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(Text as at 12/08/2007 10:17:46)
The above example illustrates a lack of distinctness in the term "explanation" and the differences in the sort of questions addressed by science on the one hand and philosophy (or, where relevant, theology) on the other
- Scientific investigation deals with first order questions such as "what" and "how".
- Theology attempts to deal with second order questions such as "why". Philosophy may also consider such questions, but more often addresses itself to other second order questions, such as a criticism of concepts or methods.
- Science has no interest in purpose, and evolutionary biology, when disentangled from metaphysical accretions, specifically denies that there is any purpose undergirding the evolutionary process.
- Scientists with an interest in theology tend to suggest that they feel that the job has been left half done if the questions of purpose are not pursued.
- However, questions of purpose cannot be used to choose between theories that aim to deal with the "what-" and "how-" type issues.
- Second order (purposive) questions can only be asked once the first order questions (at least the "what-" type questions) have been answered.
|Note last updated
||Reference for this Topic
||412 (Simplicity - Explanation)
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