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Thesis - Chapter 11 (Resurrection)
(Text as at 05/04/2016 23:19:41)
(For other versions of this Note, see the tables at the end)
- If mind-body substance dualism is false, and we are identical to human animals, then the only possibility for post-mortem existence is some form of bodily resurrection.
- Since the body is destroyed at death, it would seem that any resurrected individual could only be a copy of the original. It might think of itself as the resurrected pre-mortem individual, but it would be wrong.
- Consideration of arguments by Peter Van Inwagen in this respect.
- This chapter is likely to be controversial, so needs to be very carefully argued, and factually correct concerning what is actually believed by intellectually-aware Christians and Muslims (unlike what seems to be the case with most swipes against religion).
- Maybe I should also cover reincarnation.
- Follow this Link1 for a generic statement of how I intend to pursue each Chapter.
- The method is broken down into 12, possibly iterative, stages.
- Follow this Link2 for my progress dashboard on these tasks.
- While I wish in this chapter to consider seriously the religious hope of resurrection, I do not want to get side-tracked onto matters of Scriptural exegesis, or into evidential matters of whether particular resurrections – specifically of Jesus – happened or not. In this regard, I’m interested only in what they take resurrection to be, and whether they provide any detailed metaphysical account of how it is supposed to work.
- As in the chapter on Thought Experiments3, this chapter is partly aimed at checking how (my version of) animalism copes with projected situations. As such, I may extend this to other posited versions of post-mortem survival, though most are ruled out by the essentially physical nature of the human person as proposed by animalism.
- While not wanting to get too far off topic, especially at the end of the thesis, I want to consider some of the ethical consequences of adopting Animalism with – I presume – the lack of hope of post-mortem existence. Hence the reading material on death itself and on “matters of life and death”.
- Further text to be supplied.
- To be supplied.
Links to Books / Papers to be Addressed4
- In this Chapter I will consider the following papers or book chapters (together with some others referenced by these). There are doubtless many more that are relevant and which will be addressed in the course of the thesis, but these are probably sufficient to get us going.
- I have divided those on the core topic of resurrection into those that are from a religio-philosophical perspective, rather than pure philosophy. In general, those written by professional philosophers are in the latter section, even if addressed to a religious audience.
- As the topic of death in itself – and the ethical consequences of death without post-mortem survival - are important issues, I have reading lists for these as well.
- Finally, in order to diagnose death, we need to know what life is! I’ve not really investigated a reading-list for this.
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Death and the Afterlife", Baker
- "Blackmore (Susan) - Dying to Live: Near-Death Experiences", Blackmore
- "Feldman (Fred) - Confrontations with the Reaper: A Philosophical Study of the Nature and Value of Death", Feldman
→ "Cushing (Simon) - Fred Feldman: Confrontations with the Reaper", Cushing
- "Fenwick (Peter) & Fenwick (Elizabeth) - The Truth in the Light: An Investigation of Over 300 Near-Death Experiences", Fenwick
- "Fischer (John Martin), Ed. - The Metaphysics of Death", Fischer
- "Fischer (John Martin) & Speak (Daniel) - Death and the Psychological Conception of Personal Identity", Fischer+Speak
- "Green (James W.) - Beyond the Good Death: The Anthropology of Modern Dying", Green
- "Hick (John) - Death and Eternal Life", Hick
- "Kagan (Shelly) - Death", Kagan
- "Lamb (David) - Diagnosing Death", Lamb
- "Lizza (John) - Persons, Humanity, & the Definition of Death", Lizza
- "Luper (Steven) - Death", Luper
- "Nagel (Thomas) - Birth, Death, and the Meaning of Life", Nagel
- "Nagel (Thomas) - Death", Nagel
- "Olson (Eric) - Animalism and the Remnant-Person Problem", Olson
- "Rosenberg (Jay) - Thinking Clearly About Death", Rosenberg
- "Strawson (Galen) - Why I Have No Future", Strawson_G5
- Death and Ethics6:
- Resurrection - Purely Philosophical:
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Material Persons and the Doctrine of Resurrection", Baker
- "Braude (Stephen) - Personal Identity and Post-Mortem Survival", Braude
- "Carruthers (Peter) - After-Life for Physicalists", Carruthers
- "Jones (Nicholas K.) - Too Many Cats: The Problem of the Many and the Metaphysics of Vagueness", Carter
- "Corcoran (Kevin), Ed. - Soul, Body and Survival: Essays on the Metaphysics of Human Persons", Corcoran
- "Edwards (Paul), Ed. - Immortality", Edwards
- "Edwards (Paul) - Reincarnation: A Critical Examination", Edwards
→ "Martin (Raymond) - Review of Paul Edwards. Reincarnation: A Critical Examination", Martin
- "Flew (Anthony), Ed. - Body, Mind and Death", Flew
- "Flew (Anthony) - Merely Mortal?", Flew
- "Gasser (Georg), Ed. - Personal Identity and Resurrection: How Do We Survive Our Death?", Gasser … especially
- "Grossman (Lev), Kurzweil (Ray) - 2045: The Year Man Becomes Immortal", Grossman
- "Hershenov (David) - Van Inwagen, Zimmerman, and the Materialist Conception of Resurrection", Hershenov
- "Hudson (Hud) - Nothing But Dust and Ashes", Hudson
- "Martin (L. Michael) & Augustine (Keith) - The Myth of an Afterlife: The Case against Life After Death", Martin&Augustine
- "Merricks (Trenton) - The Resurrection of the Body", Merricks
- "Olding (A.) - Resurrection Bodies and Resurrection Worlds", Olding
- "Olson (Eric) - Life After Death and the Devastation of the Grave", Olding
- "Penelhum (Terence), Ed. - Immortality", Penelhum
- "Penelhum (Terence) - Survival and Disembodied Existence", Penelhum, especially …
→ "Penelhum (Terence) - Resurrection", Penelhum
- "Perrett (Roy W.) - Death and Immortality", Perrett
- "Perry (John) - A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality", Perry
- "Peters (Ted) - Resurrection of the Very Embodied Soul?", Peters (Neuroscience + Soul)
- "Phillips (D.Z.) - Death and Immortality", Phillips
- "Plato, Gallop (David) - Phaedo", Plato,
- "Puccetti (Roland) - The Conquest of Death", Puccetti
- "Russell (Bertrand) - Do We Survive Death?", Russell
- "Shoemaker (David) - Personal Identity and Immortality", Shoemaker
- "Tipler (Frank) - The Physics of Immortality: Modern Cosmology, God and the Resurrection of the Dead", Tippler
- "Thomas (Janice L.) - What matters for survival and the logical possibility of resurrection", Thomas
- "van Dyke (Christina) - Human Identity, Immanent Causal Relations, and the Principle of Non-Repeatability: Thomas Aquinas on the Bodily Resurrection", van Dyke
- "Van Inwagen (Peter) - The Possibility of Resurrection", van Inwagen
- "Van Inwagen (Peter) - I Look for the Resurrection of the Dead and the Life of the World to Come", van Inwagen
- Resurrection - Religio-Philosophical:
- "Badham (Paul) & Badham (Linda) - Immortality or Extinction", especially (maybe) … Badham
→ "Badham (Paul) & Badham (Linda) - The Meaning of Resurrection, Immortality and Eternal Life",
- "Bullinger (E.W.) - The Resurrection of the Body", Bullinger
- "Bynum (Caroline) - Resurrection of the Body in Western Christianity, 200 - 1336", Bynum
- "Day (Allan) & Martin (L. Michael) - Debate: Is It Rational for Christians to Believe in the Resurrection?", Day+Martin
- "Dunne (John S.) - City of the Gods: A Study in Myth and Mortality", Dunne
- "Gillman (Neil) - The Death Of Death: Resurrection and Immortality in Jewish Thought", Gillman
- "Kerr (Fergus) - Immortal Longings: Versions of Transcending Humanity", Kerr7
- "Morison (Frank) - Who Moved the Stone?", Moris8
- "Wright (N.T.) - Can a Scientist Believe in the Resurrection?", Wright
- "Wright (N.T.) - The Resurrection of the Son of God", Wright
- "Wyatt (John) - Matters of Life and Death", Wyatt
- Many aspects of these papers will need to be either ignored or reserved for other chapters.
- The motivation for these works is as follows:-
- Gasser is the most important work I need to address.
- Wright’s big book (hopefully) supplies all there is from the Christian side – even though the focus is on a specific – and theologically and metaphysically special – resurrection.
- Bynum and Gillman provide background information from the Christian and Jewish perspectives, respectively.
- Badham is a rather elementary Christian discussion, and may be rejected.
- Corcoran is an important survey, already included in the reading for a couple of other Chapters.
- Edwards, Flew and Penelhum are useful surveys of older material, which is useful just to read for the appropriate background. There is some considerable overlap in the selections.
- I suppose I need to discuss death itself, hence Kagan, McMahan, Regan & Wyatt – though skipping the ethical bits.
- Perrett and Tippler may be a little off-centre, and I may reject them on closer inspection.
- The other individual papers – especially those by van Inwagen and Shoemaker – are probably important, but justification is to be supplied.
- Books / Papers Rejected: There are a number of works that I have in my possession that I considered investigating, but in the end decided not to. They are listed here, with reasons for rejection. Of course, there are very many others less tempting that appear in the topical reading lists but are not specifically mentioned here.
- There had already been a lot of cutting in the various selections of the original reading list – the reading lists attached to the Notes run on and on – and these items just represent the works in my possession (though I have sought out all that I’ve heard of that look relevant).
- However, the items in the lists following were given some attention, and have been culled – at least temporarily – from the lists above, where they originally appeared. I’ve not always given a reason as I’ve not studied them sufficiently closely. But, you have to draw a line somewhere.
- I’m well aware that the cut has not been sufficiently rigorous9. Further items beyond the items below are likely to be culled when I come to process them.
Links to Notes
- A lot of my notes seem to mention resurrection and the Notes fall into at least two categories10:-
- Makropulos Case18,
- Life after Death19.
- Philosophy of religion:-
- Resurrection (Metaphysics)21,
- 1 Corinthians 1522,
- This is work in progress24.
In-Page FootnotesFootnote 4:
- See the section on Research Methodology for what is to be done with these.
- The author’s surname is repeated in the text to make it easier for me to see what’s going on in the encoded text I work on.
- The topic of “Death and Ethics” is already a bit tangential to my thesis, but there’s a set of questions – of which two are the most important, namely:-
– in which I have an interest, and on which I wonder whether my views on Personal Identity have anything to say.
- Why is death bad (for the deceased)?, and
- Can the dead be harmed (assuming they no longer exist)?
- Therefore, I park here a bunch of papers on these topics (more on the second than the first) that may or may not get “processed”:-
- "Brueckner (Anthony) & Fischer (John Martin) - Why Is Death Bad?", Brueckner&Fischer
- "Callahan (Joan C.) - On Harming the Dead", Callahan
- "Feinberg (Joel) - Harm to Others", Feinberg
- "Grover (Dorothy) - Posthumous Harm", Grover
- "Hetherington (Stephen) - Deathly Harm", Hetherington
- "Kamm (F.M.) - Why Is Death Bad?", Kamm
- "Levenbook (Barbara Baum) - Harming the Dead, Once Again", Levenbook
- "Levenbook (Barbara Baum) - Harming Someone after His Death", Levenbook
- "Levenbook (Barbara Baum) - The Retroactivity Problem", Levenbook
- "Luper (Steven) - Annihilation", Luper
- "Luper (Steven) - Death", Luper
- "Luper (Steven) - Mortal Harm", Luper
- "Luper (Steven) - Past Desires and the Dead", Luper
- "Luper (Steven) - Posthumous Harm", Luper
- "Luper-Foy (Steven) - Annihilation", Luper-Foy
- "Marquis (Don) - Harming the Dead", Marquis
- "Pitcher (George) - The Misfortunes of the Dead", Pitcher
- "Ridge (Michael) - Giving the Dead Their Due", Ridge
- "Solomon (David) - Is There Happiness after Death?", Solomon
- "Taylor (James Stacey) - The Myth of Posthumous Harm", Taylor
Footnote 8: Hardly philosophy, but important to have read!
- Unlikely to have anything to do with resurrection, but I want an excuse for reading the book!
- Maybe belongs to Chapter 8.
Footnote 9: Especially as the list is currently empty!
Footnote 10: Write-up notes are accessible via the papers or books they are write-ups of.
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