,
  5. Animals14,
  6. Organisms15,
  7. Life16,
  8. Thinking Animal Argument17,
  9. Other Arguments for Animalism18,
  10. Others to be supplied?



Final Remarks
  1. This is work in progress19.



In-Page Footnotes:

Footnote 5: Footnote 6: Footnote 8: A knowledge of genetics is important in arguments about the comings into being and identities of animals.

Footnote 9: What is this important book doing here?

Footnote 18: This needs a Note!


Printable Versions:



Table of the Previous 4 Versions of this Note:

Date Length Title
13/01/2015 19:07:41 6617 Thesis - Chapter 06 (Animalism and Arguments for It)
06/11/2014 10:13:26 6463 Thesis - Chapter 06 (Animalism and Arguments for It)
02/10/2014 17:12:29 6172 Thesis - Chapter 06 (Animalism and Arguments for It)
22/07/2014 22:23:31 5343 Thesis - Chapter 06 (Animalism and Arguments for It)



Note last updated Reading List for this Topic Parent Topic
05/04/2016 23:19:41 None available Thesis - Outline

Summary of Note Links from this Page

Animalism Animalists Animals Awaiting Attention (Personal Identity) Body
Life Olson Organisms Status: Thesis Dashboard (2017: November) Thesis - Chapter 02 (What are We?)
Thesis - Chapter 08 (Arguments against Animalism) Thesis - Chapter 09 (Arguments against the Constitution View) Thesis - Chapter 11 (Resurrection) Thesis - Method & Form Thinking Animal Argument

To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.




Summary of Note Links to this Page

Origins Status: Personal Identity (2017 - September) Status: Summary (2017 - September) Status: Thesis Dashboard (2017: November) Thesis - Chapter 01 (Introduction), 2
Thesis - Chapter 08 (Arguments against Animalism) Thesis - Outline Thinking Animal Argument    

To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.




Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note

Author Title Medium Extra Links Read?
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Origins Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Thinking Animal Argument Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes



References & Reading List

Author Title Medium Source Read?
Anstotz (Christoph) Profoundly Intellectually Disabled Humans and the Great Apes: A Comparison Paper - Cited Cavalieri & Singer - The Great Ape Project - Equality Beyond Humanity No
Ayers (Michael R.) Locke (Vol 2 - Ontology) Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied No
Ayers (Michael R.) Neo-Lockean and Anti-Lockean Theories of Personal Identity in Analytic Philosophy Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Ayers - Locke (Vol. 2 - Ontology), 1991, Chapter 25, pp. 278-292 Yes
Bekoff (Marc) The Emotional Lives of Animals: A Leading Scientist Explores Animal Joy, Sorrow, and Empathy and Why They Matter Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Bekoff (Marc) - The Emotional Lives of Animals: A Leading Scientist Explores Animal Joy, Sorrow, and Empathy and Why They Matter Yes
Berglund (Stefan) Animalism Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Berglund - Human and Personal Identity (PhD Dissertation, Lund University), Chapter 3, 1995, pp. 44-60 No
Berglund (Stefan) Human and Personal Identity Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) High Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied No
Blatti (Stephan) A New Argument for Animalism Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Analysis Vol 72, Number 4, October 2012, pp. 685–690 No
Blatti (Stephan) Animalism Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy, ed. A. C. Grayling, A. Pyle, N. Goulder (Continuum, 2006), vol. 1: 108–09 Yes
Blatti (Stephan) Animalism and its Implications Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract OU Website (now deleted) Yes
Blatti (Stephan) Animalism and Personal Identity Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Encyclopedia of Human-Animal Relationships, ed. M. Bekoff (Greenwood Press, 2007), 430-33 Yes
Blatti (Stephan) Animalism Unburdened Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract OU Website (now deleted) Yes
Blatti (Stephan), Ed. The Lives of Human Animals Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Memphis University Website Yes
Brody (Baruch) Abortion and the Sanctity of Human Life : a Philosophical View Book - Cited Low Quality Abstract Brody (Baruch) - Abortion and the Sanctity of Human Life : a Philosophical View No
Campbell (Scott) Animals, Babies, and Subjects Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Southern Journal of Philosophy, Summer 2001; 39(2): 157-167 No
Carter (William) Death and Bodily Transfiguration Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Mind, 1984, 412-418 Yes
Carter (William) Do Zygotes Become People? Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Mind, 91.361 (Jan. 1982), pp. 77-95 Yes
Carter (William) How to Change Your Mind Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 19, No. 1, March 1989, pp. 1-14 Yes
Carter (William) Once and Future Persons Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract American Philosophical Quarterly, 17, Jan. 1980, pp. 61-66 No
Carter (William) Our Bodies, Our Selves Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 66 No. 3,1988, 308-319 Yes
Carter (William) Personal Identity Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Carter - The Elements of Metaphysics, 1990, Chapter 7 No
Carter (William) The Elements of Metaphysics Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) High Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied No
Carter (William) Will I Be a Dead Person? Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophy and Phenomenological Research Mar99, Vol. 59 Issue 1, p167, 5p; Yes
Cavalieri (Paola) & Singer (Peter), Eds. The Great Ape Project - Equality Beyond Humanity Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
DeGrazia (David) Human Identity and Bioethics Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract DeGrazia (David) - Human Identity and Bioethics No
DeGrazia (David) Taking Animals Seriously: Mental Life and Moral Status Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract DeGrazia (David) - Taking Animals Seriously: Mental Life and Moral Status No
Dorr (Cian) Merricks on the Existence of Human Organisms Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67(3): 711-718 No
Fetzer (James) The Evolution of Intelligence: Are Humans the Only Animals with Minds? Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Fetzer (James) - The Evolution of Intelligence: Are Humans the Only Animals with Minds? No
Ford (Norman) When Did I Begin: Conception of the Human Individual in History, Philosophy and Science Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Ford (Norman) - When Did I Begin: Conception of the Human Individual in History, Philosophy and Science No
Gallagher (Shaun) & Shear (Jonathan), Eds. Models of the Self Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied No
Gallup (Gordon G.) Animal Minds: Review Paper - Cited The Quarterly Review of Biology, Vol. 68, No. 3 (Sep., 1993), p. 462 Yes
Gallup (Gordon G.) Chimpanzees: Self-Recognition Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Science, New Series, Vol. 167, No. 3914 (Jan. 2, 1970), pp. 86-87 Yes
Gallup (Gordon G.) Levels, Limits, and Precursors to Self-Recognition: Does Ontogeny Recapitulate Phylogeny? Paper - Cited Psychological Inquiry, Vol. 3, No. 2 (1992) (pp. 117-118) Yes
Gallup (Gordon G.) Self-Awareness in Primates: The sense of identity distinguishes man from most but perhaps not all other forms of life Paper - Cited American Scientist, Vol. 67, No. 4 (July-August 1979), pp. 417-421 Yes
Garrett (Brian) Animalism and Reductionism Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Garrett - Personal Identity and Self-consciousness, 1998, Chapter 2 Yes
Garrett (Brian) Personal Identity and Self-consciousness Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Garrett (Brian) Some Thoughts on Animalism Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Petrus - On Human Persons, 2003 Yes
Ghiselin (Michael) Metaphysics and the Origin of Species Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Ghiselin (Michael) - Metaphysics and the Origin of Species No
Gilbert (Scott) Developmental Biology Book - Cited Gilbert (Scott) - Developmental Biology No
Gill (Christopher) The Person and the Human Mind: issues in ancient and modern philosophy Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied No
Griffin (Donald) Animal Minds Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Griffin (Donald) - Animal Minds No
Hartl (Daniel L.) Our Uncertain Heritage: Genetics & Human Diversity Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Hartl (Daniel L.) - Our Uncertain Heritage: Genetics & Human Diversity No
Hershenov (David) Countering the Appeal of the Psychological Approach to Personal Identity Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophy - 79, Jul2004, Issue 309, p447-474, 28p; Yes
Hoffman (Joshua) & Rosenkrantz (Gary) On the Unity of the Parts of Organisms Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Hoffman & Rosenkrantz - Substance: Its Nature and Existence, Chapter 4 No
Hoffman (Joshua) & Rosenkrantz (Gary) Substance: Its Nature and Existence Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied No
Hurley (Susan) & Nudds (Matthew) Rational Animals? Book - Cited Low Quality Abstract Hurley (Susan) & Nudds (Matthew) - Rational Animals? No
Johansson (Jens) What is Animalism? Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Ratio, Volume 20, Issue 2, June 2007, pp. 194–205 Yes
Liao (S. Matthew) The Organism View Defended Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract The Monist, Vol. 89, No. 3, Coming into Being and Passing Away (July 2006), pp. 334-350 Yes
Lovibond (Sabina) & Williams (S.G.) Identity, Truth & Value: Essays for David Wiggins Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) High Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied No
Lurz (Robert) Animal Minds Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, April 2009 Yes
Mackie (David) Animalism Versus Lockeanism: No Contest Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophical Quarterly, Volume 49, Number 196, July 1999, pp. 369-376(8). Yes
Mackie (David) Going Topless Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Ratio 11.2, Sep1998, p125, 16p Yes
Marshall (Richard) Philosophy at 3:AM: Questions and Answers with 25 Top Philosophers Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied No
Marshall (Richard) & Olson (Eric) Eric T. Olson: The Philosopher with No Hands Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Marshall (Richard) - Philosophy at 3:AM: Questions and Answers with 25 Top Philosophers Yes
Martin (Raymond) & Barresi (John), Eds. Personal Identity Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied No
O'Hear (Anthony), Ed. Philosophy - 79/309 (July 2004) Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Bibliographical details to be supplied No
Olson (Eric) An Argument for Animalism Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Martin & Barresi - Personal Identity, Chapter 12 Yes
Olson (Eric) Human Atoms Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 76, No 3, pp. 396--406; September 1998 No
Olson (Eric) Human People Or Human Animals Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Philosophical Studies 80:159-181, 1995 Yes
Olson (Eric) Is Psychology Relevant To Personal Identity? Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 72, Number 2, June 1994, pp. 173-186(14). Yes
Olson (Eric) Papers on Identity Boxes: Vol 13 (Olson) Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied No
Olson (Eric) Personal Identity Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Stich & Warfield - Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Mind, 2003 Yes
Olson (Eric) Personal Identity (Stanford, 2010) Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, 2002-10 No
Olson (Eric) Personal Identity and the Radiation Argument Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Analysis 61, January 2001, pp. 38-44(7). Yes
Olson (Eric) Precis of "The Human Animal" Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Abstracta Special Issue I – 2008 (Brazil) Yes
Olson (Eric) Relativism and Persistence Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophical Studies 88, Number 2, November 1997, pp. 141-162(22) Yes
Olson (Eric) Review of Hud Hudson's "A Materialist Metaphysics of the Human Person" Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews Yes
Olson (Eric) Review of Jack Wilson's "Biological Individuality: The Identity and Persistence of Living Entities" Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophical Quarterly, 2001, Vol. 51 Issue 203, p264-6 No
Olson (Eric) Review of Lowe's "The Possibility of Metaphysics" Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Mind, 109, Number 436, October 2000, pp. 967-9 No
Olson (Eric) Review of Perry's "Identity, Personal Identity, and the Self" Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract European Journal of Philosophy (To appear in …) No
Olson (Eric) Review of Tye's "Consciousness and Persons - Unity and Identity" Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73, 2006: 500-503 No
Olson (Eric) The Human Animal - Personal Identity Without Psychology Book - Cited Low Quality Abstract Olson (Eric) - The Human Animal - Personal Identity Without Psychology Yes
Olson (Eric) The Paradox of Increase Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract The Monist, Vol. 89, No. 3, Coming into Being and Passing Away (July 2006), pp. 390-417 No
Olson (Eric) There Is No Problem of the Self Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Journal of Consciousness Studies, Volume 5, Numbers 5-6, 1998, pp. 645-657(13) Yes
Olson (Eric) Warum wir Tiere sind (Why we are animals) Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Petrus - On Human Persons, 2003 Yes
Olson (Eric) Was I Ever a Fetus? Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophy and Phenomenological Research Mar97, Vol. 57 Issue 1, p95, 18p; Yes
Olson (Eric) Was I Ever a Fetus? ("New Version") Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract R. Nichols et al., eds., Philosophy Through Science Fiction, Routledge 2008. No
Olson (Eric) Was Jekyll Hyde? Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66, Number 2, 1 March 2003, pp. 328-348(21) Yes
Olson (Eric) What are We? Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Olson (Eric) - What are We? No
Olson (Eric) Why I Have No Hands Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Theoria 61 (1995): 182-197 Yes
Olson (Eric), Etc. Abstracta Special Issue on "The Human Animal" Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) High Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Penn (Derek C.) & Povinelli (Daniel) On the Lack of Evidence That Non-Human Animals Possess Anything Remotely Resembling a 'Theory of Mind' Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences, Vol. 362, No. 1480, Social Intelligence: From Brain to Culture (Apr. 29, 2007) (pp. 731-744) No
Petrus (Klaus), Ed. On Human Persons Book - Cited High Quality Abstract Petrus (Klaus), Ed. - On Human Persons No
Povinelli (Daniel) Behind the Ape's Appearance: Escaping Anthropocentrism in the Study of Other Minds Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Daedalus, Vol. 133, No. 1, On Learning (Winter, 2004) (pp. 29-41) Yes
Puhl (Klaus) Review of Klaus Petrus's "On Human Persons" Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, 2004 No
Rachels (James) Created From Animals: The Moral Implications of Darwinism Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Rachels (James) - Created From Animals: The Moral Implications of Darwinism No
Richards (Janet Radcliffe) Human Nature After Darwin: A Philosophical Introduction Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Richards (Janet Radcliffe) - Human Nature After Darwin: A Philosophical Introduction No
Rowlands (Mark) The Philosopher and the Wolf Book - Cited High Quality Abstract Rowlands (Mark) - The Philosopher and the Wolf No
Scarlett (Brian) The Moral Uniqueness of the Human Animal Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Oderberg & Laing - Human lives : critical essays on consequentialist bioethics, 1997 Yes
Shoemaker (David) Embryos, Souls, and the Fourth Dimension Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Social Theory & Practice, Jan2005, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p51-75, 25p Yes
Shoemaker (David) Personal Identity and Ethics: A Brief Introduction Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Shoemaker (David) Personal Identity, Rational Anticipation, and Self-Concern Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Shoemaker (David) - Personal Identity and Ethics: A Brief Introduction, 2009, Chapter 2 Yes
Snowdon (Paul) Personal Identity (Lectures 1 - 4) Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract 2005? Lecture handouts Yes
Snowdon (Paul) Persons and Personal Identity Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Lovibond & Williams - Identity, Truth & Value: Essays for David Wiggins, 1996 Yes
Snowdon (Paul) Persons, Animals, and Ourselves Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Christopher Gill, Ed, The Person and the Human Mind, 1990 Yes
Steinhart (Eric) Persons Versus Brains: Biological Intelligence in Human Organisms Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Biology and Philosophy, Volume 16, Number 1, January 2001, pp. 3-27(25). Yes
Stich (Stephen) & Warfield (Ted), Eds. Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Mind Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Bibliographical details to be supplied No
Tollefsen (Christopher) Abortion and the Human Animal Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Christian Bioethics, Volume 10, Number 1, April 2004, pp. 105-116(12). Yes
Van Inwagen (Peter) A Materialist Ontology of the Human Person Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Van Inwagen (Peter) & Zimmerman (Dean) - Persons: Human and Divine No
Van Inwagen (Peter) Material Beings Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Van Inwagen (Peter) - Material Beings No
Van Inwagen (Peter) Précis of Material Beings Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53, No. 3, Sep., 1993, pp. 683-686 Yes
Van Inwagen (Peter) & Zimmerman (Dean) Persons: Human and Divine Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied No
Wiggins (David) Reply to Snowdon (Persons and Personal Identity) Paper - Cited Lovibond & Williams - Identity, Truth & Value: Essays for David Wiggins, 1996 Yes
Wilson (Jack) Biological Individuality - The identity and Persistence of Living Entities Book - Cited Low Quality Abstract Wilson (Jack) - Biological Individuality - The identity and Persistence of Living Entities Yes
Wollheim (Richard) Living Paper - Cited Wollheim - The Thread of Life, 1984, Chapter 1 Yes
Wollheim (Richard) The Thread of Life Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied No
Yourgrau (Palle) Can the Dead Really Be Buried? Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Midwest Studies In Philosophy, 2000, Vol. XXIV Issue 1, p46, 23p Yes



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