<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /> <title>Note: Christian Tractatus (Theo Todman's Web Page)</title> </head><body> <a name="Top"></a> <h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Notes Pages</h1><hr><h2>Christian Tractatus</h2><p class = "Centered">(Text as at 12/08/2007 10:17:46)<hr> <P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B> Evolutionary theory has been parodied by Christians, particularly with respect to probability and entropy.</B><ol type="1"><li>Firstly, the models generated by anti-evolutionists to demonstrate the "impossible odds" against the occurrence of evolution are straw men, for the following reasons :- <ul type="disc"><li>More attention should be given to the marginal advantage given by intermediate states.</li><li>Under the evolutionary model, the evolving organism (or at least its genes) does (or do) not have any "goal" in mind. Hence, our calculations should not be based on particular organs having arisen by chance, but on any organ arising that would confer an advantage on the possessor.</li><li>Attention should also be given to the "genetic takeover" theories of Cairns-Smith. </li></ul></li><li>Secondly, Entropy (a measure of thermodynamic disorder) is only constrained to increase within a closed system. The Earth, which receives energy from the Sun, is not a closed system, so localised increases in order do not violate the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics. </li></ol></P> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><TR> <TH WIDTH="25%">Note last updated</TH> <TH WIDTH="50%">Reference for this Topic</TH> <TH WIDTH="25%">Parent Topic</TH></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="25%">12/08/2007 10:17:46</TD> <TD WIDTH="50%">482 (Problems - Bible Cosmogony - Evolution)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%"><A href ="../../Notes/Notes_4/Notes_406.htm">Problems - Bible Cosmogony</A></TD></TR> </TABLE></center> <BR><HR><BR><h3>Summary of Note Links to this Page</h3> <CENTER> <TABLE Class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR> <td bgcolor="#ffff4d" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_4/Notes_406.htm#3"><span title="Medium Quality">Problems - Bible Cosmogony</span></A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P class = "Centered">To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.</P> <a name="ColourConventions"></a><br><hr><br><h3 class = "Left">Text Colour Conventions</h3><OL TYPE="1"><li><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL><BR> <center><BR><HR><BR><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD><TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD><TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-01T03:26" pubdate>01/08/2018 03:26:42</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR><TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD><TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD><TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD></TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR></BODY></HTML>