<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /> <title>Note: Essays - Definite Descriptions (Theo Todman's Web Page)</title> </head><body> <a name="Top"></a> <h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Notes Pages</h1><hr><h2>Essays</h2><h3>Definite Descriptions</h3><p class = "Centered">(Text as at 01/08/2017 00:11:31)<hr> <P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><ul type="disc"><li>This is one of my BA essays in the philosophy of language, looking at the different uses of definite descriptions.<BR></li><li>Currently, this Essay is only available as a PDF: <a href="../../ReferentialAttributive.pdf" target="_top">Click here</a>. It is my intention to convert this to Note format in due course. </li></ul></P> <br><hr><h3 class = "Left">Printable Versions:</h3> <UL><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_1193_0_P_R.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 0 (with reading list), and </li><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_1193_0_P.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 0.</li></UL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><TR> <TH WIDTH="25%">Note last updated</TH> <TH WIDTH="50%">Reading List for this Topic</TH> <TH WIDTH="25%">Parent Topic</TH></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="25%">01/08/2017 00:11:31</TD> <TD WIDTH="50%"><A HREF = "../../PaperCatalogIdentityFullSubTopic_813.htm" TARGET = "_top">Definite Descriptions</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="25%">None</TD></TR> </TABLE></center> <BR><HR><BR><h3>Summary of Note Links to this Page</h3> <CENTER> <TABLE Class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR> <td bgcolor="#b3ffb3" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1144.htm#17"><span title="High Quality">Theo Todman's BA Papers</span></A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P class = "Centered">To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.</P> <CENTER> <br><hr><br><h3>References & Reading List</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=950> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Author</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Title</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Medium</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Source</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"><B>Read?</B></TD> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Austin (J.L.)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Locutionary, Illocutionary, Perlocutionary</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21259.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../cancel.png"alt="Low Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Harnish (Robert M.) - Basic Topics in the Philosophy of Language</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Bach (Kent)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Meaning, Speech Acts, and Communication: Introduction</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21258.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Harnish (Robert M.) - Basic Topics in the Philosophy of Language</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Baker (Lynne Rudder)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Underprivileged Access</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21282.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Nos, 16:227 41, 1982</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"> 10%</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Burgess (John P.) & Kripke (Saul)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Synthetic Mechanics Revisited</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21179.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../cancel.png"alt="Low Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Journal of Philosophical Logic, Vol. 20, No. 2 (May, 1991), pp. 121-130</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Donnellan (Keith)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Proper Names and Identifying Descriptions</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21171.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Synthese 21 (1970) 335-358</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Donnellan (Keith)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Reference and Definite Descriptions</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_00/Abstract_161.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Ludlow - Readings in the Philosophy of Language</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Forbes (Graeme)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Opacity and Attributions of Attitude: Introduction</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21263.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Harnish (Robert M.) - Basic Topics in the Philosophy of Language</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Goosens (William K.)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Underlying Trait Terms</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21267.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Schwartz (Stephen P.), Ed. - Naming, Necessity and Natural Kinds</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Grossmann (Reinhardt)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Definite Descriptions</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_19/PaperSummary_19974.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Philosophical Studies, Vol. 27, No. 2 (Feb., 1975), pp. 127-144</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Harnish (Robert M.)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Basic Topics in the Philosophy of Language</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6371.htm">Book - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../cancel.png" alt="Low Quality Abstract"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Harnish (Robert M.) - Basic Topics in the Philosophy of Language</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"> 5%</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Harnish (Robert M.)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Basic Topics in the Philosophy of Language: Introduction</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21182.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Harnish (Robert M.) - Basic Topics in the Philosophy of Language</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Kaplan (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Demonstratives</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21262.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../cancel.png"alt="Low Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Harnish (Robert M.) - Basic Topics in the Philosophy of Language</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Kripke (Saul)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">'Flexible' Predicates of Formal Number Theory</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21178.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../cancel.png"alt="Low Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 13, No. 4 (Aug., 1962), pp. 647-650</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Kripke (Saul)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Presupposition and Anaphora: Remarks on the Formulation of the Projection Problem</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21177.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../cancel.png"alt="Low Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Linguistic Inquiry, Vol. 40, No. 3 (Summer, 2009), pp. 367-386</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Kripke (Saul)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Russell's Notion of Scope</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5859.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Mind, 114, Number 456, October 2005, pp. 1005-1037(33)</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Kripke (Saul)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Speaker's Reference and Semantic Reference</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_01/Abstract_1150.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../cancel.png"alt="Low Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Ludlow - Readings in the Philosophy of Language</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Kroon (Fred)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Descriptivism, Pretense, and the Frege-Russell Problems</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21174.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Philosophical Review, Vol. 113, No. 1 (Jan., 2004), pp. 1-30</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Kroon (Fred)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">The Problem of 'Jonah': How Not to Argue for the Causal Theory of Reference</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21175.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Philosophical Studies, Vol. 43, No. 2 (Mar., 1983), pp. 281-299</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Ludlow (Peter)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Descriptions</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_00/Abstract_526.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, 2004-7</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"> 3%</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Ludlow (Peter), Ed.</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Readings in the Philosophy of Language</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_18.htm">Book - By Subtopic (via Paper By Subtopic)</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Ludlow (Peter), Ed. - Readings in the Philosophy of Language</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"> 2%</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Martin (Michael G.F.), Ed.</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Mind - 114/456 (October 2005)</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1368.htm">Book - By Subtopic (via Paper By Subtopic)</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Martin (Michael G.F.), Ed. - Mind - 114/456 (October 2005)</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Preti (Consuelo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">On Kripke</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6367.htm">Book - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png" alt="Medium Quality Abstract"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Preti (Consuelo) - On Kripke</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"> 2%</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Preti (Consuelo)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">On Kripke</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21183.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Preti (Consuelo) - On Kripke</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"> 3%</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Quine (W.V.)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Referential Opacity</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21264.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../cancel.png"alt="Low Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Harnish (Robert M.) - Basic Topics in the Philosophy of Language</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Salmon (Nathan)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Sense and Reference: Introduction</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21261.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Harnish (Robert M.) - Basic Topics in the Philosophy of Language</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Schwartz (Stephen P.)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Naming, Necessity and Natural Kinds: Introduction</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21184.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Schwartz (Stephen P.), Ed. - Naming, Necessity and Natural Kinds</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"> 2%</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Schwartz (Stephen P.), Ed.</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Naming, Necessity and Natural Kinds</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6370.htm">Book - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../cancel.png" alt="Low Quality Abstract"></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Schwartz (Stephen P.), Ed. - Naming, Necessity and Natural Kinds</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"> 1%</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Searle (John)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">How Performatives Work</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21260.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../cancel.png"alt="Low Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Harnish (Robert M.) - Basic Topics in the Philosophy of Language</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Smullyan (Arthur Francis)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Modality and Description</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21172.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 13, No. 1 (Mar., 1948), pp. 31-37</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Soames (Scott)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Meaning and Truth: Introduction</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21265.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Harnish (Robert M.) - Basic Topics in the Philosophy of Language</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Sosa (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">The Import of the Puzzle About Belief</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21176.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft"> Philosophical Review, Vol. 105, No. 3 (Jul., 1996), pp. 373-402</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Unger (Peter)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">The Causal Theory of Reference</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21173.htm">Paper - By Subtopic</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Philosophical Studies, Vol. 43, No. 1 (Jan., 1983), pp. 1-45</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> </TABLE> </CENTER> <a name="ColourConventions"></a><br><hr><br><h3 class = "Left">Text Colour Conventions</h3><OL TYPE="1"><li><FONT COLOR = "000000">Black</FONT>: Printable Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><li><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL><BR> <center><BR><HR><BR><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD><TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD><TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-01T04:49" pubdate>01/08/2018 04:49:06</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR><TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD><TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD><TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD></TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR></BODY></HTML>