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Personal Identity

Thesis - Chapter 08 (Arguments against Animalism)

(Text as at 01/10/2021 13:17:46)

(For earlier versions of this Note, see the table at the end)


Abstract




Research Methodology


Chapter Introduction
  1. There is effectively a 1-1-match between this Chapter and the Note Animalism – Objections3, though I imagine that this Chapter will be more focussed and less exploratory than that Note.
  2. The main objections are those of incredulity to the Animalist claim that “matters of psychology are irrelevant to personal identity”, when most philosophers have – and still do – think it’s constitutive of it, though – as I’ve said previously and often – this is to confuse What Matters4 to us with What we Are5.
  3. Then we have the Brain Transplant Intuition6 – that we go with our brains. It is very difficult to resist this intuition – for reasons I’ve given under Psychological Continuity - Forward7, though Eric Olson8 insists that the Animalist must deny it as a brain isn’t an Organism9.
  4. Then, there are awkward pathological cases where it’s not clear quite what the animalist should say. I’ve collected these under the Note on Dicephalus10.
  5. Finally, there’s the question of what’s going on during Pregnancy11, which Animalists have allegedly failed to address. Is the Fetus12 a part of the mother? If so, we’d have a case of Fission13 at birth. Traditionalists would deny this, so the problem ‘goes away’, but it needs to be considered carefully from the actual biology (covered in the previous Note and those on Zygotes14 and Embryos15).
  6. I’ve also included the topic of Abortion16 as part of this Chapter, though it’s maybe either misplaced, or not sufficiently relevant.



Links to Notes
  1. Animalism17. Excluded18
  2. Arguments against Animalism19
    1. Pregnancy20
    2. Dicephalus25




Main Text
  1. For now, just see the Note Animalism – Objections26.
  2. To be supplied27.



Concluding Remarks
  1. Having now discussed the arguments against Animalism, we now in our next Chapter28 turn to the arguments against the Constitution View.
  2. This is work in progress29.


Links to Books / Papers to be Addressed30
  1. This section attempts to derive the readings lists automatically from those of the underlying Notes, but removing duplicated references. The list is divided into:-
  2. I’ve not been overly careful to segregate the reading-list of this Chapter from that of Chapter 633. I will address the segregation in due course. There will, in any case, be some overlap.
  3. Many aspects of these papers will need to be either ignored or reserved for other chapters.



Works on this topic that I’ve actually read34, include the following:-
  1. Arguments against Animalism35
    1. Pregnancy45
    2. Dicephalus54


A further reading list might start with:-
  1. Arguments against Animalism56
    1. Pregnancy59
    2. Dicephalus70



In-Page Footnotes:

Footnote 18: Footnote 30: Footnote 47: Footnote 52: Footnote 60: Footnote 61: Footnote 63: Footnote 64: Footnote 65: Footnote 67: See, in particular,


Table of the Previous 10 Versions of this Note:

Date Length Title
29/03/2021 19:23:31 8093 Thesis - Chapter 08 (Arguments against Animalism)
22/03/2021 00:28:48 4462 Thesis - Chapter 08 (Arguments against Animalism)
08/02/2021 16:13:26 4021 Thesis - Chapter 08 (Arguments against Animalism)
18/04/2019 18:18:43 4005 Thesis - Chapter 08 (Arguments against Animalism)
05/04/2016 23:19:41 3764 Thesis - Chapter 08 (Arguments against Animalism)
04/04/2015 00:17:17 3494 Thesis - Chapter 08 (Arguments against Animalism)
13/01/2015 19:07:41 3430 Thesis - Chapter 08 (Arguments against Animalism)
06/11/2014 10:13:26 3407 Thesis - Chapter 08 (Arguments against Animalism)
02/10/2014 17:12:29 3290 Thesis - Chapter 08 (Arguments against Animalism)
22/07/2014 22:23:31 2482 Thesis - Chapter 08 (Arguments against Animalism)



Note last updated Reading List for this Topic Parent Topic
01/10/2021 13:17:46 None available Thesis - Introduction

Summary of Note Links from this Page

Abortion Animalism Animalism - Objections Awaiting Attention (Personal Identity) Baker - The Coherence Of the Constitution View of Human Persons
Baker - The Human Animal: Big-Tent Metaphysics Baker - The Human Animal: Response to Olson Baker - What Am I? Brain Death Brain Transplants
Dicephalus Embryo Fetuses Jen_080317 (Baker) Markosian - The Human Animal: Three Problems for Olson
Noonan - Persons and Bodies - Response Olson Olson - The Human Animal: Reply to Baker Organisms Pregnancy
Psychological Continuity - Forward Snowdon - The Self and Personal Identity Status: Thesis Dashboard (2021: October) Thesis - Chapter 06 (Animalism and Arguments for It) Thesis - Chapter 08 (Arguments against Animalism)
Thesis - Chapter 09 (Arguments against the Constitution View) Thesis - Method & Form What are We? What Matters Works Read - Explanation
Zimmerman - The Human Animal: Objections Zygote      

To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.




Summary of Note Links to this Page

Life After Death Origins PID Note, Book & Paper Usage, 2 Status: Thesis Dashboard (2021: October), 2 Thesis - Chapter 06 (Animalism and Arguments for It), 2
Thesis - Chapter 07 (The Constitution View and Arguments for It) Thesis - Chapter 09 (Arguments against the Constitution View) Thesis - Chapter 10 (Thought Experiments), 2 Thesis - Chapter 11 (Resurrection) Thesis - Introduction
Thinking Animal Argument Website Generator Documentation - Functors, 2, 3      

To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.




Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note

Author Title Medium Extra Links Read?
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 06 (Animalism and Arguments for It) Paper Medium Quality Abstract 2 Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 07 (The Constitution View and Arguments for It) Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 09 (Arguments against the Constitution View) Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 10 (Thought Experiments) Paper Medium Quality Abstract 2 Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 11 (Resurrection) Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Introduction & Chapter Outlines Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Life After Death Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Origins Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Thinking Animal Argument Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes



References & Reading List

Author Title Medium Source Read?
Baird (Robert M.) & Rosenbaum (Stuart E.), Eds. The Ethics of Abortion: Pro-Life Vs. Pro-Choice Book - Cited Low Quality Abstract Baird (Robert M.) & Rosenbaum (Stuart E.), Eds. - The Ethics of Abortion: Pro-Life Vs. Pro-Choice 2%
Blatti (Stephan) & Snowdon (Paul), Eds. Animalism: New Essays on Persons, Animals, and Identity Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 22%
Braine (David) The Human Person: Animal and Spirit Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Braine (David) - The Human Person: Animal and Spirit 2%
Buchanan (Rachael) The battle to separate Safa and Marwa Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract BBC Website, July 2019 Yes
Campbell (Tim) & McMahan (Jeff) Animalism and the Varieties of Conjoined Twinning Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Blatti & Snowdon - Animalism: New Essays on Persons, Animals, and Identity, 2016: Part III, Chapter 11, pp. 229-252 40%
CIBA Foundation Human Embryo Research: Yes or No? Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied No
Ford (Norman) When Did I Begin: Conception of the Human Individual in History, Philosophy and Science Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Ford (Norman) - When Did I Begin: Conception of the Human Individual in History, Philosophy and Science 4%
Lyerly (Anne Drapkin), Little (Margaret Olivia), Etc. Risk and the pregnant body Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract The Hastings Center Report, Vol. 39, No. 6 (Nov. - Dec., 2009), pp. 34-42 11%
McLaren (Ann) Prelude to Embryogenesis Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract CIBA Foundation - Human Embryo Research: Yes or No? No
Olson (Eric), Etc. Abstracta Special Issue on 'The Human Animal' Book - Cited High Quality Abstract Olson (Eric), Etc. - Abstracta Special Issue on 'The Human Animal' Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 10 (Thought Experiments) Paper - Referencing   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 11 (Resurrection) Paper - Referencing   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Life After Death Paper - Referencing Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Warnock (Mary) A Question of Life - The Warnock Report on Human Fertilisation and Embryology Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Warnock (Mary) - A Question of Life - The Warnock Report on Human Fertilisation and Embryology No
Williams (Bernard) Types of Moral Argument Against Embryo Research Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract CIBA Foundation - Human Embryo Research: Yes or No? No



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  1. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2021




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