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Personal Identity

Christian Materialism

(Text as at 20/09/2022 11:24:00)

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Plug Note1

  1. Introduction
    • This Note will focus on those philosophers who profess both some form of Christianity and some form of materialism2, though it also lists those other philosophers associated in one way or another with the philosophy of Personal Identity who have professed Christian faith.
    • Thesis Text:
      1. The form of materialism3 I have in mind is that we human beings consist wholly of matter4, without the need to posit a soul5 to ensure our post-mortem survival6 and, in particular, our posited resurrection7.
      2. I will also discuss those Christian philosophers who are dualists or hold other non-materialist accounts of human identity, and who resist Christian Materialism8.
      3. Obviously, no Christian with any claim to orthodoxy believes that all persons9 are essentially10 embodied – as God is, and presumably angels are, taken to be persons and immaterial.
      4. I also suppose that Christians may differ as to what they think of as the intermediate state between death11 and resurrection12 (ignoring those that think that the future state is incorporeal13).
      5. They may also differ as to whether they think matter requires animating14 by the breath of the Spirit in a literal sense.
      6. List of Christian Materialists:
        1. Lynne Rudder Baker
        2. Kevin Corcoran
        3. Hud Hudson
        4. David Hershenov
        5. Trenton Merricks
        6. Nancey Murphy
        7. Peter Van Inwagen
      7. Remarks on other selected contemporary Christian Philosophers
    • I will focus on those philosophers who are still living or who were active in the latter quarter of the 20th century and / or thereafter, during which period it has been relatively unusual for a philosopher to openly espouse theism.
    • A useful source of contemporary theists ought to be "Bourget (David) & Chalmers (David) - The PhilPapers Surveys: What Do Philosophers Believe?", though there were virtually none that I recognised.
    • "Plantinga (Alvin) - Twenty Years Worth of the SCP" claimed that there were 1,000 members of the Society of Christian Philosophers (in 1998).
    • This Note – or those related to it – may become more important in due course, as it might be an alternative focus for my Thesis.
    • This Note consists mostly of lists!
      1. In the list of philosophers, I’ve included in the third category all the significant living philosophers I know of with Christian affiliation.
      2. However, in the list of works, I’ve focussed on those explicitly to do with my topic of personal identity, so many Christian philosophers don’t feature.
  2. List of Other Christian Philosophers
  3. Works
  4. This is a place-holder31.



In-Page Footnotes:

Footnote 16: To be checked & corrected in due course.

Footnote 17: Footnote 25: Footnote 28: Footnote 29:


Table of the Previous 5 Versions of this Note:

Date Length Title
10/05/2022 17:45:36 16121 Christian Materialism
01/10/2021 13:17:46 14580 Christian Materialism
12/02/2021 15:44:38 13730 Christian Materialism
30/12/2020 10:58:05 9063 Christian Materialism
31/08/2015 00:15:50 8608 Christian Materialism



Note last updated Reading List for this Topic Parent Topic
20/09/2022 11:24:00 None available Resurrection


Summary of Notes Referenced by This Note

Animation Awaiting Attention (Personal Identity) Baker Baker - What Am I? Death
Disembodied Existence Essentialism Hylomorphism Jen_080317 (Baker) Life After Death
Lowe - Locke on Identity Matter Note Links Explanation Person Physicalism
Plug Note Apologia Resurrection Souls Survival Swinburne - Personal Identity: The Dualist Theory
Thesis - Chapter 07 (The Constitution View and Arguments for It) What are We? Works Read - Explanation Zimmerman - The Human Animal: Objections  

To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.




Summary of Notes Citing This Note

Animation Baker Baker - Persons in the Material World Corpses Dualism
Naturalism Olson - Immanent Causation and Life After Death Olson - What Are We? Physical Continuity Physicalism
PID Note, Book & Paper Usage, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 Religion, 2, 3 Thesis - Chapter 02 (What are We?) Thesis - Chapter 04 (Basic Metaphysical Issues), 2 Thesis - Chapter 05 (Persistence and Time)
Thesis - Chapter 06 (Animalism and Arguments for It) Thesis - Chapter 07 (The Constitution View and Arguments for It), 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Thesis - Chapter 11 (Resurrection) Thesis - Current Stance, 2 Website - Progress to Date (2022 - November), 2
Website Generator Documentation - Functors, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6        

To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.




Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note

Author Title Medium Extra Links Read?
Atkinson (Thomas) N/A Author    
Baker (Lynne Rudder) N/A Author    
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Christian Materialism in a Scientific Age Paper Medium Quality Abstract 2, 3  
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Embryos and Stem­Cell Research Paper High Quality Abstract   Yes
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Persons in the Material World Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Beilby (James), Ed. Naturalism Defeated?: Essays on Plantinga's Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism Book Medium Quality Abstract    
Bruntrup (Godehard) Soul, Body and Survival: The Renaissance of Christian Materialism Paper Medium Quality Abstract    
Corcoran (Kevin) Dualism, Materialism and the Problem of Post Mortem Survival Paper Medium Quality Abstract    
Corcoran (Kevin) I Believe in the Resurrection of the Body and the Life of the World to Come Paper Medium Quality Abstract 2  
Corcoran (Kevin) Rethinking Human Nature: A Christian Materialist Alternative to the Soul Book Medium Quality Abstract 2  
De Monticelli (Roberta) For Lynne Rudder Baker (1944-2017) Paper Medium Quality Abstract    
Gasser (Georg) Personal Identity and Resurrection: Introduction Paper High Quality Abstract   Yes
Hart (David Bentley) Everything you know about the Gospel of Paul is likely wrong Paper Low Quality Abstract   Yes
Hudson (Hud) Nothing But Dust and Ashes Paper Low Quality Abstract    
Moreland (J.P.) Review of Hud Hudson 'A Materialist Metaphysics of the Human Person' Paper Medium Quality Abstract    
Olson (Eric) Immanent Causation and Life After Death Paper High Quality Abstract   Yes
Olson (Eric) Life After Death and the Devastation of the Grave Paper High Quality Abstract   Yes
Olson (Eric) What Are We? Paper High Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Animation Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Baker Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 02 (What Are We?) Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 04 (Basic Metaphysical Issues) Paper Medium Quality Abstract 2 Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 05 (Persistence and Time) Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 06 (Animalism and Arguments for It) Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 07 (The Constitution View and Arguments for It) Paper Medium Quality Abstract 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 11 (Resurrection) Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Corpses Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Current Position Paper Medium Quality Abstract 2 Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Dualism Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Naturalism Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Physical Continuity Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Physicalism Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Religion Paper Medium Quality Abstract 2, 3 Yes
Van Inwagen (Peter) Dualism and Materialism: Athens and Jerusalem? Paper Medium Quality Abstract 2 Yes
Van Inwagen (Peter) & Zimmerman (Dean) Persons: Human and Divine Book Medium Quality Abstract 2  
Zimmerman (Dean) Bodily Resurrection: The Falling Elevator Model Revisited Paper High Quality Abstract 2 Yes
Zimmerman (Dean) Video: Can We Survive Our Death? Paper High Quality Abstract   Yes



References & Reading List

Author Title Medium Source Read?
Atkinson (Thomas) Human organisms and the survival of death: a systematic evaluation of the possibility of life after death given animalism Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract PhD thesis, University of Liverpool Website, August 2017 3%
Atkinson (Thomas) Material Beings and the Metaphysics of the Resurrection Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Website: Lecture Handout Yes
Baker (Deane-Peter) Alvin Plantinga Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 9%
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Christian Materialism in a Scientific Age Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract International Journal for Philosophy of Religion, 69(1):1–12, 2011 8%
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Christians Should Reject Mind-Body Dualism Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Peterson (Michael) & Van Arragon (Raymond) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion, 2004 Yes
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Death and the Afterlife Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract The Oxford Handbook for the Philosophy of Religion, William Wainwright, ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005): 366-391 81%
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Material Persons and the Doctrine of Resurrection Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Faith and Philosophy 18 (2001): 151-167 Yes
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Materialism with a Human Face Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Corcoran - Soul, Body and Survival, Chapter 10 No
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Need a Christian be a Mind/Body Dualist? Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Faith and Philosophy 12: 489-504 (1995) No
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Persons and Bodies: A Constitution View Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Persons and Bodies: A Constitution View Yes
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Persons in the Material World Paper - Referencing Baker (Lynne) - Persons and Bodies, Chapter 1 Yes
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Saving Belief: A Critique of Physicalism Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Saving Belief: A Critique of Physicalism 0%
Baker (Lynne Rudder) What Am I? Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Philosophy and Phenomenological Research Mar99, Vol. 59 Issue 1, p151, 9p; Yes
Baker (Lynne Rudder) When Do Persons Begin and End? Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Distinguished Faculty Lecture, December 5, 2005 Yes
Baker (Lynne Rudder) When Does a Person Begin? Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Paul, Miller & Paul - Personal Identity, 2005 5%
Baker (Lynne Rudder) & Matthews (Gareth B.) Anselm’s Argument Reconsidered Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract The Review of Metaphysics 64.1 (September 2010): 31- 54 5%
Bourget (David) & Chalmers (David) The PhilPapers Surveys: What Do Philosophers Believe? Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Philosophical Studies: Vol. 170, No. 3 (September 2014), pp. 465-500 Yes
Carter (William) 'Partist' Resistance to the Many: Review of 'A Materialist Metaphysics of the Human Person' by Hud Hudson Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 68, No. 3, May 2004, pp. 713-723 Yes
Corcoran (Kevin) Biology or Psychology? Human Persons and Personal Identity Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Petrus - On Human Persons, 2003 Yes
Corcoran (Kevin) Constitution, Resurrection, and Relationality Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Gasser (Georg) - Personal Identity and Resurrection: How Do We Survive Our Death? 2010 40%
Corcoran (Kevin) Dualism, Materialism and the Problem of Post Mortem Survival Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Kevin Timpe (Ed.), Arguing About Religion (Routledge, 2009) 17%
Corcoran (Kevin) I Believe in the Resurrection of the Body and the Life of the World to Come Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Corcoran (Kevin) - Rethinking Human Nature, Chapter 5 13%
Corcoran (Kevin) I'm No Soul, Man: a Response to Baltimore Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Religious Studies, Volume 42, Issue 04, December 2006, pp 431-437 No
Corcoran (Kevin) Persons, Bodies and the Constitution Relation Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Southern Journal of Philosophy 37:1, 1999, pp. 1-20 No
Corcoran (Kevin) Physical Persons and Postmortem Survival Without Temporal Gaps Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Corcoran - Soul, Body and Survival, Chapter 12 No
Corcoran (Kevin) Rethinking Human Nature: A Christian Materialist Alternative to the Soul Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 13%
Corcoran (Kevin), Ed. Soul, Body and Survival: Essays on the Metaphysics of Human Persons Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 12%
Gasser (Georg) Personal Identity and Resurrection: Introduction Paper - Referencing High Quality Abstract Gasser (Georg) - Personal Identity and Resurrection: How Do We Survive Our Death? 2010 Yes
Gasser (Georg), Ed. Personal Identity and Resurrection: How Do We Survive Our Death? Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 95%
Gasser (Georg), Ed. Personal Identity and Resurrection: How Do We Survive Our Death? Book - Referencing (via Paper Referencing) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 95%
Hudson (Hud) A Materialist Metaphysics of the Human Person Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 2%
Hudson (Hud) Hyperspace and Christianity Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Hudson (Hud) - The Metaphysics of Hyperspace, Chapter 8 Yes
Hudson (Hud) I am Not an Animal! Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Van Inwagen (Peter) & Zimmerman (Dean) - Persons: Human and Divine 11%
Hudson (Hud) Multiple Location and Single Location Resurrection Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Gasser (Georg) - Personal Identity and Resurrection: How Do We Survive Our Death? 2010 Yes
Hudson (Hud) Nothing But Dust and Ashes Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Hudson (Hud) - A Materialist Metaphysics of the Human Person, 2001, Chapter 7 No
Hudson (Hud) On Constitution and All-Fusions Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 81 Issue 3, Sep2000, p237, 10p No
Hudson (Hud) Temporal Parts and Moral Personhood Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophical Studies 93, 1999, pp. 299-316 No
Hudson (Hud) The Metaphysics of Hyperspace Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 10%
Lowe (E.J.) Locke on Human Understanding Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 30%
Lowe (E.J.) Locke: Identity Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Lowe - Locke on Human Understanding Chapter 5, 1995 Yes
Martin (L. Michael) & Augustine (Keith) The Myth of an Afterlife: The Case against Life After Death Book - Referencing (via Paper Referencing) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 15%
Martin (Michael G.F.), Ed. Mind - 114/455 (July 2005) Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Bibliographical details to be supplied No
Merricks (Trenton) A New Objection To A Priori Arguments for Dualism Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract American Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. 31, No. 1 (Jan., 1994), pp. 81-85 17%
Merricks (Trenton) Against the Doctrine of Microphysical Supervenience Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Mind - 107/425 (January 1998) Yes
Merricks (Trenton) Composition and Vagueness Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Mind, 114, Number 455, July 2005, pp. 615-637(23) No
Merricks (Trenton) On Whether Being Conscious is Intrinsic Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Mind, 107, Number 428, October 1998, pp. 845-846 Yes
Murphy (Nancey) I Cerebrate Myself: Is there a little man inside your brain? Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Books and Culture 5/1 (Jan-Feb 1999), p. 24 Yes
Oderberg (David) Johnston on Human Beings Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Journal of Philosophy, 86.3, Mar., 1989, pp. 137-141 Yes
Olson (Eric) Immanent Causation and Life After Death Paper - Referencing High Quality Abstract Gasser (Georg) - Personal Identity and Resurrection: How Do We Survive Our Death? 2010 Yes
Olson (Eric) Life After Death and the Devastation of the Grave Paper - Referencing High Quality Abstract Martin & Augustine - The Myth of an Afterlife, Part 2, Chapter 19, 2015: 409-423 Yes
Olson (Eric), Etc. Abstracta Special Issue on 'The Human Animal' Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) High Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Paul (Ellen), Miller (Fred) & Paul (Jeffrey), Eds. Personal Identity Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 0%
Peterson (Michael) & VanArragon (Raymond) Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) High Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 13%
Petrus (Klaus), Ed. On Human Persons Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) High Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 72%
Plantinga (Alvin) Twenty Years Worth of the SCP Paper - Cited Faith and Philosophy 15: 151-155, 1998 Yes
Quinn (Philip L.) Review of Antony Flew's 'The Logic of Mortality' Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Nous, Vol. 26, No. 1, Mar., 1992, pp. 102-104 Yes
Rea (Michael) Material Constitution: Preface, Introduction & Appendix (A Formal Statement of the Problem) Paper - Cited Rea - Material Constitution - A Reader Yes
Rea (Michael), Ed. Material Constitution - A Reader Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) High Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 35%
Sainsbury (Mark), Ed. Mind - 107/425 (January 1998) Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Bibliographical details to be supplied 10%
Sainsbury (Mark), Ed. Mind - 107/428 (October 1998) Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Bibliographical details to be supplied 4%
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Religion Paper - Referencing Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Van Inwagen (Peter) Dualism and Materialism: Athens and Jerusalem? Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Faith and Philosophy 12: 475-88, 1995 Yes
Van Inwagen (Peter) I Look for the Resurrection of the Dead and the Life of the World to Come Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Van Inwagen's website Yes
Van Inwagen (Peter) Materialism and the Psychological-continuity Account of Personal Identity Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Van Inwagen - Ontology, Identity and Modality, Part II: Identity, Chapter 9, 1997 Yes
Van Inwagen (Peter) Ontology, Identity and Modality: Essays in metaphysics Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 17%
Van Inwagen (Peter) Philosophers and the Words 'Human Body' Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Peter van Inwagen, Ed, Time and Cause, 1980, 283-299 Yes
Van Inwagen (Peter) Plantinga’s Replacement Argument Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Baker (Deane-Peter) - Alvin Plantinga, Chapter 8 Yes
Van Inwagen (Peter) Précis of Material Beings Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53, No. 3, Sep., 1993, pp. 683-686 Yes
Van Inwagen (Peter) & Zimmerman (Dean) Persons: Human and Divine Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 3%
Zimmerman (Dean) Bodily Resurrection: The Falling Elevator Model Revisited Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Gasser (Georg) - Personal Identity and Resurrection: How Do We Survive Our Death? 2010 Yes
Zimmerman (Dean) Bodily Resurrection: The Falling Elevator Model Revisited Paper - Referencing High Quality Abstract Gasser (Georg) - Personal Identity and Resurrection: How Do We Survive Our Death? 2010 Yes
Zimmerman (Dean) Christians Should Affirm Mind-Body Dualism Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Peterson (Michael) & Van Arragon (Raymond) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion, 2004 Yes
Zimmerman (Dean) Problems for Animalism Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Abstracta Special Issue I – 2008 (Brazil) Yes
Zimmerman (Dean) Reply to Baker's 'Christians Should Reject Mind-Body Dualism' Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Peterson (Michael) & Van Arragon (Raymond) - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion, 2004 Yes
Zimmerman (Dean) Video: Can We Survive Our Death? Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract YouTube; accessed August 2015. Interview at the Templeton Conference on Analytic Philosophy of Religion, Munich 2012. Yes
Zimmerman (Dean) Video: Does God Know Our First-Person Perspectives? Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract YouTube; accessed August 2015. Interview at the Templeton Conference on Analytic Philosophy of Religion, Munich 2012. Yes



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